Hello ma'am, nice IEC material. However, it's incomplete pic not showing full pic. It's not reflecting effects on reproductive system. Smoking cause infertility, impotence, erectile dysfunction in males. Miscarriage, pre term delivery, LBW foetus among females. Beside this tobacco affects other dimension of HEALTH (MENTAL and SOCIAL). The full detailing of these is difficult on this platform. As public health dentist I like to suggest why we professional start the campaign against cessation of tobacco consumption and make the environment tobacco free!! Regards Ma'am...
wonderful picture which explains all the important diseases due to smoking madam. ...wonderful picture madam. .Thanks a lot
Very easy to explain pt who is a chronic smoker. Useful for putting in Hospitals also. Thanks mam.
Wonderful picture presentation of tobacco smoking side effect mam :-)
Thanks Mam for such an informative poster.
Thanks, Tirumala devi, for nice info.
NTT prevents NCD. .ie tabbaco. ...
Thanks for fine information madam
very useful and informative
Thanks Mam for nice post..
Cases that would interest you
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Friends today I am discussing about a serious hormone imbalance in males. Sexual hormone imbalance in Males Hypogonadism Hypogonadism refers to the decreased production of testosterone. This can result from the pituitary gland (master gland in the brain for hormone production) not stimulating the testicles to make testosterone or the failure of the testicles to produce adequate testosterone. When testosterone levels are low, men can experience decreased libido (sex drive), erectile dysfunction, decreased energy, decreased muscle mass and thinning of the bones. Testicle size may also decrease and sperm count decrease. Blood testing is done to diagnose hypogonadism and determine the cause. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) of the pituitary or testicular biopsy may be needed in some cases. Testosterone when low can be replaced by injection, patches or topical gels. Erectile Dysfunction (ED) Erectile dysfunction is the inability to acquire or maintain an erection that is satisfactory for sexual intercourse. This may also be referred to as impotence. Any medical condition which can decrease blood flow to the penis may result in ED. Common causes of ED are smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, alcohol and depression. Additionally, some prescription medications can also cause ED. A physical exam as well as history and blood tests can help determine the cause of the ED. When ED is caused by Hypogonadism then testosterone replacement therapy may be prescribed. Testosterone can be given in patches, gel or injections. For other causes of ED prescription medications may be tried. There are also vacuum erection devices, penile injections or penile prostheses which may be recommended. To learn more about ED visit the Glickman Urological Institute. Gynecomastia The increase in breast tissue in a man is referred to as gynecomastia. This can occur during puberty and resolve on its own. Gynecomastia can also be due to medications, hypogonadism, thyroid disease, malnutrition, testicular cancers, adrenal cancers, liver disease or kidney disease. The cause of the gynecomastia is usually determined by physical exam, history and blood tests. Additional testing may include testicular. हार्मोन का मानव शरीर की वृद्धि और विकास में अहम किरदार होता है। इनका हमारे जीवन पर गहरा प्रभाव होता है। स्त्री हो या पुरुष दोनों में हार्मोन न सिर्फ शरीर की वृद्धि और विकास को प्रभावित करते हैं, बल्कि शरीर के सभी तंत्रों की गतिविधियों को भी नियंत्रित करते हैं। लेकिन जब ये हार्मोन्स असंतुलन हो जाते हैं तो शरीर की कार्यप्रणाली में गड़बड़ी आ जाती है और दिक्कतें शुरू होने लगती हैं। आइये जानें की पुरुषों में हार्मोन असंतुलन क्या है और इसे कैसे रोका जाए। क्या हैं हार्मोन दरअसल हार्मोन किसी कोशिका या ग्रंथि द्वारा स्त्रावित होने वाले वे रसायन होते हैं जो शरीर के दूसरे हिस्से में स्थित कोशिकाओं को भी प्रभावित करते हैं। शरीर के मेटाबॉलिज्म और इम्यून सिस्टम पर हार्मोन का सीधा प्रभाव होता है। ‘हमारे शरीर में कुल 230 हार्मोन होते हैं, जो शरीर की भिन्न-भिन्न क्रियाओं को नियंत्रित करते हैं। हार्मोन में थोड़ा सा बदलाव ही मेटाबॉलिज्म को प्रभावित करने के लिए काफी होती है। ये एक कैमिकल मैसेंजर की तरह एक कोशिका से दूसरी कोशिका तक संकेत पहुंचाते हैं। हर्मोन असंतुलन के कारण और प्रभाव हर्मोन असंतुलन के कई कारण हो सकते हैं जैसे, गड़बड़ जीवनशैली, पोषण की कमी, व्यायाम न करना, गलत डायट, अधिक तनाव या उम्र आदि। अक्सर खराब खान पान और एक्सरसाइज न करने आदि से हर्मोन असंतुलन हो जाता है। महिलाओं और पुरुषों दोनों में हार्मोन असंतुलन के अलग अलग प्रभाव होते हैं। जब जीवनशैली और खानपान में गड़बड़ी के कारण हार्मोन के स्त्राव में असंतुलन आने लगता है तो तरह-तरह की बीमारियां घेरने लग जाती हैं। हार्मोन असंतुलन केवल महिलाओं को प्रभावित नहीं करता, ये पुरुषों को भी प्रभावित करता है। एस्ट्रोजन, प्रोजेस्टेरोन और प्रोलैक्टिन हार्मोन पुरुषों के शरीर में भी उत्पादित होते हैं। इन सभी हार्मोन में टेस्टोस्टेरोन पुरुषों के शरीर में मौजूद सबसे महत्वपूर्ण हार्मोन, में से एक है। शरीर के समुचित कार्य को ठीक रखने के क्रम में टेस्टोस्टेरोन का स्तर बनाए रखना जरूरी होता है। हार्मोन असंतुलन का शरीर पर प्रभाव हार्मोन असंतुलन के कारण स्वास्थ्य संबंधी सामान्य समस्याएं जैसे मुहांसे, चेहरे और शरीर पर अधिक बालों का उगना, समय से पहले उम्र बढ़ने के लक्षण नजर आना व सेक्स के प्रति अनिच्छा जैसी समस्याओं का सामना करना पड़ सकता है। खासतौर पर जब पुरुषों में जब हार्मोन असंतुलन होता है तब उनमें चिड़चिड़ापन, स्पर्म कम बनना और सेक्स की चाह कम हो जाती है। लेकिन हार्मोन असंतुलन को सतुंलित करने के लिये कई तरीके अपनाए जा सकते हैं, जैसे दवाइयां, योग, व्यायाम और पौष्टिक आहार का सेवन करना आदि। पुरुषों में हार्मोन असंतुलन को ठीक करने के तरीके जीवन शैली में परिवर्तन जीवन शैली में साधारण परिवर्तन के साथ पुरुष अपने शरीर में हार्मोन के असंतुलन को नियंत्रित कर सकते हैं। जैसे ताजा सब्जियों और फलों का नियमित सेवन व कैफीनयुक्त पेय में कटौती आदि। सोयाबीन पदार्थों का सेवन कम करें सोयाबीन और सोया आधारित उत्पादों का सवन कम से कम करें। पुरुषों को अतिरिक्त एस्ट्रोजन की मात्रा की जरूरत नहीं होती है। सोयाबीन फाइटोस्ट्रोजिन्स के बड़े स्रोतों में से एक है। एस्ट्रोजन और फाइटोस्ट्रोजिन्स की सेलुलर संरचना समान है। इसलिए, पुरुषों को अतिरिक्त मात्रा में इस प्रोटीन नहीं लेना चाहिए। बल्कि इसके बजाए आप अंडे का सफेद भाग और कम वसा वाले डेयरी उत्पादों पर अधिक भरोसा कर सकते हैं। पर्याप्त नींद लें अच्छी रात की नींद शरीर के समग्र स्वास्थ्य के लिए आवश्यक होती है। रोज पर्याप्त नींद लेने से मस्तिष्क और अधिवृक्क ग्रंथियों के माध्यम से हार्मोन संतुलित ठीक होता है। तो, हमेशा बहुत सारी समस्याओं का कम से कम करने के लिए प्रति दिन आठ घंटे सोने का लक्ष्य बनाएं। एक्सरसाइज करें अतिरिक्त मांसपेशियों और पुरुषों की शारीरिक उच्च शक्ति का संबंध उनके शरीर में टेस्टोस्टेरोन की उच्च राशि से होता है। यदि आप मांसपेशियों में कमजोर या शरीर को असमर्थ महसूस कर रहे हैं तो आपको एक्सरसाइज कर इस समस्या से उबरने में मदद मिलेगी। इसलिए हफ्में में कम से कम चार दिन जम कर एक्सरसाइज करें। कैसा और क्या आहार लें नारियल का तेल खाएं। इसके प्रयोग से शरीर में हार्मोन बैलेंस होने लगता है। पानी पियें, इससे शरीर हाईड्रेट रहता है और उसका स्ट्रेस लेवल भी कम होता है। मेवों में बहुत सारा प्रोटीन होता है। प्रोटीन डायट हार्मोन की गड़बड़ी से ग्रस्थ पुरुष और महिला दोनों के लिये अच्छी होती है। साथ ही हरी साग-सब्जी और बींस और लहसुन खाएं, इनमें बहुत सारा कार्बोहाइड्रेट और फाइबर होता है जो हार्मोन असंतुलन को ठीक करने में मददगार होता है। मांस खाते हैं तो मछली खाएं। अपने आहार में सीफूड भी शामिल करें, टूना फिश मे बहुत सारा ओमेगा 3 फैटी एसिड होता है जो कि शरीर में हार्मोन को बैलेंस करता है। Homeopathy treatment works as a boon for all those suffering from infertility. It uses natural remedies which are safe and side effects free. These remedies go down to the roots of the problem and correct them. homeopathy treatment based on the symptoms and severity of the condition and also based on the theory of individualization. These remedies not just regularizes hormone secretion but also eliminates the risk of several complications associated with this condition and improves overall health and wellbeing.Dr. Rajesh Gupta4 Likes4 Answers
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Friends today I am discussing about Male infertility. Many infertile couples have more than one cause of infertility, so it's likely you will both need to see a doctor. It might take a number of tests to determine the cause of infertility. In some cases, a cause is never identified. Infertility tests can be expensive and might not be covered by insurance — find out what your medical plan covers ahead of time. Diagnosing male infertility problems usually involves: General physical examination and medical history. This includes examining your genitals and asking questions about any inherited conditions, chronic health problems, illnesses, injuries or surgeries that could affect fertility. Your doctor might also ask about your sexual habits and about your sexual development during puberty. Semen analysis. Semen samples can be obtained in a couple of different ways. You can provide a sample by masturbating and ejaculating into a special container at the doctor's office. Because of religious or cultural beliefs, some men prefer an alternative method of semen collection. In such cases, semen can be collected by using a special condom during intercourse. Your semen is then sent to a laboratory to measure the number of sperm present and look for any abnormalities in the shape (morphology) and movement (motility) of the sperm. The lab will also check your semen for signs of problems such as infections. Often sperm counts fluctuate significantly from one specimen to the next. In most cases, several semen analysis tests are done over a period of time to ensure accurate results. If your sperm analysis is normal, your doctor will likely recommend thorough testing of your female partner before conducting any more male infertility tests. Scrotal ultrasound. This test uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images inside your body. A scrotal ultrasound can help your doctor see if there is a varicocele or other problems in the testicles and supporting structures. Hormone testing. Hormones produced by the pituitary gland, hypothalamus and testicles play a key role in sexual development and sperm production. Abnormalities in other hormonal or organ systems also might contribute to infertility. A blood test measures the level of testosterone and other hormones. Post-ejaculation urinalysis. Sperm in your urine can indicate your sperm are traveling backward into the bladder instead of out your penis during ejaculation (retrograde ejaculation). Genetic tests. When sperm concentration is extremely low, there could be a genetic cause. A blood test can reveal whether there are subtle changes in the Y chromosome — signs of a genetic abnormality. Genetic testing might be ordered to diagnose various congenital or inherited syndromes. Testicular biopsy. This test involves removing samples from the testicle with a needle. If the results of the testicular biopsy show that sperm production is normal, your problem is likely caused by a blockage or another problem with sperm transport. Specialized sperm function tests. A number of tests can be used to check how well your sperm survive after ejaculation, how well they can penetrate an egg and whether there's any problem attaching to the egg. Generally, these tests are rarely performed and often do not significantly change recommendations for treatment. Transrectal ultrasound. A small, lubricated wand is inserted into your rectum. It allows your doctor to check your prostate and look for blockages of the tubes that carry semen (ejaculatory ducts and seminal vesicles). Treatment Often, an exact cause of infertility can't be identified. Even if an exact cause isn't clear, your doctor might be able to recommend treatments or procedures that will result in conception. In cases of infertility, the female partner also is recommended to be checked. This can help to determine if she will require any specific treatments or if proceeding with assisted reproductive techniques is appropriate. Treatments for male infertility include: Surgery. For example, a varicocele can often be surgically corrected or an obstructed vas deferens repaired. Prior vasectomies can be reversed. In cases where no sperm are present in the ejaculate, sperm can often be retrieved directly from the testicles or epididymis using sperm-retrieval techniques. Treating infections. Antibiotic treatment might cure an infection of the reproductive tract, but doesn't always restore fertility. Treatments for sexual intercourse problems. Medication or counseling can help improve fertility in conditions such as erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation. Hormone treatments and medications. Your doctor might recommend hormone replacement or medications in cases where infertility is caused by high or low levels of certain hormones or problems with the way the body uses hormones. Assisted reproductive technology (ART). ART treatments involve obtaining sperm through normal ejaculation, surgical extraction or from donor individuals, depending on your specific case and wishes. The sperm are then inserted into the female genital tract, or used to perform in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection. When treatment doesn't work In rare cases, male fertility problems can't be treated, and it's impossible for a man to father a child. Your doctor might suggest that you and your partner consider using sperm from a donor or adopting a child. Lifestyle and home remedies There are a few steps you can take at home to increase your chances of achieving pregnancy: Increase frequency of sex. Having sexual intercourse every day or every other day beginning at least four days before ovulation increases your chances of getting your partner pregnant. Have sex when fertilization is possible. A woman is likely to become pregnant during ovulation — which occurs in the middle of the menstrual cycle, between periods. This will ensure that sperm, which can live several days, are present when conception is possible. Avoid the use of lubricants. Products such as Astroglide or K-Y jelly, lotions, and saliva might impair sperm movement and function. Ask your doctor about sperm-safe lubricants. Alternative medicine Evidence is still limited on whether — or how much — herbs or supplements might help increase male fertility. None of these supplements treats a specific underlying cause of infertility, such as a sperm duct defect or chromosomal disorder. Some supplements might help only if you have a deficiency. Supplements with studies showing potential benefits on improving sperm count or quality include: Black seed (nigella sativa) Coenzyme Q10 Folic acid Horse chestnut (aescin) L-carnitine Panax ginseng Zinc Talk with your doctor before taking dietary supplements to review the risks and benefits of this therapy, as some supplements taken in high doses (megadoses) or for extended periods of time might be harmful. Coping and support Coping with infertility can be difficult. It's an issue of the unknown — you can't predict how long it will last or what the outcome will be. Infertility isn't necessarily solved with hard work. The emotional burden on a couple is considerable, and plans for coping can help. Planning for emotional turmoil Set limits. Decide in advance how many and what kind of procedures are emotionally and financially acceptable for you and your partner, and determine a final limit. Fertility treatments can be expensive and often aren't covered by insurance. A successful pregnancy often depends on repeated attempts. Some couples become so focused on treatment that they continue with fertility procedures until they are emotionally and financially drained. Consider other options. Determine alternatives — adoption or donor sperm or egg — as early as possible in the fertility process. This can reduce anxiety during treatments and feelings of hopelessness if conception doesn't occur. Talk about your feelings. Locate support groups or counseling services for help before and after treatment to help endure the process and ease the grief if treatment fails. Managing emotional stress during treatment Practice stress-reduction techniques. Examples include yoga, meditation and massage therapy. Consider going to counseling. Counseling such as cognitive behavioral therapy, which uses methods that include relaxation training and stress management, might help relieve stress. Express yourself. Reach out to others rather than holding in feelings of guilt or anger. Stay in touch with loved ones. Talking to your partner, family and friends can be helpful. Best Homeopathic Medicines for Oligospermia Many homeopathic remedies have been known to cure Low sperm Count. Some of these are; Agnus Castus: Sexual melancholy. Fear of death. Sadness with impression of speedy death. Absentminded, forgetful, lack of courage. Illusion of smell-herrings, musk. Nervous depression and mental forebodings. Yellow discharge from urethra. No erections. Impotence. Parts cold, relaxed. Desire gone (Selen; Con; Sabal). Scanty emission without ejaculation. Loss of prostatic fluid on straining. Gleety discharge. Testicles, cold, swollen, hard, and painful. Anacardium Orientalis: Fixed ideas. Hallucinations; thinks he is possessed of two persons or wills. Anxiety when walking, as if pursued. Profound melancholy and hypochondriasis, with tendency to use violent language. Brain-fag. Impaired memory. Absent mindedness. Very easily offended. Malicious; seems bent on wickedness. Lack of confidence in himself or others. Suspicious (Hyos). Clairaudient, hears voices far away or of the dead. Senile dementia. Absence of all moral restraint. Voluptuous itching; increased desire; seminal emissions without dreams. Prostatic discharge during stool. Argentum Nitricum: The patient is intellectual strong, patient complaint of memory loss, along with disturbed sense of reasoning. Patient is involved in foolish task, with strange conclusions. Patient experience strange illusions and hallucinations. His mind is full of useless and troublesome thoughts specially at night time, which makes him very anxious. Due to anxiety patients keeps on walking.Melancholia.Weak of memory, It seems time passes very slowly. Dulness of head, mental confusion ; dizziness ; tendency to fall sideways. Caladium: Patient is unable to remember things, he is very forgetful with vague mind. Due to absentmindedness, he keep on searching different things. Concentration is very less due to which he is unable to put his ideas into speech. He has high desire for sex with relaxation of his organ. A state of total impotency. During intimacy there is urethral discharge. at times impotency is due to mental suppression. Severe itching on testcles. Conium Mac: Mental state is full of hysteria with the nervousness. Patient complaint of weakness of muscles with trembling. Patient has very high desire for sex, but due to impotency he is not able to perform. Patient complaints of semen loss during sleep with or without dreams. Ejaculation is very painful- as if cutting with a knife due to acrid semen. Swelling and hardness Lycopodium: There is great desire to be alone. Despondent. Mentally and physically patient is very tired with complaint of chronic fatigue, with great aversion to his work. He is very forgetful, with dread of public appearance. Great Sensitivity, patient cries even when thanked. It is one of the most used medicines for impotency. Genital organ are feeble due to low vitality. Patient marries to live a normal life, but after marriage he finds he is sexually impotent without erections or very weak and short erections as if he is not a man. There is history of gonorrhoeal discharge with warts on male genitals. Patient is not trustworthy; he is very suspicious and find fault in every task. Patient is very timid with low self-confidence.Dr. Rajesh Gupta5 Likes5 Answers
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Causes and Symptoms of Hypopituitarism The pituitary gland is a small, pea-sized attached to the base of the brain. It controls growth, functioning and development of other hormonal glands. Deficit of one or more pituitary hormones is a state of Hypopituitarism. This clinical term is used by endocrinologists to mean that one or more pituitary glands are deficient. In hypopituitarism, the pituitary gland does not produce the normal amounts of hormones. Causes- Hypopituitarism has the following causes Brain tumours Sarcoidosis (A lung disorder) Tumours in the pituitary gland Hemochromatosis (Too much iron in the body) Tumours in hypothalamus (Controls the production of hormones) Histiocytosis X (A rare autoimmune disease where the immune cells damage the organs) Tuberculosis Stroke Sheehan syndrome (Excessive blood loss during childbirth) Lymphocytic hypophysitis (An inflammation in the pituitary gland) Radiation treatments like chemotherapy Symptoms- Symptoms depend on which hormones is not being produced. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACH): Lack of ACH affects the adrenal glands (endocrine glands producing hormones) and cortisol (steroid hormone). Symptoms include Fatigue Low sodium levels Loss of weight Pale skin Thyroid-stimulating Hormone (TSH): Deficient TSH mostly affects the thyroid (produces growth-regulating hormones) gland. The symptoms are Fatigue Weight gain Skin dryness Sensitivity to cold Constipation Luteinizing hormone (LH): Low luteinizing hormone in women affects their ovaries and ovulation. Symptoms include- irregular periods loss of libido infertility In men, lack of LH affects their testes and sperm production. Symptoms include- loss of libido erectile dysfunction impotence infertility. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH): This hormone affects men and women the same way the luteinizing hormone does. Thus the symptoms are the same. Growth Hormone: In children, the growth hormone affects their bone, fat and muscle. They have the following symptoms Lack of height Increase in body fat Abnormal peak bone mass (bone tissue present after the skeleton matures) In adults, the whole body is affected. Body fat increases while muscle and bone mass decreases. Prolactin: Prolactin deficiency only affects women. The prolactin hormone gets the production of milk started after childbirth. Lack of prolactin thus affects breastfeeding. Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH): The kidneys are affected by lack of ADH. Symptoms include Diluted urine Frequent urination Feeling excess thirst Oxytocin: Lactation and childbirth are affected by lack of oxytocin. Regards Dr SunilDr. Sunil Kumar5 Likes4 Answers
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Identify the medicinal plant and share your experience......Dr. Hemant Adhikari7 Likes18 Answers
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ABC OF : MALE INFERTILITY. ( I ). MAY BE USEFUL. ** Reproduction (or making a baby) is a simple and natural experience for most couples. However, for some couples it is very difficult to conceive. ** A man’s fertility generally relies on the quantity and quality of his sperm. If the number of sperm a man ejaculates is low or if the sperm are of a poor quality, it will be difficult, and sometimes impossible, for him to cause a pregnancy. ** Male infertility is diagnosed when, after testing both partners, reproductive problems have been found in the male. KNOWN CAUSES OF MALE INFERTILITY :- 1. SPERM PRODUCTION PROBLEMS : • Chromosomal or genetic causes • Undescended testes (failure of the testes to descend at birth) • Infections • Torsion (twisting of the testis in scrotum) • Varicocele (varicose veins of the testes) • Medicines and chemicals • Radiation damage • Unknown cause 2. BLOCKAGE OF SPERM TRANSPORT : • Infections • Prostate-related problems • Absence of vas deferens • Vasectomy 3. SEXUAL PROBLEMS (ERECTION and EJACULATION problems) : • Retrograde and premature ejaculation • Failure of ejaculation • Erectile dysfunction • Infrequent intercourse • Spinal cord injury • Prostate surgery • Damage to nerves • Some medicines 4. HORMONAL PROBLEMS : • Pituitary tumours • Congenital lack of LH/FSH (pituitary problem from birth) • Anabolic (androgenic) steroid abuse 5. SPERM ANTIBODIES : • Vasectomy • Injury or infection in the epididymis • Unknown causeDr. Puranjoy Saha24 Likes20 Answers