Yes it is Kadamba mouth ulcers, diarrhea, Irritable bowel syndrome and diseases related to the urinary tract. Tikta kashay ras Ruksh guna Katu vipak Sheeta veerya. Stambhak Shukravardhan Vranropan Raktapitta Atisar Arochak Kasa Daha
It is kadamb... Its uses acc to ayurveda text bhavprakash, raj nighantu, Dhanvantari nighantu, and kai. Ni.... Kadamba: Neolamarckia cadamba Kadamba- Neolamarckia cadamba, is a herb mentioned in the Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia for the treatment of wounds, conjunctivitis, mouth ulcers, diarrhea, Irritable bowel syndrome and diseases related to the urinary tract. Latin Name- Neolamarckia cadamba Family- Rubiaceae Sanskrit Synonyms: Vritta pushpa- The flowers are round in shape Halipriya, Haripriya Liked by the farmers Lalanapriya liked by women Suvasa good fragrance Priyaka- Looks pleasant to the eyes Sindhupushpa- Available in Sindhu pradesha Neepa, Pulaki, Kadambarya, Kutsitambha, Kadamba is an evergreen, tropical tree native to South and Southeast Asia. A fully mature kadam tree can reach up to 45 m in height. It is a large tree with a broad crown and straight cylindrical bole. Kadam flowers are sweetly fragrant, red to orange in color, occurring in dense, globular heads of approximately 5.5 cm (2.2 in) diameter. Properties: Rasa (Taste) Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent) Guna (Qualities) Ruksha (Dry in nature) Veerya (Potency) Sheeta (Cold) Vipaka Katu (Undergoes Pungent taste after digestion) Prabava (Special action) Vedanasthapana (Pain reliever) Karma (Actions) Tridoshahara (Pacifies all the three dosha) Part used- Bark and Fruit Dosage- Powder of bark- 3 to 6 g Fruit juice- 10-20 ml Chemical constituents: The dried bark of the tree contains alkaloids, steroids, reducing sugars, cinchotannic acid and tanins (about 4.6%). The ether-soluble alkaloid of the bark shows anti- bacterial activity. Shishira coolant Grahi absorbent, useful in diarrhea, IBS Guru heavy to digest Vrana Ropana heals wounds Vishtambhakrut causes constipation Shukravardhana improves sperm and semen quantity and quality Indicated in Raktapitta Bleeding disorders such as nasal bleeding, heavy periods, etc Atisara diarrhoea, dysentery Arochaka anorexia Visha Toxic conditions, poisoning Kasa cough, cold Daha burning sensation, as in gastritis, neuropathy, burning sensation in eyes etc @Dr. Akshay Ingole ,@Sumayya Alansari ...
@Dr. Akshay Ingole Sir! कदम्ब (BURFLOWER TREE) It is the English common name Burflower tree, popularly known as Kadamba. Kadamba has its roots in the Bhagwad Gita. In North India, it is associated with Krishna, whilst in the South it is known as ‘Parvati’s Tree.’ Radha and Krishna are supposed to have conducted their love play in the hospitable and sweet- scented shade of the Kadamba tree. Medicinal Benefits: Kadamba is one of the most useful herbs mentioned in all ancient Sanskrit scriptures and Ayurvedic texts. It is bitter, pungent and astringent in taste. It is categorised as an analgesic and its fruit pulp as a purifier of seminal fluids. It is also considered as a detoxifier and anti–diarrhoeal. The leaves of the tree are very beneficial for curing Diabetes. The alkaloids prepared from the extracts of the Kadamba tree leaves, when consumed for around 4-10 months cures diabetes. External wounds and ulcers are dressed with its leaves slightly warmed to alleviate the pain, swelling, cleansing and better healing of the wounds. Again, if applied externally, the paste of its bark skin is very good for conjunctivitis.
@Dr. Hemant Adhikari @Dr. Himanshu Verma @Dr. Niranjan Ram @Dr. Aniruddha Lele @Dr. M V Subramanyam @Dr. Sushant Revadekar @Dr. P. G. Shah @Dr. Subhashkumar Bharti @Dr. Tarak Chudasama and respected ALL plz help in identification and it's medicinal properties. . As per look I think it's a poisonous plant.. What's your findings?
Neolamarckia cadamba/Anthocephalus cadamba. Family- Rubiaceae. Chemical constituents:- The dried bark of the tree contains alkaloids, steroids, reducing sugars, cinchotannic acid and tanins. Effective in Anemia,Aphthous Ulcers,Arthritis, Blood Disorders,Cough,Croup Cyclitis,Diabetes,Diarrhea,Dysentery,Fever Gout, Kidney Disease,Leprosy,Leucorrhoea Muscle Sprains,Ringworm, SnakeBite UlcersWounds, Kidney Failure. Action of Anthocephalus Cadamba Effective also in Anesthetic, Anthelmintic etc.
@Dr. Akshay Ingole Sir Sumayya Alansari Ma'am, It is " Kadamba" correctly diagnosed by Dr. Ashish Tiwari Sir. It is famous drug as per mythological view related to Lord Krishna. Scientific Name - Neolamarckia cadamba. Family - Rubiaceae You can get details of this drug on Wikipedia, It is famous drug used in Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Increase Sperm Count and Sperm motility, Diarrhoea etc.
Its kadamba Its flower of the plant Latin name Neolamarckia cadamba Kindly refer it on net for full discription or with Sanskrit name "Kadamba" for its medicinal use in Ayurveda. Thanks for tagging me
Agree with@Sumayya Alansari .. yes.. its called as niv or neev... निव/नीव@Dr. Akshay Ingole sir
Sir it's kadamb tree. On these trees Krishna use to play ball on the banks of river yamuna with his friends.
@Curofy am not able to post more than one photographs at a time, please help me
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Identity this plant(creeper) Elaborate the medicinal uses of this plant.Dr. Vasundhara Nanavaty3 Likes31 Answers
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Good evening everyone..... Identity the plant & it's uses.Dr. Vasundhara Nanavaty6 Likes29 Answers
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Surprising Health Benefits Of Horse Gram (Kulthi) fashionlady.in Aug 18, 2017 5:57 PM ￼ Horse gram is a miracle super food and the food is widely consumed as a staple diet in the southern parts of India. Horse gram is rich in nutrients and have plenty of minerals too- phosphorus, calcium, protein and iron. Hence it is known to be very beneficial for human health, as much as it is useful for animal health too. What is Horse Gram or Kulthi? Scientifically called Macrotyloma uniflorum, horse gram according to the USDA says that the dark brown lentil which is flat and round in shape is known to bring us humans a lot of therapeutic properties. And this is exactly what we are going to talk about today. So please read on and be well informed. Learn about the benefits of horse gram, what it gives the body, the side effects and more. Take a look! Names in different languages VernacularBengaliKulthi, Kulttho-kalai. KutthiKannadaHurali/ Hurule.EnglishMadras horse-gram,HindiKulthiMaithaliMuthenifSanskritRahitha, Culutu,GujaratiMarathi Kulitha, KulthaPanjabRarat, 聽BotangKumaun Himalaya and GadhwalGahethTamilKolluTeluguWalawalli, Ulava, vulavalu.Marathikulitha, hulageArabHabulakultaKonkaniKulithu Nutritional Value of Horse Gram Here is the nutritional fact for 100 gm of this legume: NutrientsAmountsEnergy321聽 EcalsMoisture12 gmProtein22 gmFat0 gmMineral3 gmFiber5 gmCarbohydrates57 gmCalcium287 mgPhosphorous311 mgIron7 mg Here is what the esteemed NCBI research organization has to say about horse gram nutrition benefits: “Horse gram is an underutilized pulse crop grown in wide range of adverse climatic conditions. It occupies an important place in human nutrition and has rich source of protein, minerals, and vitamins. Besides nutritional importance, it has been linked to reduced risk of various diseases due to presence of non-nutritive bioactive substances. These bioactive substances such as phytic acid, phenolic acid, fiber, enzymatic/proteinase inhibitors have significant metabolic and/or physiological effects. The importance of horse gram was well recognized by the folk/alternative/traditional medicine as a potential therapeutic agent to treat kidney stones, urinary diseases, piles, common cold, throat infection, fever etc. The inception of nutraceutical concept and increasing health consciousness the demand of nutraceutical and functional food is increased. In recent years, isolation and utilization of potential antioxidants from legumes including horse gram are increased as it decreases the risk of intestinal diseases, diabetes, coronary heart disease, prevention of dental caries etc. Keeping in view the increasing demand of food having nutraceutical values, the present review ascribed with recent scientific knowledge towards the possibilities of exploring the horse gram, as a source of food and nutraceuticals compounds.” Now let us take a very good look and learn more about the benefits of horse gram for our overall health! Horse Gram Benefits: 1. Common Cold and fever Common cold and fevers happen to us when the body’s immunity system is attacked and when the viruses house themselves in our bodies. For this, the ancient scholars of ayurveda have recommended the consumption of horse gram when you have fever, coughs and cold, bronchial problems and asthma too. Horse gram should be consumed as soups, which helps relieve the congestion and makes the nasal tracts open up by allowing the mucus membranes to soften up and melt. This helps with easy breathing since the required nutrients are boosting the metabolism of the body and the immunity too. 2. Digestion After a hearty meal, should you feel acidic or don’t feel easy on the stomach within minutes to an hour or more; chances are you are suffering from indigestion pangs. This can lead to issues such as GERD and acid reflux, and this is what can make you feel uncomfortable too. This is why, horse gram is recommended to be had the first thing in the morning on an empty stomach. This helps stimulate the digestive tract and makes digestion an easy affair. 3. Weight Loss In Ayurveda it is said, if one consumes horse gram every day, weight loss happens for sure. This is only when you consume horse gram in powder form, and to this shall be added a dash of cumin seeds. The two should be mixed in a glass of water and drunk twice a day on an empty stomach at your own ease. Some prefer not to have horse gram for weight loss in this form, which is fine. In such cases, the legume can be had soaked and raw, or mixed with pepper and bengal gram to form a crunchy salad and eaten. ￼ 4. Diabetes According to sources from THE HINDU, a leading national daily, “Scientists from the Indian Institute of Chemical Technology have found that unprocessed raw horse gram seeds not only possess anti-hyperglycemic properties but also have qualities which reduce insulin resistance.” . This is possible since horse gram has the power to exhibit ways to combat the formation of hyperglycemic properties in the body. In turn, horse gram helps bring down insulin resistance in the body too. Blood glucose levels are brought down and controlled, and it can help reduce the carb digestion rates as well, in turn bringing down the levels of blood glucose too. This is why it is used as a super food to treat type 2 diabetes in most cases. 5. Asthma and Bronchitis The esteemed researchers at NCBI say “After critical assessment of nutritional and therapeutic aspect of horse gram, it can now be concluded that-it is a rich source of nutrient and antinutrient content. The nutritional value of horse gram is comparable with other pulse crop. Horse gram has high levels of antioxidant and radical scavenging activities in addition to their traditional role of providing proteins and carbohydrates. It has rich source of various natural bioactive substances such as phytic acid, fiber, phenolic acid etc. These bioactive substances have immense potential for curing varieties of diseases such as common cold, throat infection, fever, urinary stones, asthma, bronchitis, leucoderma, etc. BBIs, the proteinase inhibitors have been identified to treat anti-inflammatory, obesity and several degenerative and autoimmune diseases. However, there is a dearth of information on the specific health beneficial components in this lesser known legume. Thus, considering its immense potential as health benefit it needs to exploit as a source of nutraceutical and food industries.” 6. Menstrual Disturbances Menses problems are very harrowing, and unless one has them, one would not know how painful and energy draining it can be. Once again, you can either have the soup of horse gram for relief or have salads which would have horse gram in them, which helps bring down the levels of irritation associated with menstrual disturbances. When you have irregular menstrual cycles or excessive bleeding, it is the high iron content in horse gram which will help maintain the levels of hemoglobin in the body. This is why, holistic experts recommend horse gram to women with menses issues. 7. Leucorrhea Women suffering from Leucorrhea have a tough time managing their sanitation needs. Leucorrhea is known to be a common and a normal discharge from the vagina. It can have a change in its consistency or color, and often is associated with pains, infection and inflammation around the cervix and the vagina too. This happens when there is an irritation to the lining of the membrane, and the discharge can be foul smelling or thick, with a quantity increase when puberty hits or when sexual arousal is at its peak. Ayurveda opines, one should soak a handful of horse gram overnight in a bowl of water, and boil it the next day. This water should be consumed thrice a day to treat symptoms of leucorrhea. ￼ 8. Constipation If you have been sitting on the pot for too long and have no luck in releasing the bowels each morning, you are then a victim of constipation. Constipation can be caused because of a lack of fibre in the diet, lack of water intake, lack of minerals and also due to a unhealthy lifestyle, stress and many more reasons. This happens when the intestines and the stomach lining just above the duedoneum are not in a position to expand and contract normally for the waste matter to get released. Since horse gram has powerful nutrients in it and also has plenty of fibre too, it can help combat the problems of constipation. Horse gram in such cases should be pre-soaked and eaten as a salad embellishment in raw form. 9. Kidney stones Sources say, the consumption of horse gram on a daily basis can actually help bring down the occurrence of kidney stones or remove the same from the body too. Kidney stones are basically a concotion of a compound known as calcium oxalate. And horse gram can actually get kidney stones removed overnight. This is because, horse gram is rich in iron and has a high content of polyphenols in it as well. In addition to that, the antioxidant levels are high in kidney stones too. What one needs to do is to soak a cup of horse gram in a bowl of water and to consume it raw the next morning. Doing this for a week it seems shows good results. 10. Urinary Discharge Women suffering from urinary discharge can suffer from embarrassment too. This is especially when urinary discharge is thick, inconsistent at times, foul smelling and continuous in some cases. There could be pains, infection and inflammation around the cervix and the vagina too. This happens when there is an irritation to the lining of the membrane, and the discharge can be foul smelling or thick, with a quantity increase when puberty hits or when sexual arousal is at its peak. Ayurveda opines, one should soak a handful of horse gram overnight in a bowl of water, and boil it the next day. This water should be consumed thrice a day to treat symptoms of the same. 11. Ulcers In Ayurveda, it is said horse gram can be very beneficial in treating various forms of ulcers, but NOT GASTRIC ULCERS. There are lipids in horse gram that come in very handy when the legume is consumed by those that suffer from peptic and mouth ulcers. Research and studies on the same have been done on rats and the animals have healed, and the same have been done on humans too and the results were positive. Even in ayurveda, it is shown that mashed horse gram when consumed twice a day releases the lipids much needed for the body to heal itself from the ulcers. 12. Piles Piles happen when the veins in the rectum swell up and turn inflamed or painful. Instead of rushing to the pharmacy for medication and treatment, holistic experts suggest the use of horse gram. Soak a cup of horse gram overnight and consume the water the next day, and eat the horse gram raw as a salad embellishment too. The roughage in it along with the fibre helps treat piles. 13. Diarrhea Since horse gram has plenty of fibre in it, it helps with digestion and soaking up excess fluids from the intestine and the stomach. This brings down the occurrence of diarrhea and loose motion, and allows normal bowel movements to happen. One should have a handful of pre-soaked horse gram legumes early each morning, which stimulates the digestive system to work better. ￼ 14. Hemorrhage and Hemorrhoids NO INFORMATION AVAILABLE ON HOW IT WORKS 15. Skin Rashes and Boils Horse gram can be used very well as a topical face pack to treat rashes, boils and disorders of the skin to some extent as well. This is because it is antimicrobial and antibacterial, and has plenty of antioxidants in it along with minerals to nourish, replicate the healthy lipid layers of the skin and more. Crush a handful of pre-soaked seeds overnight, and apply it as a face pack the next day. Wait for half an hour and gently wash off with cold water. This would help exfoliate the dirt, grime, dead skin cells and also provide collagen boost to the skin and protect the skin from further harm and free radical attacks. 16. Cholesterol Horse gram helps bring down the levels of LDL or bad cholesterol in the bloodstream, says medical research studies. The bad cholesterol levels that have been stuck in the veins would be eliminated when horse gram is consumed, thanks to the levels of lipids in it that work its magic. One should consume a handful of pre-soaked horse gram seeds twice a day on an empty stomach, so that the lipid levels work at their best and cleanse the veins off the bad cholesterol levels or the LDL levels in the blood. 17. Conjunctivitis You can use rose water to wash your eyes with when you suffer from conjunctivitis, or what you could do is to pre-soak a handful of horse gram seeds overnight. The next morning, strain the seeds and use the water to wash your eyes with it. The antioxidant levels in the water would help combat the infection and keep the eyes soothed and calm, sans the irritation. Thrice a day the water should be used to wash the eyes with. ￼ Now that you know how horse gram has multiple benefits for the various needs of our body, let’s learn about how to use the same. Take a look! How to use Horse gram? When using horsegram, always remember that the legume can be heat producing for the body and that is why holistic experts ask you to have it with buttermilk or cumin seeds, so that the heat of the body can be balanced. You can consume horse gram twice a day, either by powdering the roasted seeds or by consuming the same as soup or with buttermilk. There are many tasty recipes for you to indulge in with horse gram, and they also bring in the benefits desired too. For soups Ingredients A cup of horse gram seedsSome curry leavesA green chill and a red chilliCooking oil and tamarind paste Preparation Pre-soak the seeds overnightNext morning cook until the seeds are softRemove the cooked seeds and cool offGrind seeds into pasteIn a pan heat the oil and the rest of the condimentsAdd tamarind paste and fryAdd a cup of waterAdd the paste of horsegram seedsStir for twenty minutes until a thick soup is formedGarnish with basil and coriander leaves and serve hot ￼ If you want to powder it Ingredients A cup of horse gram seedsTen red dry chilliesA teaspoon of cumin, black pepper seeds eachFour tablespoons of tur dal and urad dalA teaspoon of salt Preparation Dry and roast the seeds and keep asideDry and roast the dals until the color of the two changesDry roast the remaining spicesGrind everything together to form a powderAdd the salt and grind again until a coarse powder is formedStore in airtight container. ￼ If you like curries Ingredients Half a cup of pre-soaked horse gram seedsHalf a teaspoon each of coriander powder, black pepper, cumin and red chilli seeds each.A pinch of asafoetidaA tablespoon of coconut powderA small onion choppedHalf a teaspoon each of tamarind juice, mustard seeds, gheeCurry leaves and salt as per taste Preparation Dry roast all the dry ingredients on low flameAdd the onions and coconut powder and dry roast againAdd a little water and make a smooth pasteAdd the horse gram seeds and cook in itTamper the curry with tamarind juice and mustard seedsAdd salt and curry leavesGarnish with coriander and serve hot ￼ If you like porridge Ingredients Half a cup of horse gram seedsHalf a cup of moong dalGarlic pods to tasteCoconut powder to tasteSalt to taste Preparation Dry roast the coconut powder, moong dal and horse gram seeds.Remove from flame and dry grind to a coarse powderPlace the powder in a pressure cooker and add waterAdd the garlic and curry leaves and saltCook for ten minutes on pressureGarnish with coriander and serve hot ￼ Spicy water Spicy water is best for coughs, colds and fevers and bronchial issues too. What you need to do is to dry roast the seeds and add salt and asafetida to it. Dry grind them all and make a powder. Store it in a container and mix a teaspoon of it with warm water to drink twice a day. It helps with coughs and colds. If you want to lose weight, have it with buttermilk and cumin seeds twice a day too. We thus gave you ways on how to use horse gram the easiest way at home. Now let’s take a look at the side effects and who should not have horsegram seeds at all. Please read on and be well-informed. Side Effects and Risk Factors Please note, consuming horse gram is good and has benefits for the body, but there are side-effects to be wary about. Here we list some of them for your perusal and information. If you suffer from gastric ulcers and hyperacidity, you should not consume horse gram seeds since it would worsen the conditionHorse gram seeds according to ayurveda can worsen cases of bleeding problems. If you suffer from heavy periods, consult your doctor first and then consume horse gram seeds.If you suffer from a case of gout, horse gram is to be avoided as well. Ayurveda says it harms the rakta dhatu cycle.If you consume medication for anemia, horse gram should be avoided since it is a contra indicationFor liver issues and excess bile production issues, you should not consume horse gramExpectant mothers are asked to stay away from horse gram tooIf you have plethora and TB, you should not have horse gram as well These were the reasons why we asked you to be wary about horse gram consumption. Now let’s get more tips on horse gram benefits and consumption to make it easier to understand. Tips If you have localized swelling, the paste of horse gram can be used for relief. It is this paste that stimulates the cells and helps with sweating, by opening the pores of the skin and pushing the toxins out through it.To get relief from hiccups, burn a few horse gram seeds and inhale the smoke. It gives relief in a jiffyTo treat renal calculi, use the powder of horse gram seeds everyday. Consult a holistic expert on the dosage as per your body type for the same.To treat intestinal worms and piles or constipation too, horse gram seeds should be pasted and eatenBoil horse gram in water and drink the water, to bring down fever, coughs and coldsPaste boiled horse gram seeds and pepper and eat it, to bring down cough, cold and asthma problems ￼ Now we know that horse gram is a superfood quite bonafide. It is a special class of food that is nutrient dense and has a great load of antioxidants in them along with plenty of protein; the latter being more than what you would otherwise find in veggies. And since it has plenty of digestible starch in it, it is best for diabetics too, and for those that want to lose weight as well. What more do we need? We hope this mini guide on the many uses and benefits of using horse gram comes in handy. Report a problemDr. Tapan Kumar Sau5 Likes16 Answers
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*Restless leg syndrome (RLS* ☝ *Today about*☝ Definition Restless leg syndrome (RLS) or Willis-Ekbom disease(WED) is a common cause of painful legs. The leg pain of restless leg syndrome typically eases with motion of the legs and becomes more noticeable at rest. Restless leg syndrome also features worsening of symptoms and leg pain during the early evening or later at night. Restless leg syndrome Restless leg syndrome is often abbreviated RLS; it has also been termed shaking leg syndrome. Night time involuntary jerking of the legs during sleep is also known as periodic leg/limb movement disorder. History The first known medical description of RLS was by Sir Thomas Willis in 1672. Willis emphasized the sleep disruption and limb movements experienced by people with RLS. Initially published in Latin (De Anima Brutorum, 1672) but later translated to English (The London Practice of Physick, 1685), The term “fidgets in the legs” has also been used as early as the early nineteenth century. Subsequently, other descriptions of RLS were published, including those by Francois Boissier de Sauvages (1763), Magnus Huss (1849), Theodur Wittmaack (1861), George Miller Beard (1880), Georges Gilles de la Tourette (1898), Hermann Oppenheim (1923) and Frederick Gerard Allison (1943). However, it was not until almost three centuries after Willis, in 1945, that Karl-Axel Ekbom (1907–1977) provided a detailed and comprehensive report of this condition in his doctoral thesis, Restless legs: clinical study of hitherto overlooked disease. Ekbom coined the term “restless legs” and continued work on this disorder throughout his career. He described the essential diagnostic symptoms, differential diagnosis from other conditions, prevalence, relation to anemia, and common occurrence during pregnancy. Epidemiology Except perhaps in Asian populations, RLS is a common disorder, occurring in about 10% of the population. The age-adjusted prevalence of RLS determined by telephone interviews in a random population of 1803 adults in Kentucky was 10%. A Canadian survey of 2019 adults estimated the prevalence of RLS symptoms at 17% for women and 13% for men. A population-based survey in West Pomerania, Germany, of 4107 subjects found an overall 10.6% prevalence. Using standardized questions in face-to-face interviews, Rothdach et al. reported an overall prevalence of 9.8% in 369 participants ages 65-83 years in Augsburg, Germany. In a study from Japan, 4612 participants living in urban residential areas were assessed for a single symptom of RLS by a self-administered questionnaire of the following two items: (1) Have you ever been told you jerk your legs or kick sometimes and (2) have you ever experienced sleep disturbance due to a creeping sensation or hot feeling in your legs? The prevalence of RLS ranged from 3% in women ages 20-29 years to 7% in women ages 50-59 years and correlated with age. In contrast to the first three studies, RLS had a higher prevalence in men than women, with the difference reaching significance in those 40-49 years old; in men there was no positive correlation with age. Face-to-face interviews of 157 consecutive individuals ages 55 years and older participating in a health screening program and 1000 consecutive individuals ages 21 years and older from a primary health care center in Singapore yielded much lower prevalence data. Using IRLSSG criteria, the prevalence of RLS in this predominantly Asian population was 0.6% in the older (1 male) and 0.1% (1 female) in the younger cohorts. In the Kentucky and Singapore studies, there was no gender difference; however, in the two German studies, the prevalence was higher in women and in the Japanese study it was higher in men. The Canadian study reported a significantly higher occurrence of bedtime leg restlessness in women. Types Restless legs syndrome (RLS) can be either primary or secondary, and the causes vary. Primary RLS is a neurological disorder. Although the majority of people with RLS begin to experience symptoms in their middle years, some may have signs of the problem in childhood. Their symptoms may slowly progress for years before becoming a regular occurrence. Secondary RLS tends to be more severe than the primary type and stems from another underlying condition, including the following: Anemia or low blood-iron levels Folate deficiency Nerve damage due to diabetes or other conditions Kidney disease or dialysis Attention deficit disorder (ADD) Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Pregnancy Rheumatoid arthritis Parkinson’s disease Risk factors RLS/WED can develop at any age, even during childhood. The disorder is more common with increasing age and more common in women than in men. Restless legs syndrome usually isn’t related to a serious underlying medical problem. However, RLS/WED sometimes accompanies other conditions, such as: Peripheral neuropathy: This damage to the nerves in your hands and feet is sometimes due to chronic diseases such as diabetes and alcoholism. Iron deficiency: Even without anemia, iron deficiency can cause or worsen RLS/WED. If you have a history of bleeding from your stomach or bowels, experience heavy menstrual periods or repeatedly donate blood, you may have iron deficiency. Kidney failure: If you have kidney failure, you may also have iron deficiency, often with anemia. When kidneys don’t function properly, iron stores in your blood can decrease. This, with other changes in body chemistry, may cause or worsen RLS/WED. Causes The cause of restless leg syndrome is unknown in most people. However, restless leg syndrome has been associated with Pregnancy, Obesity, Smoking, Iron deficiency and anemia, Nerve disease, Polyneuropathy (which can be associated with hypothyroidism, heavy metal toxicity, toxins, and many other conditions), Other hormone diseases such as diabetes, and Kidney failure (which can be associated with vitamin and mineral deficiency). Some drugs and medications have been associated with restless leg syndrome including: Caffeine, Alcohol, H2-histamine blockers (such as ranitidine [Zantac] and cimetidine [Tagamet]), and certain antidepressants (such as amitriptyline [Elavil, Endep]). Occasionally, restless leg syndrome run in families. Recent studies have shown that restless leg syndrome appears to become more common as a person ages. Also, poor venous circulation of the legs (such as with varicose veins) can cause restless leg syndrome. Symptoms The International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group described the following symptoms of restless legs syndrome (RLS): Strange itching, tingling, or “crawling” sensations occurring deep within the legs; these sensations may also occur in the arms. A compelling urge to move the limbs to relieve these sensations Restlessness — floor pacing, tossing and turning in bed, rubbing the legs Symptoms may occur only with lying down or sitting. Sometimes, persistent symptoms worsen while lying down or sitting and improve with activity. In very severe cases, the symptoms may not improve with activity. Other symptoms of RLS include the following: Sleep disturbances and daytime sleepiness Involuntary, repetitive, periodic, jerking limb movements that occur either in sleep or while awake and at rest; these movements are called periodic leg movements of sleep or periodic limb movement disorder. Up to 90% of people with RLS also have this condition. In some people with RLS, the symptoms do not occur every night but come and go. These people may go weeks or months without symptoms (remission) before the symptoms return again. Complications Restless legs syndrome rarely results in any serious consequences. However, in some cases severe and persistent symptoms can cause considerable mental distress, chronic insomnia, and daytime sleepiness. In addition, since restless legs syndrome (RLS) is worse when resting, people with severe RLS may avoid daily activities that involve long periods of sitting, such as going to movies or traveling long distances. Diagnosis and test There’s no single test for diagnosing restless legs syndrome. A diagnosis will be based on your symptoms, your medical and family history, a physical examination, and your test results. Your GP should be able to diagnose restless legs syndrome, but they may refer you to a neurologist if there’s any uncertainty. There are four main criteria your GP or specialist will look for to confirm a diagnosis. These are: an overwhelming urge to move your legs, usually with an uncomfortable sensation such as itching or tingling your symptoms occur or get worse when you’re resting or inactive your symptoms are relieved by moving your legs or rubbing them your symptoms are worse during the evening or at night Blood tests Your GP may refer you for blood tests to confirm or rule out possible underlying causes of restless legs syndrome. For example, you may have blood tests to rule out conditions such as anaemia, diabetes and kidney function problems. It’s particularly important to find out the levels of iron in your blood because low iron levels can sometimes cause secondary restless legs syndrome. Low iron levels can be treated with iron tablets. Sleep tests If you have restless legs syndrome and your sleep is being severely disrupted, sleep tests such as a suggested immobilisation test may be recommended. The test involves lying on a bed for a set period of time without moving your legs while any involuntary leg movements are monitored. Occasionally, polysomnography may be recommended. This is a test that measures your breathing rate, brain waves and heartbeat throughout the course of a night. The results will confirm whether you have periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS). Treatment and medications Treatment for RLS is targeted at easing symptoms. In people with mild to moderate restless legs syndrome, lifestyle changes, such as beginning a regular exercise program, establishing regular sleep patterns, and eliminating or decreasing the use of caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco, may be helpful. Treatment of an RLS-associated condition also may provide relief of symptoms. Other non-drug RLS treatments may include: Leg massages Hot baths or heating pads or ice packs applied to the legs Good sleep habits A vibrating pad called Relaxis Medications may be helpful as RLS treatments, but the same drugs are not helpful for everyone. In fact, a drug that relieves symptoms in one person may worsen them in another. In other cases, a drug that works for a while may lose its effectiveness over time. Drugs used to treat RLS include: Dopaminergic drugs, which act on the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain. Mirapex, Neupro, and Requip are FDA-approved for treatment of moderate to severe RLS. Others, such as levodopa, may also be prescribed. Benzodiazepines, a class of sedative medications, may be used to help with sleep, but they can cause daytime drowsiness. Narcotic pain relievers may be used for severe pain. Anticonvulsants, or antiseizure drugs, such as Tegretol, Lyrica, Neurontin, and Horizant. Although there is no cure for restless legs syndrome, current treatments can help control the condition, decrease symptoms, and improve sleep. Lifestyle and home remedies Making simple lifestyle changes can help alleviate symptoms of RLS/WED. Try baths and massages: Soaking in a warm bath and massaging your legs can relax your muscles. Apply warm or cool packs: Use of heat or cold, or alternating use of the two, may lessen your limb sensations. Try relaxation techniques: such as meditation or yoga. Stress can aggravate RLS/WED. Learn to relax, especially before bedtime. Establish good sleep hygiene: Fatigue tends to worsen symptoms of RLS/WED, so it’s important that you practice good sleep hygiene. Ideally, have a cool, quiet, comfortable sleeping environment; go to bed and rise at the same time daily; and get adequate sleep. Some people with RLS/WED find that going to bed later and rising later in the day helps in getting enough sleep. Exercise: Getting moderate, regular exercise may relieve symptoms of RLS/WED, but overdoing it or working out too late in the day may intensify symptoms. Avoid caffeine: Sometimes cutting back on caffeine may help restless legs. Try to avoid caffeine-containing products, including chocolate and caffeinated beverages, such as coffee, tea and soft drinks, for a few weeks to see if this helps.Dr. Shailendra Kawtikwar9 Likes15 Answers
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Panchakarma- Five Teatments -1 Pancha Karma is the cornerstone to Ayurvedic management of disease. Pancha Karma is the process which gets to the root cause of the problem and corrects the essential balance of 'Tridosha' in body. Pancha Karma is not only good for alleviating disease but is also a useful tool in maintaining excellent health. Ayurveda advises undergoing Pancha Karma at the seasonal changes to clean the body, improve the digestion and to improve the metabolic processes. Panchakarma is a Sanskrit word that means "five actions" or "five treatments ". This age-old science of purifying the body is an ancient branch of Ayurveda, The Treatment in Ayurveda consists of two main types. One is Shaman Chikitsa, used to subdue the vitiated Doshas, due to which any ailments may be produced. It is administered by using various medicinal herbo-mineral preparations. However, if the Doshas are vitiated beyond a particular level, they give rise to various endotoxins, which have a tendency to be accumulated in the minute channels. These are beyond the level of pacification and hence need to be eliminated or removed from the body. In such cases, the second type of treatment, which is Shodhan Chikitsa or cleansing therapy, is indicated. Since it consists of the five types of main therapies, it is known as the Panchakarma Chikitsa. Panchakarma has been given a special place in all the ancient Ayurvedic texts. Aacharya Charak, the author of the most important ancient text on internal medicine, has described a wide use of Panchakarma therapy for almost all the major diseases. Two separate sections, Kalpa Sthanam, and Siddhi Sthanam in Charak Samhita describe the details of special decoctions and other preparations used for Panchakarma therapy. Panchakarma includes three parts namely: Poorva Karma (Preparatory Methods)which includes : Paachan (Digestion) Snehan (Internal and external oleation) Swedan (Fomentation) Pradhan Karma (Main methods)which includes : Vaman (Induced vomiting) Virechan (Induced purgation) Basti (Medicated enema) Nasya (Nasal medicine) Rakta Mokshan (Artificial bloodletting) Pashchat Karma (Post-Therapeutic Measures)which includes: Sansarjan Krama (Specific dietetics), DhumaPana (smoking of medicinal cigars) and some rules to follow specific activities. Purvakarma : Pre-purification Measures Before the actual operation of purification begins, there is a need to prepare the body in prescribed methods to encourage the body to let go of the toxins. The two procedures are 'snehan' and 'swedan'. Snehan is the oil massage. Oil is applied to the entire body with a particular type of massage which helps the toxins to move towards the gastro-intestinal tract. Oil massage also makes the superficial and deep tissues soft and supple. Snehan is given daily for three to seven days, as indicated. Swedan is sudation or sweating and is given every day immediately following the snehan. An herbal concoction may be added to the steam to further loosen the toxins from the individual. Swedan liquefies the toxins and increases the movement of toxins into the gastro-intestinal tract. After three to seven days of snehan and swedan, the doshas become well "ripened". A particular panchakarma method is then given according to the individual's constitution and disorder, prakruti and vikruti, respectively. Panchakarma - Five Basic Shodhans: Cleansing Methods 1) Vaman : therapeutic vomiting or emesis 2) Virechan : purgation 3) Basti : enema 4) Nasya : elimination of toxins through the nose 5) Rakta moksha : detoxification of the blood Vaman: Emesis Therapy When there is congestion in the lungs causing repeated attacks of bronchitis, colds, cough or asthma, the Ayurvedic treatment is therapeutic vomiting, vaman, to eliminate the kapha causing the excess mucus. First, after the snehan and swedan, three to four glasses of licorice or salt water is administered, then vomiting is stimulated by rubbing the tongue which triggers the vomiting center through the gag reflex. One may alternatively take two to three glasses of salt water which will also aggravate kapha and then rub the tongue to induce vomiting. Once the mucus is released the patient will feel instantly relieved. It is likely that congestion, wheezing and breathlessness will disappear and that the sinuses will become clear. Therapeutic vomiting is also indicated in chronic asthma, diabetes, chronic cold, lymphatic congestion, chronic indigestion and edema. Emetic Substances: madan-emetic nut, madhuka-yastimadhu-licorice, neem-bitter leaf, bimbi, kutaj-kurchi- conessi bark, murva-clematis, triloba-devdaru-deodar, Cedrus deodara, Salt, NaCl, ela-cardamom, nux vomica. Indications for Vaman : used for all kapha type disorders good for pitta headache, dizziness, and nausea will help to release blocked emotions respiratory congestion bronchitis chronic cold sinus congestion kaphagenic asthma Contra-Indications for Vaman : below the age of 12 or over age 65 menstruation pre-menstrual period (one week prior) pregnancy emaciation delicate or sensitive person with too much fear, grief or anxiety hypoglycemia vata prakruti vata diseases heart diseases during vata season acute fever diarrhea obesity Virechan : Purgation Therapy When excess bile, pitta, is secreted and accumulated in the gall bladder, liver and small intestine, it tends to result in rashes, skin inflammation, acne, chronic attacks of fever, biliary vomiting, nausea and jaundice. Ayurvedic literature suggests in these conditions the administration of therapeutic purgation or a therapeutic laxative. Virechan is facilitated with senna leaves, flax seeds, psyllium husks or triphala in a combination that is appropriate for the individual person. Virechan Substances: Senna, prune, bran, flaxseed husk, dandelion root, psyllium seed, cow's milk, salt, castor oil, raisins, mango juice, triphala. Indications for Virechan: allergic rash skin inflammation acne, dermatitis, eczema chronic fever ascites biliary vomiting jaundice urinary disorder enlargement of the spleen internal worms burning sensation in the eyes inflammation of the eyes conjunctivitis gout Contra-Indications for Virechan: low agni acute fever diarrhea severe constipation bleeding from rectum or lung cavities foreign body in the stomach after enema emaciation or weakness prolapsed rectum alcoholism dehydration childhood old age ulcerative colitisAyurveda-Panchakarma Basti & Nasya -2 Basti: Enema Therapy Vata's predominant site is the colon. Ayurvedic basti involves the introduction into the rectum of herbal concoctions of sesame oil, and certain herbal preparations in a liquid medium. Basti, is the most effective treatment of vata disorders, although many enemas over a prescribed period of time are usually required. It relieves constipation, distention, chronic fever, cold, sexual disorders, kidney stones, heart pain, backache, sciatica and other pains in the joints. Many other vata disorders such as arthritis, rheumatism, gout, muscle spasms and headaches may also be treated with basti. Vata is a very active principle in pathogenesis. If we can control vata through the use of basti, we have gone a long way in going to the root cause of the vast majority of diseases. Vata is the main etiological factor in the manifestation of diseases. It is the motive force behind the elimination and retention of feces, urine, bile and other excreta. There are eight main types of basti, according to traditional texts, each with their own indications and contra-indications as listed below. 1. Anuvasana (oil enema) is used in pure vata disorders and when a person is having excess hunger or dryness related to vata imbalances. 2. Niruha-Asthapana (decoction enema) is used, among other conditions, for evacuation of vata, nervous diseases, gastro-intestinal vata conditions, gout, certain fever conditions, unconsciousness, certain urinary conditions, appetite, pain, hyperacidity and heart diseases. 3. Uttara Basti (through the urethra with men or vagina with women) is used for selected semen and ovulation disorders and for some problems involving painful urination or bladder infections. This is not to be used for someone with diabetes. 4. Matra Basti (daily oil enema) is used by someone emaciated by overwork or too much exercise, too much heavy lifting, walking too long of a distance, too much sexual activity or someone with chronic vata disorders. It does not need to be accompanied by any strict dietary restriction or daily routine and can be administered, in the appropriate cases, in all seasons. It gives strength, promotes weight and helps elimination of waste products. 5. Karma Basti (schedule of 30 bastis), 6. Kala Basti (schedule of 15 bastis; 10 oil + 5 decoction) 7. Yoga Basti (schedule of 8 bastis; 5 oil + 3 decoction). 8. Bruhana Basti (nutritional enema) is used for providing deep nutrition in select conditions. Traditionally, highly nutritive substances have been used, such as warm milk, meat broth, bone marrow soup and herbs like shatavari or ashwagandha. General Indications for Basti: constipation low back ache gout rheumatism sciatica arthritis nervous disorders vata headache emaciation muscular atrophy General Contra-Indications for Basti (include but are not limited to the following): Enema therapy should not be used if the patient is suffering from diarrhea, bleeding of the rectum, chronic indigestion, breathlessness, diabetes, fever, emaciation, severe anemia, pulmonary tuberculosis, old age or for children below the age of seven years. for oil enemas: diabetes, obesity, indigestion, low agni, enlarged liver or spleen, unconsciousness, tuberculosis and cough. for decoction enemas: debility, hiccough, hemorrhoids, inflammation of anus, piles, diarrhea, pregnancy, ascites, diabetes and some conditions involving painful or difficult breathing. for nutritional enemas: diabetes, obesity, lymphatic obstruction, ascites. for urethra or vaginal enemas: diabetes Nasya: Nasal Administration The nose is the doorway to the brain and it is also the doorway to consciousness. The nasal administration of medication is called nasya. An excess of bodily humors accumulated in the sinus, throat, nose or head areas is eliminated by means of the nearest possible opening, the nose. Prana, life force as nerve energy, enters the body through the breath taken in through the nose. Prana is in the brain and maintains sensory and motor functions. Prana also governs mental activities, memory, concentration and intellectual activities. Deranged prana creates defective functioning of all these activities and produces headaches, convulsions, loss of memory and reduced sensory perception. Thus nasal administration, nasya is indicated for prana disorders, sinus congestion, migraine headaches, convulsions and certain eye and ear problems. There are six main types of nasya, as listed below. 1. Pradhamana (virechan) Nasya (cleansing nasya) uses dry powders (rather than oils) that are blown into the nose with a tube. Pradhamana nasya is mainly used for kapha types of diseases involving headaches, heaviness in the head, cold, nasal congestion, sticky eyes, hoarseness of voice due to sticky kapha, sinusitis, cervical lymph adenitis, tumors, worms, some skin diseases, epilepsy, drowsiness, Parkinsonism, inflammation of the nasal mucosa, attachment, greed and lust. Traditionally, powders such as brahmi are used. 2. Bruhana Nasya (nutrition nasya) uses ghee, oils, salt, shatavari ghee, ashwagandha ghee and medicated milk and is used mainly for vata disorders. It is said to benefit conditions resulting from vata imbalances such as vata-type headaches, migraine headache, dryness of voice, dry nose, nervousness, anxiety, fear, dizziness, emptiness, negativity, heaviness of eyelids, bursitis, stiffness in the neck, dry sinuses and loss of sense of smell. 3. Shaman Nasya (sedative nasya) is used according to which dosha is aggravated but mainly for pitta-type disorders such as thinning of hair, conjunctivitis and ringing in the ears. Generally certain herbal medicated decoctions, teas and medicated oils are used. 4. Navana Nasya (decoction nasya) is used in vata-pitta or kapha-pitta disorders and is made from decoctions and oils together. 5. Marshya Nasya (ghee or oil nasya) 6. Prati Marshya (daily oil nasya) This helps to open deep tissues and can be done every day and at any time to release stress. Substances Used in Nasya: brahmi, ginger, ghee oils, decoctions, onion, garlic, Piper longum, black pepper, curry pepper, rose, jasmine, mogra flowers and henna. Indications for Nasya: stress emotional imbalances stiffness in the neck & shoulders dryness of the nose sinus congestion hoarseness migraine headache convulsions Contra-Indications for Nasya: sinus infections pregnancy menstruation after sex, bathing, eating or drinking of alcohol should not be used below 7 years or over 80 years of age Click here to read more about 'Nasyakarma' Raktamoksha : Traditional Ayurvedic Method for Purification and Cleansing of the Blood Toxins present in the gastro-intestinal tract are absorbed into the blood and circulated throughout the body. This condition is called toxemia, which is the basic cause of repeated infections, hypertension and certain other circulatory conditions. This includes repeated attacks of skin disorders such as urticaria, rashes, herpes, eczema, acne, leukoderma, chronic itching or hives. In such conditions, along with internal medication, elimination of the toxins and purification of the blood is necessary. Raktamoksha is also indicated for cases of enlarged liver, spleen and gout. Extracting a small amount of blood from a vein relieves the tension created by the pittagenic toxins in the blood. Bloodletting also stimulates the spleen to produce antitoxic substances which helps to stimulate the immune system. Toxins are neutralized enabling radical cures in many blood born disorders. Bloodletting is contraindicated in cases of anemia, edema, extreme weakness, diabetes and in children and elderly persons. Indications for Raktamoksha: urticaria rash acne eczema scabies leukoderma chronic itching hives enlarged liver or spleen gout Contra-Indications for Raktamoksha: anemia edema weakness young children old age during pregnancy during menstruation Read more about Various Diseases and Indicated Panchakarma procedures for them > @Dr. Tapan Kumar Sau11 Likes15 Answers