THIS IS A 10 YEARS OLD CHILD HAVING BILATRAL VERNAL KERTACONJUCTIVITIS V K C IS A VERY COMMON DISORDER ALSO KNOWN AS SPRING CATARH IT IS OF 3 TYPES PALPEBRAL BULBAR MIXED IN PALPEBRAL WE HAVE TYPICAL COBLY STONE APPEARANCE OF UMP CONJUCTIVA IN BULBAR WE HAVE ANNULAR CONJUCTIVAL LESION S PT OF V K C HAS SEVERE ITCHING REDNESS PHTOPHOBIA BUNING SENSATIONS THRIR IS ALSO CORNEAL INVOLVEMENT WHICH IS A TYPE OF DYSTROPHY IN MODT OF CASES THEIR IS SEASONAL REMESSION THAT IS IT STARTS IN SPRING WITH ONSET OF POLLANS THAT'S WHY CALLED AS SPRING CATARH MOST OF THE OPHTHALMOLOGISTS STSRT WITH PREDENESOLONE OR DEXAMETHADINE EYE DROPS AND THEY SRE MAGICAL IN RELEIVING TGE DIGNS AND SYMPTOMS NOW THE PROBLEM IS WHEN IN THE NEXT SPRING DESEASE RECURS PTNGETS STERIOD DROOD FROM THE COUNTER AND I HAVE SEEN SOME OF THESE PATIENTS WHO ARE STERIOD SENSITIVE GET DTRIOD INFUCED GLAUCOMA IF THE STERIODS ARE PRESCRIBED PATIENTS OF V K C HAVE TO BE UNDER THE FOLLOW UP OF OPHTHALMOLOHIST TO MONITER IOP AND FUNDUS BEST AND SAFE TRESTMENT OF V K C IS FOLLIWING OLOPAPTADINE EYE DROPS IT IS ANTICHOLINERGIC AND SNTI AKKERGIC 2 NON STERIODAL ANTIINFLAMMATORY EYE DROPS 3 F M L EYE DROPS 4 ARTIFICIAL TERAS EYE DROPS 5 MAST CELL INHIBITORS 6 COLD EYE COMPRESSES 7NSUN GLASSES COMING TO THIS 22 YEARS OLD CHIKD WITH V K C VA 6/12 FUNDII PICTURE IS SUGGESTIVE OF GLAUCOMA SUSPECT VESSELS ARE DIPPING ST SUPERIOR DISC MSRHINS NASAL SHIFTING PHYSIOLOGICAL VIO IS PROMINENT MERGING WITH MARGINS OF DISC THIS IS GLAUCOMA SUSPECT STERIOD INDUCED MONITER IOP OF CHILD WE FO NOT CALL IT AS AMBLYOPIA CHILD SHOULD NEVER USE STERIOD DROOS
Diagnosed with ambylopia He may lose vision Diagnosed cause & treat Patch in normal eyes or strabismus treat Treat at early age My rt operated for traumatic cataract glasses rt vision not improved But I am lucky 6/6 vision in rt i was worried of ambylopia because full life studied with left eye
Consequale of VKC is keratoconus So,RP centre AIMS is the correct refference place to management of these type of complicated case. For amblyopia patch therapy may be useful before 12yrs of child age.
Better to refer this case to higher centre
He has keratoconus..should be followed with corneal surgeon.. Regular follow ups with examination.. refraction and pentacam scans..may be needed and control of vkc
BCVA 6/12 with VKC treat with colored glasses olopetadine e/d lubricant drops cold sponges avoid going out in mid day Sun light
I think patient transfer to A EYE SPECIALIST OR EYE SURGEON for better treatment and management.
Saptamruloh1tds tab almonds 5tds ghee1tsftds ghee2drops at nose night
? LAZY EYE.. NEED'S .. CORNEAL SURGEONS OPINION..
Consult to a Spl Corneal Surgeon's opinion.
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BREF REVIEW ON CORNEAL DYSTROPHIC MANEFESTTION F V K CONJUCTIVITS V K C COMMONLY KNWN AS SPRING CATARH IS BIL INTERSTIAL INLAMMATIONOF CONJUCTIVA PATIENT GETS REPEAED ATTACKS WITH ONSET OF EACH ATTACK INTENSITY OF SYMPTOMS IS LESS LL A TIME COMES WHEN PATIENT GETS COMPLETE REGRESSION F SYMPTMES THEIR IS CORNEAL INVOLEMENT WHICH IS DYSYTOPHIC AND IS NOT RE;ATED TO CONJUCTIVAL CONDITION THE CORNEAL INVOLEMENT IS IN THE FORM OF 1 S P K 2 EPETHELIAL EROSIONS 3 VASCULARISATION OF CORNEA SUPERFICIAL OR DEEP 4 DYTROPHIC MANIFESTATION IMEDIATE AND DELAYED IMMEDATE IS IN THE FORM OF PSEUDOEMRYOTOXON WHICH MIMICS A TRUE ARCUS SENALIS DELAYED PRODUCES MARKED CHANGES IN CURVATURE OF CORNEA EVEN UP TO DEGREE OF KERATOCONUS OR KERATOGLOBUS HEN WEHAVE SUPERIOR LIMBAL TRANTAS DOTS CYSTIC SPACES LIMBAL DEPRESSIONS AND PSEUDOPTERGIA VERNAL ULCERDr. Gowhar Ahmad0 Like1 Answer
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Glasses for Children: Why does a child need glasses? Children may need glasses for several reasons—some of which are different than for adults. Because a child’s visual system is growing and developing, especially during the first 5-6 years of life, glasses may play an important role in ensuring normal development of vision. The main reasons a child may need glasses are: • To provide better vision, so that a child may function better in his/her environment • To help straighten the eyes when they are crossed or misaligned (strabismus) • To help strengthen the vision of a weak eye (amblyopia or “lazy eye”). This may occur when there is a difference in prescription between the two eyes (anisometropia). For example, one eye may be normal, while the other eye may have a significant need for glasses caused by near-sightedness, far-sightedness or astigmatism. • To provide protection for one eye if the other eye has poor vision How can a child be tested for glasses, especially in infancy or early childhood? An ophthalmologist can detect the need for glasses through a complete eye exam. Typically, the pupils are dilated in order to relax the focusing muscles, so that an accurate measurement can be obtained. By using a special instrument, called a retinoscope, your eye doctor can arrive at an accurate prescription. The ophthalmologist will then advise parents whether there is a need for glasses, or whether the condition can be monitored. What are the different types of refractive errors (need for glasses) that can affect children? There are 4 basic types of refractive errors: • Myopia (near-sighted) – This is a condition where the distance vision is blurred, but a child can usually see well for reading or other near tasks. This occurs most often in school-age children, although occasionally younger children can be affected. The prescription for glasses will indicate a minus sign before the prescription (for example, -2.00). If the myopia is slight, allowing a child to sit a little closer to the front of the classroom may be an alternative. • Hyperopia (far-sighted) – Most children are far-sighted early in life (this is normal!) and need no treatment for this because they can use their own focusing muscles to provide clear vision for both distance and near vision. Glasses are rarely needed if the far-sightedness is less than +1.00 or even +2.00. When an excessive amount of far-sightedness is present, the focusing muscles may not be able to keep the vision clear. As a result of this, problems such as crossing of the eyes, blurred vision, or discomfort may develop. A prescription for hyperopia will be preceded by a plus sign (for example, +3.00). • Astigmatism – Astigmatism is caused by a difference in the surface curvature of the eye. Instead of being shaped like a perfect sphere (like a basketball), the eye is shaped with a greater curve in one axis (like a football). If your child has a significant astigmatism, fine details may look blurred or distorted. Glasses that are prescribed for astigmatism have greater strength in one direction of the lens than in the opposite direction. A prescription for astigmatism will have several numbers and will look something like this: -2.00 +2.50 X 90. • Anisometropia – Some children may have a different prescription in each eye. This can create a condition called amblyopia, where the vision in one eye does not develop normally. Glasses (and sometimes patching or eye drops) are needed to insure that each eye can see clearly. How will I ever get my child to wear glasses? That is a question most parents ask, especially when their child is an infant or toddler. The best answer is that most young children who really need glasses will wear their glasses without a problem (happily) because they do make a difference in their vision. Initially, some children may show some resistance to wearing their glasses, but it is necessary for parents to demonstrate a positive attitude. If the child does not cooperate, the doctor may prescribe eye drops in an attempt to help the child adjust to the glasses. Toddlers often may wear the glasses only when they are in a good mood and reject them (and everything else) when they are not. School age children and their parents can provide input into the decision regarding the need for glasses. Some children may have small refractive errors that do not require glasses, while others may voice concern about difficulties in the classroom. Most children who have difficulty with reading do not need glasses, but this can be determined during a complete eye exam. Does my child need bifocals? Children rarely need bifocals. Occasionally, children who have crossed eyes (esotropia) may need to have bifocals to help control the crossing. Also, children who have had cataract surgery usually need bifocals or reading glasses. Will wearing glasses make my child’s eyes worse or more dependent on them? No. In fact, the opposite may be true. If a child does not wear the glasses prescribed, normal vision development can be adversely affected. What are some things I can do to help my child adjust to glasses? Getting a good frame fit by an optician who is experienced in pediatric eyewear is of great importance. The frame should be very comfortable with the eye centered in the middle of the lens. The frame should look like it fits the child now — not one that he/she will grow into in a year.(Figures 1 and 2) Lenses made of a material called polycarbonate will provide the best protection for your child because this lens material is shatterproof. Many children’s frames have soft, comfort-cables that fit around the ears. Adding elastic bands or silicone temple tips are simple additions that can help keep glasses in the correct position on a child’s face. Most children will wear glasses well if the prescription is correct and should adjust to the glasses within two weeks. If your child continues to complain that “I can’t see in my glasses” or constantly looks over the glasses call your physician. What do I do about sports and swimming now that my child needs glasses? There are glasses specifically made for sports (recreational glasses) that are a great option. Ask your optician about prescription swim goggles. They are often not as expensive as you might think. 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