Vyadhi (Disease) Definition, Meaning And Explanation
Vyadhi means disease. In Ayurveda, the teaching starts with defining which state of our body & mind can be called “health” and which state, can be called “disease”.
Derivation and definition of the word Vyadhi :-
पुंस्याधिः मानसी व्यथा।(अमरकोश १/७/२८)
Pumsyaadhihi maanasee vyathaa (Ref – Amarakosha 1/7/28)
That which produces dukha or grief (pain) is called aadhi. Aadhi is a term which generally denotes mental pain or grief.
विविधं दुःखं आदधाति इति व्याधिः।(च.चि.१/५)
Vividham dukham aadadhaati iti vyaadhihi (Ref – Charaka Chikitsa 1/5)
That which brings about various forms of aadhi (grief or pain) or dukha is called Vyadhi
विशेषेण आधीयते अभिनिवेश्यते प्रतीकाराय मनो अनेन इति व्याधिः।(शब्दस्तोममहानिधि)
Visheshena aadheeyate abhiniveshyate prateekaaraaya mano anena iti vyaadhihi (Ref – Shabdastomamahaanidhi)
Vyadhi is that entity to get rid of which the mind is constantly indulged and putting efforts (i.e. the mind is always trying to get rid of the grief or pain in the body and mind and establish a state of health)
विविधं दुःखं आदधाति शरीरे मनसि च इति व्याधिः।(अरुणदत्त)
Vividham dukham aadadhaati shareere manasi iti vyaadhihi (Ref – Arunadatta)
That which causes many types of pain and grief in both body and mind is called vyadhi. This seems to be a complete and comprehensive definition of Vyadhi which covers both body and mind indulgence in the manifestation of a disease.
तद् दुःख संयोगा व्याधय उच्यन्ते।(सु.सू.१/२३)
दुःखं काय वाक् मानसी पीडा, विविधं दुःखं आदधाति इति व्याधिः।(डल्हन)
Tad dukha samyogaa vyaadhaya uchyante (Ref – Sushruta Sutra 1/23)
Dukham kaaya vaak maanasee peedaa, vividham dukham aadadhaati iti vyaadhihi (Dalhana)
The association of Karma Purusha or Chikitsya Purusha (the human being who is a subject of treatment) with dukha (pain or grief) is called Vyadhi. The dukha which afflicts the purusha is in the form of either of kaya (physical), vaak (speech) or manasa (mental) pains. This means to tell that the pain or grief can be manifested at the body, speech and or mental level. Vyadhi is that which causes grief or pain of different forms.
To put in simple words, Vyadhi is that which causes various types of pain or grief at one or the other of the physical, speech or mental levels after afflicting the Chikitsa Purusha.
तस्य पुरुषस्य दुःखाय संयोगो येषां आगन्तु प्रभृतीनां ते व्याधयः।(डल्हण, सु.सू.१/२३)
Tasya purushasya dukhaaya samyogo yeshaam aagantu prabhruteenaam te vyaadhayaha (Ref – Dalhana commentary on Sushruta Sutra 1/23)
Painful association of the human being with different types of various types of diseases including physical, mental, traumatic, infectious and natural diseases is called Vyadhi
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@#cap Admin Ayurveda