Chilblains/Pernio/Perniosis/Cold Induced Vascular Disorder

Definition: Abnormal painful inflammation of tiny blood vessels of skin after to very cold temperature. Description:  Its due to repeated exposure to cold but not the freezing air.  Its also known as Pernio.  It cause redness, itching & swelling in your hands & feet.  It usually clears up within 1-3 weeks without any treatment when air becomes warmer.  It will not develop immediately after exposure to cold, even after few hrs of exposure.  Aetiology: The exact cause is not known but most probably it occurs due to body reaction in repeated exposure to cold air. Symptoms:  Small area of body like toes & fingers become inflamed, swollen up with itch & pain.  Sometime burning sensation in skin.  Changes in skin colour from red to blue or purple. Some Risk Factors:  Too much tight clothing  Living in a damp basement  Mostly females are affected.  Poor circulation  Reynaud’s Disease  Low body weight  Malnutrition  More Affected Individuals:  Children are mostly affected like some children gets it every winter.  Elder people also have the same tendency.  Its also associated with SLE called chilblain lupus. Treatment: There is no such special treatment needed for chilblains as it may disappear within 1-3 weeks after the development. In most of the cases symptoms become normalise after getting warm. If still not improved, you doctor may prescribe corticosteroid for inflammation to be subsided. In some cases doctor also give blood pressure medication which reduces inflammation and pain. You should protect your hands & feet by covering them. Home Remedies:  First of all it does not need a serious concern because it will subside automatically after completing its course.  But if not then should increase the temperature around the affected area by rubbing or massaging it.  A lotion may be applied to keep that area moisturise.



Start with sulphur 200

Useful Post thanks so much

बहुत अच्छी जानकारी है ।

Nice post Dr

Informative. Post

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