Friends today I am discussing about a very common problem known as anemia which can lead to many problems.
What Is Anemia?
Anemia is a condition that develops when your blood lacks enough healthy red blood cells or hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a main part of red blood cells and binds oxygen. If you have too few or abnormal red blood cells, or your hemoglobin is abnormal or low, the cells in your body will not get enough oxygen. Symptoms of anemia -- like fatigue -- occur because organs aren't getting what they need to function properly.
Certain forms of anemia are hereditary and infants may be affected from the time of birth.
Women in the childbearing years are particularly susceptible to iron-deficiency anemia because of the blood loss from menstruation and the increased blood supply demands during pregnancy.
Older adults also may have a greater risk of developing anemia because of poor diet and other medical conditions.
There are many types of anemia. All are very different in their causes and treatments. Iron-deficiency anemia, the most common type, is very treatable with diet changes and iron supplements. Some forms of anemia -- like the mild anemia that develops during pregnancy -- are even considered normal. However, some types of anemia may present lifelong health problems.
What Causes Anemia?
There are more than 400 types of anemia, which are divided into three groups:
Anemia caused by blood loss
Anemia caused by decreased or faulty red blood cell production
Anemia caused by destruction of red blood cells
Anemia Caused by Blood Loss
Red blood cells can be lost through bleeding, which often can occur slowly over a long period of time, and can go undetected. This kind of chronic bleeding commonly results from the following:
Gastrointestinal conditions such as ulcers, hemorrhoids, gastritis (inflammation of the stomach), and cancer
Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin or ibuprofen, which can cause ulcers and gastritis
Menstruation, especially if menstrual bleeding is excessive
Anemia Caused by Decreased or Faulty Red Blood Cell Production
With this type of anemia, the body may produce too few blood cells or the blood cells may not function correctly. In either case, anemia can result. Red blood cells may be faulty or decreased due to abnormal red blood cells or a lack of minerals and vitamins needed for red blood cells to work properly. Conditions associated with these causes of anemia include the following:
Sickle cell anemia
Bone marrow and stem cell problems
Other health conditions
Sickle cell anemia is an inherited disorder that, in the U.S. affects mainly African-Americans and Hispanic Americans. Red blood cells become crescent-shaped because of a genetic defect. They break down rapidly, so oxygen does not get to the body's organs, causing anemia. The crescent-shaped red blood cells can also get stuck in tiny blood vessels, causing pain.
Iron-deficiency anemia occurs because of a lack of the mineral iron in the body. Bone marrow in the center of the bone needs iron to make hemoglobin, the part of the red blood cell that transports oxygen to the body's organs. Without adequate iron, the body cannot produce enough hemoglobin for red blood cells. The result is iron-deficiency anemia. This type of anemia can be caused by:
An iron-poor diet, especially in infants, children, teens, vegans, and vegetarians
The metabolic demands of pregnancy and breastfeeding that deplete a woman's iron stores
Frequent blood donation
Digestive conditions such as Crohn's disease or surgical removal of part of the stomach or small intestine
Certain drugs, foods, and caffeinated drinks
Vitamin-deficiency anemia may occur when vitamin B12 and folate are deficient. These two vitamins are needed to make red blood cells. Conditions leading to anemia caused by vitamin deficiency include:
Megaloblastic anemia: Vitamin B12 or folate or both are deficient
Pernicious anemia: Poor vitamin B12 absorption
Dietary deficiency: Eating little or no meat may cause a lack of vitamin B12, while overcooking or eating too few vegetables may cause a folate deficiency.
Other causes of vitamin deficiency: pregnancy, certain medications, alcohol abuse, intestinal diseases such as tropical sprue and celiac disease
During early pregnancy, sufficient folic acid can help prevent the fetus from developing neural tube defects such as spina bifida.
Bone marrow and stem cell problems may prevent the body from producing enough red blood cells. Some of the stem cells found in bone marrow develop into red blood cells. If stem cells are too few, defective, or replaced by other cells such as metastatic cancer cells, anemia may result. Anemia resulting from bone marrow or stem cell problems include:
Aplastic anemia occurs when there's a marked reduction in the number of stem cells or absence of these cells. Aplastic anemia can be inherited, can occur without apparent cause, or can occur when the bone marrow is injured by medications, radiation, chemotherapy, or infection.
Thalassemia occurs when the red cells can't mature and grow properly. Thalassemia is an inherited condition that typically affects people of Mediterranean, African, Middle Eastern, and Southeast Asian descent. This condition can range in severity from mild to life-threatening; the most severe form is called Cooley's anemia.
Lead exposure is toxic to the bone marrow, leading to fewer red blood cells. Lead poisoning occurs in adults from work-related exposure and in children who eat paint chips, for example. Improperly glazed pottery can also taint food and liquids with lead.
Homeopathic medicines for anaemia.
1. Cinchona-One of the best homeopathic medicines for anaemia due to blood loss
In cases where the cause is blood loss, Cinchona is one of the best homeopathic medicine for anaemia. The blood loss may be due to increased menstrual flow as happens in some females or due to worms as occurs in some children. Even when the blood loss has happened in some acute cases like injury, Cinchona is very useful. One feels weak and tired. There are frequent headaches. Periodicity of the pains is a characteristic of this medicine.
2. Natrum Mur- One of the best homeopathic medicines for anaemia due to grief
When grief due to any personal tragedy or circumstances is the cause of anaemia, Natrum Mur is one of the best homeopathic medicines for anaemia. The grief may be due to the death of a family member or some financial loss or loss of position. One tends to be worse in heat or in summers. There is increased desire to take salt or any salty and spicy food items. Oedematous condition is often seen in the feet or around the eyes. Despite having a normal diet, the patient tends to be thin or skinny.
3. Nit-acid-One of the best Homeopathic medicines for anaemia with desire for chalk, paper and earth
When there is an irresistible desire to eat chalk, paper, earth or any such indigestible things, Nit-acid is one of the best homeopathic medicines for anaemia. There are often cuts at the corners of the mouth. Aphthae or ulcers in the mouth are also seen quite frequently.
4. Phosphorus- One of the best homeopathic medicines for anaemia with weakness and exhaustion
When the predominant symptom is that of weakness, exhaustion or prostration, Phosphorus is one of the best homeopathic medicines for anaemia. There is increased thirst and that too for cold water. The patient is usually thin, wiry and tall in stature. There is great weakness of the nervous system. There is increased restlesness and one cannot tolerate any noise, strong odor or light.
5. Pulsatilla-One of the best homeopathic medicines for anaemia in females
This is predominantly a female remedy and often works wonders for anaemia. The nature and disposition of the person is the most important guiding symptom. The patient is of weeping disposition and cries at the drop of a hat. She feels better in open air and is worse in heat. Thirstlesness is another guiding symptom for the use of this medicine.