#CAP2020 Cerebrovascular diseases:-
Cerebrovascular diseases include ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, and cerebrovascular anomalies such as intracranial neurysms and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs).
Definition of stroke by WHO (brain attack)
“Neurological deficit of cerebrovascular cause that persists beyond 24 hours or is interrupted by death within 24 hours”.
The clinical manifestations of stroke are highly variable because of the complex anatomy of the brain and its vasculature.If the cessation of flow lasts for more than a few minutes, infarction or death of brain tissue results. When blood flow is quickly restored, brain tissue can recover fully and the patient’s symptoms are only transient: this is called a transient ischemic attack (TIA).
3 – acon, bell,coccu,gel, ip,lache,op
2 – arn, aur, bar.c,camp,china,coff,cro.h, cupr, ferr,hyos, lyco,nat.mur, nux.v, nux.m, phos, puls
1 – car.veg, con, lauro, mer.sol,nit.ac, plum, sep, stram, tab.
HEAD – Apoplexy
3 – car.v, crot, nux.v,
2 – ip
Arnica is disposed to cerebral congestion, apoplexy, red, full face.
Deathly coldness of forearm.
Marked effect on the blood.
Echymosis and haemorrhages.
Tendency to haemorrhage and low-fever states.
Paralysis of lower extremities, rheumatic origin, or by getting wet.
Stiffness in limbs, dragging gait.
Pains tearing in tendons, ligaments, and fasciae.
The cold fresh air is not tolerated; it makes the skin painful.
Paralytic weakness. Paralysis of single nerves or single parts.
Ptosis; facial paralysis; paralysis of tongue; of extremities ; of vocal chords ; of bladder ; of rectum
Facial paralysis from exposure to dry cold weather.
Similar to Rhus.tox, simple paralysis of lower extremities, worse from damp ground.
Paralysis of lower extremities from cold. Recent cases with pain in the paralyzed part.
A paralytic condition runs throughout the pathogenesis. There is paralysis of mind and body. Sensation as if brain loose.
Burning pains are found in many parts. General soreness and sensitiveness.
The paretic condition is shown in the eyelids, causing ptosis; in the eye
muscles, causing diplopia; in the oesophagus, causing loss of swallowing power;
Partial paralysis of rectum and sphincter.
Partial paralysis of bladder; flow intermittent.
Complete relaxation of the whole muscular system.
Pain in muscles of back, hips, and lower extremities, mostly deep-seated.
The ascending paralysis it produces
Difficult gait, trembling, sudden loss of strength while walking,painful stiffness of legs
Muscular weakness, especially of lower extremities.
Paralysis of ocular muscles.
Paralysis of lower extremities, contractive sensations and heaviness in the limbs Congestive headache, associated with haemorrhoids.
Paresis of ocular muscles; worse, tobacco and stimulants.
Paresis of arms, with shocks.
Partial paralysis, from overexertion or getting soaked.
Paralysis with numbess and paralysis of the parts.
Facial paralysis with coldness from exposure to dry cold winds.
Paraplegia with tingling
Paralysis with atrophy. Wristdrop, paralysis of extenors
Paralysis due to sclerosis or fatty degeneration.. affect upper extremity more than lower.
Paralysis from fatty degeneration of nerve cells.
Progressive spinal paralysis.
Paresis of extrinsic muscles.
Weakness and trembling, from every exertion.
Paralysis of lower extremity, of spinal origin. Legs feels so heavy that patient drags them.
Pain along cord, with paralytic weakness.
Arms feel paralyzed.
Spinal degenerations and paralysis of lower limbs.