Nice informative update.
Dr.Thanks. The condition will never improve if there are vit min deficiencies. Please Rx a course before Rx homeo.
Very good appreciated update about Alopecia areata. This update helpful for treating every case of alopecia areata with D/D .Thank you Doctor.
Informative post sir
Nice post doctor.
Cases that would interest you
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Alopecia areata, also known as spot baldness, is an autoimmune disease in which hair is lost from some or all areas of the body. Usually, the hair loss occurs from the scalp due to the body’s failure to recognize its own body cells and subsequent destruction of its own tissue as if it were an invader. It usually causes small, coin-sized, round patches of baldness on the scalp, although hair elsewhere such as the beard, eyebrows, eyelashes, body, and limbs can be affected. Occasionally it can involve the whole scalp (alopecia totalis) or even the entire body and scalp (alopecia universalis). It is not possible to predict how much hair will be lost. Regrowth of hair in typical alopecia areata is usually over a period of months or sometimes years, but cannot be guaranteed. The hair sometimes regrows white, at least in the first instance. Further hair loss is not uncommon. In alopecia totalis and alopecia universalis, the likelihood of total regrowth is less. Epidemiology Androgenic alopecia is the most common cause of hair loss in males. The overall incidence in Caucasian men may be as high as 96% or more, but the exact prevalence is unknown. Estimates should include the ages for which the estimate has been generated and the degree of hair loss. Caucasian men aged 20 to 40 years have bitemporal recession in 62% of cases. In men aged 18 to 49 years, the incidence of hair loss measured as type III or greater on the well-accepted Hamilton-Norwood hair loss rating scale is estimated to be at least 42%. Within the ages 40 to 49 years, however, 53% are estimated to have moderate-to-extensive hair loss. Types Alopecia areata (patchy) Alopecia areata (patchy) is the form with one or more coin-sized (usually round or oval) patches on the scalp or other places on the body that grow hair. This type may convert into either alopecia totalis (hair loss across the entire scalp) or alopecia universalis (hair loss across the entire body), but most commonly it remains patchy. Persistent patchy alopecia areata Persistent patchy alopecia areata is characterized by patchy scalp hair loss that continues over a long period of time without ever developing into extensive alopecia areata such as totalis or universalis. Alopecia totalis Alopecia totalis results in hair loss across the entire scalp. Alopecia universalis Alopecia universalis is more advanced than alopecia totalis. This type results in hair loss across the entire scalp and face (including eyebrows and eyelashes), plus the rest of the body (including pubic hair). Other forms of alopecia areata Diffuse alopecia areata Diffuse alopecia areata results in sudden and unexpected thinning of the hair all over the scalp. It can be hard to diagnose because it looks a lot like other forms of hair loss such as telogen effluvium or male or female pattern hair loss. Ophiasis alopecia Ophiasis alopecia areata has a unique pattern of hair loss, which includes the sides and lower back of the scalp (called the occipital region) in the shape of a band. Ophiasis alopecia areata can be more difficult to treat because it does not respond as quickly to medication. Risk factors Genetics: If your parents have the history of alopecia or any atopic disorder, you are at a high risk of suffering from Alopecia Areata. The family history of autoimmune disorders like SLE, RA, etc. also elevate the risk of developing Alopecia during your lifetime. Hair care and styling: Use of the harsh chemical through shampoos, hair coloring products or hair styling habits like using hair dryers can also increase the likelihood of Alopecia since these are found to be stressful to your hair & scalp. Stress: Any exposure to unusual stressful factors like extreme weather conditions, etc. Emotional stress leading to use of anti-depressants or other medication increase the probability of getting Alopecia disorder. Vaccination: Sometimes, particularly in children Alopecia is seen to develop post vaccination. Viral infections: Viral infections can trigger alopecia areata. Vit D deficiency: A study confirms that individuals with low levels of Vit D are at high risk of developing alopecia. Causes So tiny cells in the immune system, called T cells, gather around the base of a hair follicle and try to kill it. This causes the hair to fall out. But at some point, the immune attack must come to an end and the hair grows back. Alopecia areata can be triggered by a recent illness, like a viral infection, or by taking certain medications for other medical conditions. Some people can link the onset of their alopecia to a stressful life event, but many can’t. Sometimes it seems to run in families and it has been known to come on in twins at the same time. More often than not, no cause is found at all. If you have alopecia areata you also have a slightly higher-than-average chance of developing other autoimmune diseases such as thyroid disorders, pernicious anemia and vitiligo. Your doctor may wish to check for these if there are any signs of them along with the hair loss. Symptoms There are different Alopecia causes, but there are certain common signs and symptoms which can lead you to find an Alopecia Areata cure. Sudden loss of hair is defined, usually small round patches in the beginning. Coin-sized patches of hair begin to fall. Excessive hair-fall even on touch, or clumps of hair left on the pillow or in the shower. Bald patches spread rapidly, and hair growth may be affected in other body areas including eyelashes and beard, for example. A burning sensation or crawling sensation or itching on the scalp or the body area before hair loss. Chronic or extensive alopecia sometimes can be associated with pitting of nails. Complications Alopecia areata patients are at risk for psychosocial consequences of their disease, such as depression and anxiety. They should be assessed for atopy, vitiligo, thyroid disease, and other autoimmune conditions. Diagnosis and test Generally, dermatologist treats alopecia areata. They are doctors who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of problems related to skin, its structure, functions, and diseases, as well as its peripheral (nails, hair, sweat glands). Hair loss alone should not be considered to diagnose alopecia areata. There are other types of diseases as well that might cause hair to fall out similar to alopecia areata The typical diagnosis procedure includes Hair analysis and Blood tests Hair analysis Doctors might examine a few hair samples using a microscope Doctors might also perform a scalp biopsy to ensure that hair loss is not due to other conditions including fungal infections As part of scalp biopsy, doctors might even remove a small piece of skin on the scalp for a more detailed analysis Blood tests If other autoimmune conditions are suspected for hair, then doctors might suggest blood tests to be done Doctors would like to test for the presence of one or more abnormal antibodies because if these autoantibodies are found in the blood, it confirms that there is an autoimmune disorder in the body There are other blood tests that can be of help to rule out hair loss due to other conditions like the antinuclear antibody test, testing the iron levels and thyroid hormones test Treatment and medications There is not yet any reliable cure for alopecia areata and other forms of autoimmune hair loss. Because spontaneous regrowth is common in alopecia areata, and research has often been of poor quality, the effectiveness of reported treatments is mostly unknown. Topical treatments Several topical treatments used for alopecia areata are reported to result in temporary improvement in some people. Their role and efficacy are unknown. The hair may fall out when they are stopped. These include: Potent or ultrapotent topical steroids Minoxidil solution or foam Dithranol (anthralin) ointment Intralesional corticosteroid injections Injections of triamcinolone acetonide 2.5–10 mg/ml into patchy scalp, beard or eyebrow alopecia areata may speed up regrowth of hair. Its effect is temporary. If bald patches reappear, they can be reinjected. Systemic corticosteroids Oral and pulse intravenous steroids in high dose can lead to temporary regrowth of hair. Most physicians agree that long-term systemic steroid treatment is not justified because of potential and actual adverse effects. Immunotherapy The sensitizing agent’s diphenylcyclopropenone (diphencyprone) and dinitrochlorobenzene provoke contact allergic dermatitis in treated areas. These sensitizers can be reapplied once weekly to bald areas on the scalp. The resultant dermatitis is irritating and may be unsightly. It is often accompanied by a swollen lymph gland. Other treatments A combination of the lipid-lowering agent’s simvastatin and ezetimibe (which have immunomodulating effects) has been reported to be effective. There is no convincing data to support the use of methotrexate, sulfasalazine, azathioprine, ciclosporin or phototherapy. JAK inhibitors Several patients with severe alopecia areata have had improvement when treated with oral tofacitinib or oral ruxolitinib, which are Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors. It is thought they may act by blocking interleukin (IL)-15 signaling. Watch out for the results of clinical trials of these biologic medicines. Prevention The condition cannot be prevented or avoided. The cause is unknown and varies by person. Alopecia areata is not tied to stress, as some people believe. Some people have a family history of alopecia areata. Having a family member with alopecia areata and another immune system disease can raise your risk of having it. Other immune system diseases include type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid disease, lupus, Addison’s disease, and atopic dermatitis. It is rare for a parent to pass the condition onto a child.Dr. Nitin Kanholkar2 Likes5 Answers
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30 yr male.no h/0 DM . patch since 3 month. diagnosis and treatment pleasDr. Anilkumar Dange2 Likes22 Answers
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Alopecia Areata (Indralupta): A case successfully treated3 with Ayurvedic Management A 32 yrs old married female was presented with history of patchy hair loss on scalp, with mild itching over affected area and gradual increment since 4 years. There was no personal history of autoimmune disorders (like Atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, Vitiligo, Asthma, Urticaria, Rheumatoid arthritis, Thyroiditis) or family history in first degree relation suggestive of these disorders.There was no personal history of recurrent patchy skin lesion either on scalp or on other body parts, major psychological disorder, or history of treatment from psychiatrist, endocrinal disorder (Diabetes), hair plucking habit, local recurrent friction or trauma or surgery, prolonged medicinal treatment before appearance of lesions. There were patchy hair loss measuring about 4x6 cm and 2x2 cm on left temporal region and occipital region respectively. There was mild dryness over patches with extremely sparse, few white and black hairs along with blackish spots. Scaling was observed on the rest area of scalp indicative of dandruff. The patient had taken the Allopathy treatment for two years and did not found control over the disease. The patient was prescribed medicines(in ayurveda centre) Manjishthadi Kwatha 20 ml twice a day, empty stomach in morning andbefore dinner was prescribed. Combination of Arogyavardhinirasa.Saptamrut Lauha,Guduchi Churna,Amalaki nd Vidanga [was prescribed twice a day along with honey before meal. Externally, Gunjabeeja Lepa was advised to be prepared at home by the patient by soaking Gunjabeeja in curd for a night and then triturating it .Then it was advised to rub over the affected part with application of the Lepa for five to ten minutes along with any liquid. Gunjaditaila was prescribed for local application after removal of Lepa. All the possible pathological factors involved in the disease were strictly stopped. Patient was allowed to visit after every 15 days as she was coming from distant city. On second visit (after 15th day), patient complained of itching and burning after application of Gunjadilepa. Redness in scalp was observed. Patient was prescribed Yashtimadhu Churna for local application along with ghrita at the time of severe itching. On third visit (after a month), no improvement was observed on the patches but dandruff was decreased. Preliminary some brownish and some whitish thin hairs appeared in some part of the bald patches [on forth visit (45th day)], then small brownish black hairs grown [on fifth visit (60th day)] and finally blackish hairs started to grow [on seventh visit (90th day)]. Both the patches were completely filled up with small hairs after four month of the treatment. Gunjadilepa was stopped then and only Gunjaditaila was continued. Spots over patches were reduced in 3rd visit and were invisible after 8th visit. The hairs on the patches gradually grown longer and after ten months, they grown as sufficient and similar as that of neighbouring area. Patient was followed every two months then after for period of two years. No recurrence was observed during this period. Reference of roga in samhita: Acharya Charaka mentions that Tejas by involving VatadiDosha when reaches the scalp, it results in Khalitya (Indralupta).According to Acharya Sushruta, Pitta along with Vata by involving the roots of hair (Romakoopa) causes fall of hair and thereafter Shleshma along with Shonita obstructs the channel of Romakoopa leading to the stoppage of the regeneration of hair and this condition is known as Indralupta, Khalitya or Ruhya.Thus Vata, Pitta and Kapha Dosha and Rakta Dushya are the main internal causative factors of Indralupta. Charaka in Vimanasthana, while describing the disorders occurring due to over indulgence in Kshara, Lavana and Viruddha Ahara has mentioned the occurrence of Hair Loss as a consequence. It has been mentioned that the Viruddha Ahara like, simultaneous intake of Lavana with milk in the diet induces Indralupta, as observed in the people of Saurashtra and Bahlika. Thus, it can be said that a person habituated to excessive Lavana or Kshara intake and taking Viruddha Ahara in routine is prone to have Indralupta.Mithya Ahara and Vihara Manoabhighata like mental stress, fright, anger, shock etc. may collectively increase the Pitta and Vata Dosha. The Ushna and Tikshna properties of Pitta get augmented whereas the Vata suffers an aggravation in Ruksha, Khara and Chala properties. Here an aggravated Pitta (Bhrajaka Pitta) supported by the vitiated Dehoshma burns the Keshabhoomi whereas an increased Vata gives rise to more frequent and comparatively prolonged ShiraSankocha by its Ruksha and Khara Guna. The Snigdhatva and the Pichchhilatva of the normal Kapha Dosha is prevalent throughout the pores of the skin so as to keep it soft and moist. By the augmentation of the Ushna, Tikshna, Ruksha and Khara properties of Pitta and Vata Doshas respectively, the Sneha and the Pichchhilatva of the Kapha Dosha are dried up within the pores of the skin of the scalp thus, obstructing the growth of new hairs, causing Indralupta. Prescribed drugs discussion: Manjisthadikashaya pacifies vitiation of kapha and pitta humours. However, it is formulated such a way that it can be effective in all types of diseases cause by all three dosha. It is mainly blood purifier. It detoxifies blood and aids to eliminate toxins accumulated in the body. It increases skin glow. Formulations Arogyavardhini Rasa, Saptamrutlauha and Vidanga causes Apatarpaan, which helps in opening the blockage of strotasa. Saptamrutlouha also helps to cure anaemic condition. Guduchi and Amalaki are rasayana drugs which help in rejuvenation process. This combination is helpful in removal of excessive fat, clearing of various types of toxins from the body and helps in reduction of accumulated cholesterol in the body. It promotes digestive fire, clears body channels for the nutrients to reach to the tissues, balances fats in the body and removes toxins by improving the digestive system. Triphala Guggulu shows detoxifying and rejuvenating actions of oral Triphala along with the anti-inflammatory and anti-infective action of guggulu was found to have a marked effect in treatment of alopecia. Triphala also heals the tissue along with increasing the digestion of the patient at the same time acting as a mild laxative. In bhaishajyaratnavali, in the treatment of Indralupta it is suggested for scraping the scalp with paste of Gunjabeeja and applied the paste for some duration. Scraping helps in removal of hair root obstruction. Application of Gunja tail after the removal of the lepa helps in itching. Triphala Kwatha helps in external purification of skin of scalp and removal of dandruff. Nidana Parivarjana was also found helpful in the management of the disease. For more information Abstract Article Link: http://www.ayurvedjournal.com/JAHM_201733_02.pdf #CurofyCampusAmbassadorAyushAnshul Bahl17 Likes10 Answers
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Sunflowers are native to America and have been widely used for the extraction of cooking oil since ages. Sunflower oil, also known as ‘Surajmukhi tel‘ (Hindi) is a non-volatile oil extracted from the seeds of sunflowers. It is commonly used as a cooking oil as well as in cosmetic formulations due to its emollient properties. Here you will learn many benefits of sunflower oil and its nutrition value. Is sunflower oil healthy? Its nutritious composition makes it one of the healthiest oils for consumption as well as application on the skin and the hair. The main component of sunflower oil is linoleic acid. Its other components include oleic acid and palmitic acid. In addition to these, it contains lecithin, carotenoids, tocopherols and appreciable quantities of vitamins A, D and E. Image: Shutterstock Sunflower Seeds And Oil: There are basically two types of sunflower seeds – confection sunflower seeds and non-oil sunflower seeds. Confection sunflower seeds are edible and are used for the extraction of oil whereas non-oil sunflower seeds are used for feeding animals and are not suitable for human consumption. Sunflower seed oil is extracted from the black seeds as well as the entire flower. The cold pressed sunflower oil is amber in colour with a mild and pleasant taste. Refined oil is pale yellow in colour. Being extremely light with a high content of polyunsaturated fat, sunflower oil is often preferred over other oils like canola, safflower, corn and olive oils for cooking purposes. Its excellent smoothening properties and long shelf life make it ideal for cosmetic preparations. Benefits Of Sunflower Oil: The sunflower oil benefits are surplus. Let’s have a look at its amazing benefits of refined sunflower oil for skin, hair and health: Health Benefits Of Sunflower Oil: Image: Shutterstock Sunflower oil has a large number of benefits that help in keeping the body healthy and strong. Though it is included in the list of high fat items, it is gaining popularity as a cooking oil due to its wide variety of health-enhancing nutrients. The perfect balance of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats makes it perfect for reducing the levels of bad cholesterol. Thus, more and more people are incorporating it in their diet. Some of the benefits of sunflower oil for health are given below. 1. Cardiovascular Benefits: Sunflower oil is rich in Vitamin E and low in saturated fat. Besides, it is rich in certain phytochemicals like choline and phenolic acid that are beneficial for your heart. It also contains monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats along with vitamins that makes it one of the healthiest oils for consumption. High oleic sunflower oils contain 80% or more monounsaturated fats. Thus, sunflower oil helps in lowering cardiovascular diseases and chance of heart attack. 2. Prevents Arthritis: Sunflower oil is the ultimate solution for those having worries about developing arthritis. Sunflower oil helps in the prevention of rheumatoid arthritis. 3. Prevention of Asthma And Colon Cancer: Sunflower oil contains more Vitamin E than any other cooking oil. Thus, incorporating this oil in your diet provides you protection against asthma and colon cancer. 4. Prevention Of Other Cancers: The carotenoids found in sunflower oil help in the prevention of uterine, lung and skin cancers. In addition, they provide a good source of Vitamin A and aid in preventing cataracts. 5. Lowers Cholesterol: The saturated fats found in other oils are difficult to break down completely during metabolism. Consequently, they are carried to different parts of the body by the blood and get deposited, thus increasing the LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) levels. This causes health problems like embolism, atherosclerosis, joint pains and birth defects. Sunflower oil is rich in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats which provide energy besides maintaining an ideal LDL/HDL (good cholesterol) ratio in the body. Sunflower oil also contains lecithin which helps in lowering cholesterol level . This is because it sticks to your nerve and cell linings, thus preventing fat and cholesterol from sticking to the cell. 6. Fights Free Radicals: Sunflower oil acts as an antioxidant as it is rich in Vitamin E or tocopherols that help in neutralizing the cancer-causing free radicals. The free radicals damage the cells and the immune system. 7. Repairs The Body: Sunflower oil also contains proteins, which are vital for building and repairing tissues and the production of hormones and enzymes. Our body requires high amounts of proteins. Since the body does not store proteins, they have to be consumed, and sunflower oil fulfils this requirement. 8. Prevention Of Infant Infection: Sunflower oil is useful in reducing the risk of infection in pre-term infants having low birth weight. The infants are more likely to suffer from infections because of underdeveloped immune system and organs such as the skin. Sunflower oil acts as a protective barrier and prevents such infection. 9. Healthy Nervous System: The Vitamin B content of sunflower oil promotes a healthy nervous system, proper digestion and is a great source of energy. 10. Reduction Of Cardiac Problems: Sunflower oil contains selenium that is beneficial in reducing the risk of cardiac problems and hepatic degradation. A high level of selenium in your blood is also instrumental in reducing the risk of lung and skin cancers. Other Benefits: Folate or folic acid found in sunflower oil helps in the manufacture of new cells. Magnesium prevents muscle cramps whereas tryptophan relaxes the brain and promotes sleep by aiding in the production of the neurotransmitter, serotonin. Skin Benefits Of Sunflower Oil: Sunflower oil is a natural and healthy way of maintaining a great skin, thanks to its calming and emollient (moisturizing) properties. Being rich in nutrients and antioxidants, it is widely used for medicinal and cosmetic purposes and is found to be effective against acne, eczema, inflammation, general redness and irritation of the skin. Some of the benefits of sunflower oil for the skin are as follows. Image: Shutterstock [ Read: Taxus Tree ] 11. Effective Moisturizing Agent: Due to its emollient properties, sunflower oil helps the skin retain its moisture. Using sunflower oil as a lotion on the skin of pre-term infants acts as a protective barrier and massaging them with this oil helps in reducing skin infection by nearly 14 percent. Hence, sunflower oil can be used in their daily skincare. 12. Improves Skin Health: Sunflower oil is extremely high in Vitamin E in comparison to other skincare products like almond oil or shea butter. Vitamin E is essential for preventing damage to the skin cells by the ultraviolet light or UVA from the sun. Vitamin E improves the appearance and health of your skin by preventing scarring and smoothing of existing wrinkles. 13. Sunflower Oil For Acne: Sunflower oil is also rich in vitamins A, C and D and healthy carotenoids and waxes which form a protective barrier on the skin. Thus, this oil is effective in the treatment of acne. Being exceptionally light and non-greasy, it gets absorbed into the skin easily, without clogging or blocking the pores. Its range of vitamins and fatty acids act as antioxidants to regenerate the skin cells and help the skin get rid of acne causing bacteria. 14. Rich in Beta-Carotene: Beta-carotene is a richly pigmented, fat-soluble compound that can be converted into Vitamin A and its antioxidant properties are beneficial for the appearance of your health and skin. Sunflower oil is an excellent source of beta-carotene. Consumption of this compound makes your skin less sensitive to the sun. The antioxidants in it neutralize the free radicals that penetrate your skin, causing sunburn and other types of sun damage such as skin cancer . 15. Reduces Premature Signs Of Aging: The antioxidant properties of sunflower oil help in preventing premature signs of aging. The exposure to free radicals and sunlight increases the rate of aging of skin , causing the occurrence of wrinkles and fine lines at an early age. The antioxidants in sunflower oil lower the risk of developing premature signs of aging. 16. Treats Dry Skin: Being naturally emollient, sunflower oil improves your skin’s moisture retention capacity and is beneficial for individuals with dry, dehydrated or sensitive skin. A mixture of sunflower and castor oil is effective in making your skin supple and removing dead cells and impurities. This mixture can be used as a cleanser and there is no need to use a moisturizer as the oils contain fatty acids and vitamins to moisturize your skin . 17. Treats Skin Conditions: Sunflower seed oil is an oil of a fine quality as it is light in texture and extremely suitable for eye and skin care. It is suitable for normal to dry skin and is increasingly used in aromatherapy because of its mild scent and light texture. It is used in skin products and creates a soft feel on the skin. Hair Benefits Of Sunflower Oil: Just like the skin, sunflower oil has a moisturizing effect on your hair as well. A wide array of nutrients and antioxidants together with essential fatty acids make it extremely beneficial for your hair. Following are the benefits of sunflower oil for hair. 18. Controls Frizzy Hair: Due to its light texture and mild flavor, sunflower oil softens the hair and adds a delightful sheen to it. Sunflower seed oil helps to control frizz, tackles dryness and damage and makes your hair manageable. This versatile oil maintains your hair’s luster and texture and can be used as a natural conditioner. Sunflower oil can be applied and massaged on your scalp before a bath once a week for maximum benefits. 19. Conditions Hair: Being extremely light, sunflower oil helps in conditioning greasy hair. It nourishes the hair and prevents breakage. 20. Prevents Thinning Of Hair: Sunflower oil is an important source of gamma alpha linolenic acid (GLA) which helps in preventing thinning of hair. It is effective in the treatment of hair-loss , baldness and alopecia areata, characterized by round patches of lost hair. Sunflower Oil Nutrition Data: Sunflower seed oil is considered as one of the healthiest oils due to its variety of health-enhancing nutrients. This oil is rich in vitamins E, B1, B5, B6 and C in addition to minerals like copper, phosphorus, zinc and magnesium. Folate, potassium, calcium, riboflavin, iron and niacin found in sunflower seed oil make it an extremely healthy choice with several health benefits. SUNFLOWER OIL, HIGH OLEIC (70% AND OVER) NUTRITIONAL VALUE PER 100 G (3.5 OZ) Energy 3,699 kJ (884 kcal) Carbohydrates 0 g Fat 100 g – saturated 9.748 g – monounsaturated 83.594 g -polyunsaturated 3.798 g Protein 0 g Vitamin E 41.08 mg (274%) Vitamin K 5.4 μg (5%) SUNFLOWER OIL, STANDARD NUTRITIONAL VALUE PER 100 G (3.5 OZ) Energy 3,699 kJ (884 kcal) Carbohydrates 0 g Fat 100 g – saturated 10.3 g – monounsaturated 19.5 g – polyunsaturated 65.7 g Protein 0 g Vitamin E 41.08 mg (274%) Vitamin K 5.4 μg (5%) SUNFLOWER OIL (NUSUN), MID OLEIC NUTRITIONAL VALUE PER 100 G (3.5 OZ) Energy 3,699 kJ (884 kcal) Carbohydrates 0 g Fat 100 g – saturated 9.009 g – monounsaturated 57.344 g – polyunsaturated 28.962 g Protein 0 g Vitamin E 41.08 mg (274%) Vitamin K 5.4 μg (5%) Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. There are basically three varieties of sunflower oil with different combinations of fatty acids. These are linoleic, high oleic and NuSun. The difference in the three varieties can be attributed to the different percentages of monounsaturated, polyunsaturated and saturated fats. All of these are low in saturated fats and thus, extremely nutritious. The nutritional profile of sunflower oil is explained below. Fats: Sunflower oil is low in saturated fats and high in healthier, unsaturated fats. Linoleic sunflower oil has a high content of polyunsaturated fats, particularly omega-6 fatty acids that are involved in processes such as building strong hair and healing wounds. High oleic sunflower oil mostly comprises of monounsaturated fat omega-9 that is helpful for preserving memory, preventing cancer and reducing the blood pressure. NuSun, being a combination of oleic and linoleic oils, can withstand extremely high cooking temperatures and does not form trans-fats. Low Cholesterol: Studies have proved that the consumption of sunflower oil can result in lower levels of bad LDL cholesterol and thus, provides protection from heart sunflower oil benefitsdisease. Thus, it can be used as a substitute for saturated fats for reducing unhealthy cholesterol levels. Antioxidants And Phytochemicals: Antioxidants and phytochemicals provide protection against diseases by fighting the free radicals. Sunflower oil comprises of a variety of antioxidants and phytochemicals such as Vitamin E, betaine, phenolic acid, choline arginine and lignans. These have the capability to fight against cancers , boost memory and promote cardiovascular health. High levels of antioxidants and phytochemicals make sunflower oil an excellent option for boosting the nutrient content of foods that are cooked or baked in it. Due to its wide range of benefits for health, skin and hair, sunflower oil is considered as one of the healthiest oils and is generally preferred over other heavier oils like coconut, almond, safflower and olive oils. However, to reap its benefits, it is advisable to consume it in small quantities as it has some associated side effects. Consuming high quantities of this oil might increase insulin or blood sugar and increase the risk of developing atherosclerosis (hardening of arteries) in people with type 2 diabetes. Due to its high content of omega-6 fatty acids, excess consumption is likely to cause breast and prostate cancer in post-menopausal women. Therefore, appropriate dose of this oil should be taken after considering factors such as age, health and other conditions. It is advisable to consult a physician before using such natural products. Hope you liked the article on benefits of sunflower oil.Dr. Tapan Kumar Sau3 Likes10 Answers
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Autoimmune Diseases: Types, Symptoms, Causes and More........Check it Out...! ---------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------- What is an autoimmune disease? An autoimmune disease is a condition in which your immune system mistakenly attacks your body. The immune system normally guards against germs like bacteria and viruses. When it senses these foreign invaders, it sends out an army of fighter cells to attack them. Normally, the immune system can tell the difference between foreign cells and your own cells. In an autoimmune disease, the immune system mistakes part of your body — like your joints or skin — as foreign. It releases proteins called autoantibodies that attack healthy cells. Some autoimmune diseases target only one organ. Type 1 diabetes damages the pancreas. Other diseases, like lupus, affect the whole body. CAUSES Why does the immune system attack the body? Doctors don’t know what causes the immune system misfire. Yet some people are more likely to get an autoimmune disease than others. Women get autoimmune diseases at a rate of about 2 to 1 compared to men — 6.4 percent of women vs. 2.7 percent of men . Often the disease starts during a woman’s childbearing years (ages 14 to 44). Some autoimmune diseases are more common in certain ethnic groups. For example, lupus affects more African-American and Hispanic people than Caucasians. Certain autoimmune diseases, like multiple sclerosis and lupus, run in families. Not every family member will necessarily have the same disease, but they inherit a susceptibility to an autoimmune condition. Because the incidence of autoimmune diseases is rising, researchers suspect environmental factors like infections and exposures to chemicals or solvents might also be involved . A “Western” diet is another suspected trigger. Eating high-fat, high-sugar, and highly processed foods is linked to inflammation, which might set off an immune response. However, this hasn’t been proven . Another theory is called the hygiene hypothesis. Because of vaccines and antiseptics, children today aren’t exposed to as many germs as they were in the past. The lack of exposure could make their immune system overreact to harmless substances . BOTTOM LINE: Researchers don’t know exactly what causes autoimmune diseases. Diet, infections, and exposure to chemicals might be involved. COMMON AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES 14 common autoimmune diseases There are more than 80 different autoimmune diseases . Here are 14 of the most common ones. 1. Type 1 diabetes The pancreas produces the hormone insulin, which helps regulate blood sugar levels. In type 1 diabetes, the immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. High blood sugar can damage blood vessels, as well as organs like the heart, kidneys, eyes, and nerves. 2. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the immune system attacks the joints. This attack causes redness, warmth, soreness, and stiffness in the joints. Unlike osteoarthritis, which affects people as they get older, RA can start as early as your 30s . 3. Psoriasis/psoriatic arthritis Skin cells normally grow and then shed when they’re no longer needed. Psoriasis causes skin cells to multiply too quickly. The extra cells build up and form red, scaly patches called scales or plaques on the skin. About 30 percent of people with psoriasis also develop swelling, stiffness, and pain in their joints . This form of the disease is called psoriatic arthritis. 4. Multiple sclerosis Multiple sclerosis (MS) damages the myelin sheath — the protective coating that surrounds nerve cells. Damage to the myelin sheath affects the transmission of messages between your brain and body. This damage can lead to symptoms like numbness, weakness, balance issues, and trouble walking. The disease comes in several forms, which progress at different rates. About 50 percent of people with MS need help walking within 15 years after getting the disease. 5. Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus) Although doctors in the 1800s first described lupus as a skin disease because of the rash it produces, it actually affects many organs, including the joints, kidneys, brain, and heart . Joint pain, fatigue, and rashes are among the most common symptoms. 6. Inflammatory bowel disease Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a term used to describe conditions that cause inflammation in the lining of the intestines. Each type of IBD affects a different part of the GI tract. Crohn’s disease can inflame any part of the GI tract, from the mouth to the anus. Ulcerative colitis affects only the lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum. 7. Addison’s disease Addison’s disease affects the adrenal glands, which produce the hormones cortisol and aldosterone. Having too little of these hormones can affect the way the body uses and stores carbohydrates and sugar. Symptoms include weakness, fatigue, weight loss, and low blood sugar. 8. Graves’ disease Graves’ disease attacks the thyroid gland in the neck, causing it to produce too much of its hormones. Thyroid hormones control the body’s energy usage, or metabolism. Having too much of these hormones revs up your body’s activities, causing symptoms like nervousness, a fast heartbeat, heat intolerance, and weight loss. One common symptom of this disease is bulging eyes, called exophthalmos. It affects up to 50 percent of people with Graves’ disease . 9. Sjögren’s syndrome This condition attacks the joints, as well as glands that provide lubrication to the eyes and mouth. The hallmark symptoms of Sjögren’s syndrome are joint pain, dry eyes, and dry mouth. 10. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis In Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, thyroid hormone production slows. Symptoms include weight gain, sensitivity to cold, fatigue, hair loss, and swelling of the thyroid (goiter). 11. Myasthenia gravis Myasthenia gravis affects nerves that help the brain control the muscles. When these nerves are impaired, signals can’t direct the muscles to move. The most common symptom is muscle weakness that gets worse with activity and improves with rest. Often muscles that control swallowing and facial movements are involved. 12. Vasculitis Vasculitis happens when the immune system attacks blood vessels. The inflammation that results narrows the arteries and veins, allowing less blood to flow through them. 13. Pernicious anemia This condition affects a protein called intrinsic factor that helps the intestines absorb vitamin B-12 from food. Without this vitamin, the body can’t make enough red blood cells. Pernicious anemia is more common in older adults. It affects 0.1 percent of people in general, but nearly 2 percent of people over age 60 . 14. Celiac disease People with celiac disease can’t eat foods containing gluten — a protein found in wheat, rye, and other grain products. When gluten is in the intestine, the immune system attacks it and causes inflammation. Celiac disease affects about 1 percent of people in the United States . A larger number of people have gluten sensitivity, which isn’t an autoimmune disease, but can have similar symptoms like diarrhea and abdominal pain. SYMPTOMS Autoimmune disease symptoms The early symptoms of many autoimmune diseases are very similar, such as: fatigue achy muscles swelling and redness low-grade fever trouble concentrating numbness and tingling in the hands and feet hair loss skin rashes Individual diseases can also have their own unique symptoms. For example, type 1 diabetes causes extreme thirst, weight loss, and fatigue. IBD causes belly pain, bloating, and diarrhea. With autoimmune diseases like psoriasis or RA, symptoms come and go. Periods of symptoms are called flare-ups. Periods when the symptoms go away are called remissions. BOTTOM LINE: Symptoms like fatigue, muscle aches, swelling, and redness could be signs of an autoimmune disease. Often symptoms come and go over time. SEE A DOCTOR When to see a doctor See a doctor if you have symptoms of an autoimmune disease. You might need to visit a specialist, depending on the type of disease you have. Rheumatologists treat joint diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and Sjögren’s syndrome. Gastroenterologists treat diseases of the GI tract, such as celiac and Crohn’s disease. Endocrinologists treat conditions of the glands, including Graves’ and Addison’s disease. Dermatologists treat skin conditions such as psoriasis. DIAGNOSIS Tests that diagnose autoimmune diseases No single test can diagnose most autoimmune diseases. Your doctor will use a combination of tests and an assessment of your symptoms to diagnose you. The antinuclear antibody test (ANA) is often the first test that doctors use when symptoms suggest an autoimmune disease. A positive test means you likely have one of these diseases, but it won’t confirm exactly which one you have. Other tests look for specific autoantibodies produced in certain autoimmune diseases. Your doctor might also do tests to check for the inflammation these diseases produce in the body. BOTTOM LINE: A positive ANA blood test can show that you have an autoimmune disease. Your doctor can use your symptoms and other tests to confirm the diagnosis. TREATMENT How are autoimmune diseases treated? Treatments can’t cure autoimmune diseases, but they can control the overactive immune response and bring down inflammation. Drugs used to treat these conditions include: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) and naproxen (Naprosyn) immune-suppressing drugs Treatments are also available to relieve symptoms like pain, swelling, fatigue, and skin rashes. Eating a well-balanced diet and getting regular exercise can also help you feel better. BOTTOM LINE: The main treatment for autoimmune diseases is with medications that bring down inflammation and calm the overactive immune response. Treatments can also help relieve symptoms. BOTTOM LINE The bottom line More than 80 different autoimmune diseases exist. Often their symptoms overlap, making them hard to diagnose. Autoimmune diseases are more common in women, and they often run in families. Blood tests that look for autoantibodies can help doctors diagnose these conditions. Treatments include medicines to calm the overactive immune response and bring down inflammation in the body.Dr. V Srivastava6 Likes6 Answers