SLEEP DEPRIVATION is something very common this days. It includes all the sleeplessness, disturbed sleep as well as over powering sleep. well, i won't be able to talk about everything today, here, on this blog, though, let me talk about "INSOMNIA - A sleep disorder where a person gets trouble in falling and/or staying asleep" in short descriptive manner.
As written on the website of SleepFoundation.org, According to guidelines from a physician group, insomnia is difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, even when a person has the chance to do so. People with insomnia can feel dissatisfied with their sleep and usually experience one or more of the following symptoms: fatigue, low energy, difficulty concentrating, mood disturbances, and decreased performance in work or at school.
Wikipedia describes Insomnia as a sleep disorder in which people have trouble sleeping. They may have difficulty falling asleep, or staying asleep as long as desired. Insomnia is typically followed by daytime sleepiness, low energy, irritability, and a depressed mood. It may result in an increased risk of motor vehicle collisions, as well as problems focusing and learning. Insomnia can be short term, lasting for days or weeks, or long term, lasting more than a month.
In 18th edition of Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine Insomnia is defined as An acute or chronic inability to initiate or maintain sleep adequately at night.
Well, There can be number of reasons for this disorder and obviously there are number of solutions which are being tried..!
Let us see some common ones...
As mentioned on Wikipedia, Insomnia can be due to one or more of following reasons,
1) Use of psychoactive drugs (such as stimulants), including certain medications, herbs, caffeine, nicotine, cocaine, amphetamines, methylphenidate, aripiprazole, MDMA, modafinil, or excessive alcohol intake.
2) Use of or withdrawal from alcohol and other sedatives, such as anti-anxiety and sleep drugs like benzodiazepines.
3) Use of or withdrawal from pain-relievers such as opioids.
4) Previous thoracic surgery.
5) Heart disease.
6) Deviated nasal septum and nocturnal breathing disorders.
7) Restless legs syndrome, which can cause sleep onset insomnia due to the discomforting sensations felt and the need to move the legs or other body parts to relieve these sensations.
8) Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD), which occurs during sleep and can cause arousals of which the sleeper is unaware.
9) Pain, an injury or condition that causes pain can preclude an individual from finding a comfortable position in which to fall asleep, and can in addition cause awakening.
10) Hormone shifts such as those that precede menstruation and those during menopause.
11) Life events such as fear, stress, anxiety, emotional or mental tension, work problems, financial stress, birth of a child, and bereavement.
12) Gastrointestinal issues such as heartburn or constipation.
13) Mental disorders such as bipolar disorder, clinical depression, generalized anxiety disorder, post traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia, obsessive compulsive disorder, dementia, and ADHD.
14) Disturbances of the circadian rhythm, such as shift work and jet lag, can cause an inability to sleep at some times of the day and excessive sleepiness at other times of the day. Chronic circadian rhythm disorders are characterized by similar symptoms.
15) Certain neurological disorders, brain lesions, or a history of traumatic brain injury.
16) Medical conditions such as hyperthyroidism
17) Abuse of over-the counter or prescription sleep aids (sedative or depressant drugs) can produce rebound insomnia.
18) Poor sleep hygiene, e.g., noise or over-consumption of caffeine.
19) A rare genetic condition can cause a prion-based, permanent and eventually fatal form of insomnia called fatal familial insomnia.
20) Physical exercise. Exercise-induced insomnia is common in athletes in the form of prolonged sleep onset latency.
21) Increased exposure to the blue light from artificial sources, such as phones or computers
22) Chronic pain
23) Lower back pain
Finding and treating the root cause is the ultimate solution...!!! NOT so easy, May be NOT always possible But obviously Worthy whenever possible..!!!
okay, Let us see, what else can be done...
As mentioned on the website of Sleep Education,
In many cases, by practicing good sleep hygiene and changing your sleep habits you can improve your sleep. Sleep hygiene is a set of bedtime habits and rituals you can do every night to improve how you sleep.
You can also try Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia, or CBT-I, which addresses the thoughts and behaviors that keep you from sleeping well.
you can also contact Your medical provider, who may prescribe you a medication to treat your insomnia. Sleeping pills that are approved to treat insomnia are called "hypnotics." You may build a tolerance to these medications over time. Some medications that treat other problems also may help you sleep. Your provider can decide which medication is best for you. You should only take a medication when supervised by a medical provider.
Last but not the least, you can also contact your homeopath and try Constitutional Treatment which means the treatment of a person as a whole, including past and present symptoms of that particular individual person. When accurately implemented, homeopathic constitutional care can elicit a profound healing response As mentioned in Homeopathy FAQs on the website of WholeHealthNow.com
What are your experiences in the cases of Insomnia?