Friends today I am discussing about Calcium deficiency .
Calcium Deficiency as commonly used is an ambiguous and misleading term as it may refer to two conditions Dietary Insufficiency without evident Hyopcalcaemia or Hypocalcaemia without Dietary Insufficiency of Calcium both have different Causes and Implications.
Hypocalceamia means reduced calcium level in blood serum below average range of 8.8-10.7 mg/dl.
Calcium is very essential element in human body and is required for maintaining proper anatomical structure and physiological functions in human body, at cellular level of almost all tissue/ organ.
Serum Calcium levels are not indicative of general chornic calcium deficiency/insufficiency, as per body’s requirements, as Blood Serum Calcium levels are very tightly maintained in human body within a narrow range. If there is dietary insufficiency then it may not reflect in Blood Serum Levels as the body comprimises Bone Mineral Density to maintain normal Blood Serum Calcium levels as it is more important so as to maintain proper function of other organs and cells especially heart and nerves and other cellular processes as any disturbance in this due to low blood serum calcium level may cause severe acute life threatenig conditions.
Regular intake of calcium is necessary for proper functioning of the body, If there is dietary insufficiency of calcium then the body starts consuming it from bones to maintain normal Blood Serum Calcium level, this depletes the Bone Mineral Density which if prolonged may result into conditions like
May trigger or contribute to Osteoarthritis.
Rickets with pigeon chest open sutures and fontanalles and other anomalies in growing children.
Hypocalcaemia is a severe acute condition usually caused due to deficient calcium metabolism which is regulated by Parathyroid hormone , vitaminD and also healthy functioning of organs like liver and kidney are required for proper calcium metabolism.
Symptoms of Hyopcalceamia
Positive Bathmotropic Effect
As calcium blocks sodium channel which maintains the threshold level of depolarisation of nerve and muscle So, decreased level of calcium will decrease the threshold level for depolarisation which will result in to Positive Bathmotive Effect
Recurrent Petechial Heamorrhages which if persists, it tends to overlace and merge with each other appearing like purpura , it appears espescially on weight bearing and dependent parts.
Tingling and numb sensation on face especially in perioral region and in limbs on extremities like fingers spreading to hands and toes spreading to feet
Muscular pain especially in lower limbs, its may also accompany paraesthesia.
Painful and violent muscular cramps and contractions generalised or may be redtricted to carpopedal region.Positive Trousseau’s and or Chvostek’s sign for Latent Tetany
Decreased Chronotropic and Inotropic effect that is reduced heart rate and Myocardial Cantractibility.
Which causes decreased cardiac output.
ECG shows associated changes like intermittent QT prolongation, typical Ventricular Tachycardia.
Low Vit D
Low dietary intake of calcium
Other pathological conditions like kidney or pancrease disease etc.
Homoeopathic Medicines for Calcium Deficiency or Hypocalcaemia