What is apneustic breathing? What causes it?

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is an abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by deep, gasping inspiration with a pause at full inspiration followed by a brief, insufficient release.. It is caused by damage to the pons or upper medulla caused by strokes or trauma. Specifically, concurrent removal of input from the vagus nerve and the pneumotaxic center causes this pattern of breathing. It is an ominous sign, with a generally poor prognosis. It can also be temporarily caused by some drugs, such as ketamine. It causes craniocerebral injury.
Conclusion:Apneustic breathing is a prolonged respiratory cramp,a pause at full inspiration . Apneustic breathing may occur after damage to mud or causal PONS.

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