Informative post sir
Very nice informetive n helpful post sir, but in Ayurveda Kamdudha motiyukta 2bd Sutsekhar 2bd Chandanasawa 30ml with warm watet bd .
Very helpful knowledge. Please update other more information. Thanks
Dr ranjitporiya .Nice Informative information Sir.
Nice educative & informative post.
Allergic rash prurities pistule
Informative and helpful post
अति उत्तम धन्यवाद देता हूं
Nice information Doctor
Very informative post
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Friends today I am discussing about Allergies. An allergy is an immune system response to a foreign substance that’s not typically harmful to your body. These foreign substances are called allergens. They can include certain foods, pollen, or pet dander. Your immune system’s job is to keep you healthy by fighting harmful pathogens. It does this by attacking anything it thinks could put your body in danger. Depending on the allergen, this response may involve inflammation, sneezing, or a host of other symptoms. Your immune system normally adjusts to your environment. For example, when your body encounters something like pet dander, it should realize it’s harmless. In people with dander allergies, the immune system perceives it as an outside invader threatening the body and attacks it. Allergies are common. Several treatments can help you avoid your symptoms. Symptoms of allergies The symptoms you experience because of allergies are the result of several factors. These include the type of allergy you have and how severe the allergy is. If you take any medication before an anticipated allergic response, you may still experience some of these symptoms, but they may be reduced. For food allergies Food allergies can trigger swelling, hives, nausea, fatigue, and more. It may take a while for a person to realize that they have a food allergy. If you have a serious reaction after a meal and you’re not sure why, see a medical professional immediately. They can find the exact cause of your reaction or refer you to a specialist. For seasonal allergies Hay fever symptoms can mimic those of a cold. They include congestion, runny nose, and swollen eyes. Most of the time, you can manage these symptoms at home using over-the-counter treatments. See your doctor if your symptoms become unmanageable. For severe allergies Severe allergies can cause anaphylaxis. This is a life-threatening emergency that can lead to breathing difficulties, lightheadedness, and loss of consciousness. If you’re experiencing these symptoms after coming in contact with a possible allergen, seek medical help immediately. Everyone’s signs and symptoms of an allergic reaction are different. Read more about allergy symptoms and what might cause them. Allergies on skin Skin allergies may be a sign or symptom of an allergy. They may also be the direct result of exposure to an allergen. For example, eating a food you’re allergic to can cause several symptoms. You may experience tingling in your mouth and throat. You may also develop a rash. Contact dermatitis, however, is the result of your skin coming into direct contact with an allergen. This could happen if you touch something you’re allergic to, such as a cleaning product or plant. Types of skin allergies include: Rashes. Areas of skin are irritated, red, or swollen, and can be painful or itchy. Eczema. Patches of skin become inflamed and can itch and bleed. Contact dermatitis. Red, itchy patches of skin develop almost immediately after contact with an allergen. Sore throat. Pharynx or throat is irritated or inflamed. Hives. Red, itchy, and raised welts of various sizes and shapes develop on the surface of the skin. Swollen eyes. Eyes may be watery or itchy and look “puffy.” Itching. There’s irritation or inflammation in the skin. Burning. Skin inflammation leads to discomfort and stinging sensations on the skin. Rashes are one of the most common symptoms of a skin allergy. Find out how to identify rashes and how to treat them. Causes of allergies Researchers aren’t exactly sure why the immune system causes an allergic reaction when a normally harmless foreign substance enters the body. Allergies have a genetic component. This means parents can pass them down to their children. However, only a general susceptibility to allergic reaction is genetic. Specific allergies aren’t passed down. For instance, if your mother is allergic to shellfish, it doesn’t necessarily mean that you’ll be, too. Common types of allergens include: Animal products. These include pet dander, dust mite waste, and cockroaches. Drugs. Penicillin and sulfa drugs are common triggers. Foods. Wheat, nuts, milk, shellfish, and egg allergies are common. Insect stings. These include bees, wasps, and mosquitoes. Mold. Airborne spores from mold can trigger a reaction. Plants. Pollens from grass, weeds, and trees, as well as resin from plants such as poison ivy and poison oak, are very common plant allergens. Other allergens. Latex, often found in latex gloves and condoms, and metals like nickel are also common allergens. Seasonal allergies, also known as hay fever, are some of the most common allergies. These are caused by pollen released by plants. They cause: itchy eyes watery eyes runny nose coughing Food allergies are becoming more common. Find out about the most common types of food allergies and the symptoms they cause. Allergy treatments The best way to avoid allergies is to stay away from whatever triggers the reaction. If that’s not possible, there are treatment options available. Medication Allergy treatment often includes medications like antihistamines to control symptoms. The medication can be over the counter or prescription. What your doctor recommends depends on the severity of your allergies. Allergy medications include: antihistamines like diphenhydramine (Benadryl) corticosteroids cetirizine (Zyrtec) loratadine (Claritin) cromolyn sodium (Gastrocrom) decongestants (Afrin, Suphedrine PE, Sudafed) leukotriene modifiers (Singular, Zyflo) Immunotherapy Many people opt for immunotherapy. This involves several injections over the course of a few years to help the body get used to your allergy. Successful immunotherapy can prevent allergy symptoms from returning. Emergency epinephrine If you have a severe, life-threatening allergy, carry an emergency epinephrine shot. The shot counters allergic reactions until medical help arrives. Common brands of this treatment include EpiPen and Twinject. Some allergic responses are a medical emergency. Prepare for these emergency situations by knowing allergic reaction first aid. Natural remedies for allergies Many natural remedies and supplements are marketed as a treatment and even a way to prevent allergies. Discuss these with your doctor before trying them. Some natural treatments may actually contain other allergens and make your symptoms worse. For example, some dried teas use flowers and plants that are closely related to plants that might be causing you serious sneezing. The same is true for essential oils. Some people use these oils to relieve common symptoms of allergies, but essential oils still contain ingredients that can cause allergies. Each type of allergy has a host of natural remedies that may help speed up recovery. There are also natural options for children’s allergies, too. How allergies are diagnosed Your doctor can diagnose allergies in several ways. First, your doctor will ask about your symptoms and perform a physical exam. They’ll ask about anything unusual you may have eaten recently and any substances you may have come in contact with. For example, if you have a rash on your hands, your doctor may ask if you put on latex gloves recently. Lastly, a blood test and skin test can confirm or diagnose allergens your doctor suspects you have. Allergy blood test Your doctor may order a blood test. Your blood will be tested for the presence of allergy-causing antibodies called immunoglobulin E (IgE). These are cells that react to allergens. Your doctor will use a blood test to confirm a diagnosis if they’re worried about the potential for a severe allergic reaction. Skin test Your doctor may also refer you to an allergist for testing and treatment. A skin test is a common type of allergy test carried out by an allergist. During this test, your skin is pricked or scratched with small needles containing potential allergens. Your skin’s reaction is documented. If you’re allergic to a particular substance, your skin will become red and inflamed. Different tests may be needed to diagnose all your potential allergies. Start here to get a better understanding of how allergy testing works. Preventing symptoms There’s no way to prevent allergies. But there are ways to prevent the symptoms from occurring. The best way to prevent allergy symptoms is to avoid the allergens that trigger them. Avoidance is the most effective way to prevent food allergy symptoms. An elimination diet can help you determine the cause of your allergies so you know how to avoid them. To help you avoid food allergens, thoroughly read food labels and ask questions while dining out. Preventing seasonal, contact, and other allergies comes down to knowing where the allergens are located and how to avoid them. If you’re allergic to dust, for example, you can help reduce symptoms by installing proper air filters in your home, getting your air ducts professionally cleaned, and dusting your home regularly. Proper allergy testing can help you pinpoint your exact triggers, which makes them easier to avoid. These other tips can also help you avoid dangerous allergic reactions. Complications of allergies While you may think of allergies as those pesky sniffles and sneezes that come around every new season, some of these allergic reactions can actually be life-threatening. Anaphylaxis, for example, is a serious reaction to the exposure of allergens. Most people associate anaphylaxis with food, but any allergen can cause the telltale signs: suddenly narrowed airways increased heart rate possible swelling of the tongue and mouth Allergy symptoms can create many complications. Your doctor can help determine the cause of your symptoms as well as the difference between a sensitivity and a full-blown allergy. Your doctor can also teach you how to manage your allergy symptoms so that you can avoid the worst complications. Asthma and allergies Asthma is a common respiratory condition. It makes breathing more difficult and can narrow the air passageways in your lungs. Asthma is closely related to allergies. Indeed, allergies can make existing asthma worse. It can also trigger asthma in a person who’s never had the condition. Many people with allergies may develop asthma. Here’s how to recognize if it happens to you. Allergies vs. cold Runny nose, sneezing, and coughing are common symptoms of allergies. They also happen to be common symptoms of a cold and a sinus infection. Indeed, deciphering between the sometimes-generic symptoms can be difficult. However, additional signs and symptoms of the conditions may help you distinguish between the three. For example, allergies can cause rashes on your skin and itchy eyes. The common cold can lead to body aches, even fever. A sinus infection typically produces thick, yellow discharge from your nose. Allergies can impact your immune system for prolonged periods of time. When the immune system is compromised, it makes you more likely to pick up viruses you come into contact with. This includes the virus that causes the common cold. In turn, having allergies actually increases your risk for having more colds. Identify the differences between the two common conditions with this helpful chart. Allergy cough Hay fever can produce symptoms that include sneezing, coughing, and a persistent, stubborn cough. It’s the result of your body’s overreaction to allergens. It isn’t contagious, but it can be miserable. Unlike a chronic cough, a cough caused by allergies and hay fever is temporary. You may only experience the symptoms of this seasonal allergy during specific times of the year, when plants are first blooming. Additionally, seasonal allergies can trigger asthma, and asthma can cause coughing. When a person with common seasonal allergies is exposed to an allergen, tightening airways can lead to a cough. Shortness of breath and chest tightening may also occur. Find out why hay fever coughs are typically worse at night and what you can do to ease them. Allergies and bronchitis Viruses or bacteria can cause bronchitis, or it can be the result of allergies. The first type, acute bronchitis, typically ends after several days or weeks. Chronic bronchitis, however, can linger for months, possibly longer. It may also return frequently. Exposure to common allergens is the most common cause of chronic bronchitis. These allergens include: cigarette smoke air pollution dust pollen chemical fumes Unlike seasonal allergies, many of these allergens linger in environments like houses or offices. That can make chronic bronchitis more persistent and more likely to return. A cough is the only common symptom between chronic and acute bronchitis. Learn the other symptoms of bronchitis so you can understand more clearly what you may have. Allergies and babies Skin allergies are more common in younger children today than they were just a few decades ago. However, skin allergies decrease as children grow older. Respiratory and food allergies become more common as children get older. Common skin allergies on babies include: Eczema. This is an inflammatory skin condition that causes red rashes that itch. These rashes may develop slowly but be persistent. Allergic contact dermatitis. This type of skin allergy appears quickly, often immediately after your baby comes into contact with the irritant. More serious contact dermatitis can develop into painful blisters and cause skin cracking. Hives. Hives are red bumps or raised areas of skin that develop after exposure to an allergen. They don’t become scaly and crack, but itching the hives may make the skin bleed. Unusual rashes or hives on your baby’s body may alarm you. Understanding the difference in the type of skin allergies babies commonly experience can help you find a better treatment. Living with allergies Allergies are common and don’t have life-threatening consequences for most people. People who are at risk of anaphylaxis can learn how to manage their allergies and what to do in an emergency situation. Homeopathy is based on the paradoxical theory that “like cures like.” A substance (such as coffee) that causes a particular set of symptoms (such as insomnia, restlessness, and irritability) in a large dose can relieve those symptoms in an extremely diluted dose Here are common homeopathic remedies for allergies. Find the one that describes your dominant symptoms, and take a low-potency dosage (between 6x and 30c) two to three times a day for two weeks. If you notice that you’re feeling better, continue taking it through the allergy season or until you are symptom-free. If not, work with a qualified homeopath to find the right remedy. Allium cepa Try this remedy when nasal mucus irritates your nose or upper lip; your eyes are runny but the discharge is bland and non-irritating; you feel worse from warm rooms, and better in open air. Arsenicum album Symptoms for this remedy include stuffiness and copious watery nasal discharge that burns the lips; a burning sensation in the eyes, nose, and/or throat (often right-sided); sneezing upon waking, often with a tickle in the nose; anxiety and restlessness; symptoms are better from warmth (hot drinks, warm baths). Euphrasia officinalis Symptoms for this remedy are centered in the eyes: profuse tearing that is acrid and burning in nature; bland, non-irritating nasal discharge. Respiratory symptoms (runny nose, cough) are worse on rising in the morning; symptoms are better in open air and in the dark. Natrum muriaticum Try this remedy when you have a watery or egg-white-like nasal discharge; paroxysms of sneezing; chapped lips and cracks at the corners of the mouth; dark circles under the eyes; headaches. Sabadilla Symptoms for this remedy include an itchy nose; violent, debilitating sneezing; runny eyes that become worse in cold outdoor air and from flower pollen; symptoms are better from warm drinks and warm rooms. Wyethia Try this remedy when you experience extreme itching in the throat and palate that can extend to the ears; or a sore throat with hoarseness. Most health food stores carry homeopathic remedies, as well as combination remedies, which mix several remedies together into one “allergy relief” tablet. Although the latter approach sacrifices the precision of individualized prescribing, many allergy sufferers still find relief from their symptoms.Dr. Rajesh Gupta4 Likes4 Answers
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Friends today I am discusing about Eczema . Homeopathic Medicines for Eczema There is a great scope of treating eczema with homeopathy, which takes a mild, gentle approach to treat eczema. Homeopathy treats eczema in two phases: in the first phase, the medicines control itching. In the next phase, they heal the lesions and control further progression of eczema. They also work wonders in case of eczema attended with complaints of hay fever and asthma. Prominent names in this category are Graphites, Sulphur, Petroleum, Mezereum, and Natrum Mur. These medicines for eczema are natural and therefore, safe from any adverse side-effects. They can be taken by persons of all age groups. Homeopathic Medicines for Eczema 1. Graphites – Top grade Medicine for Eczema Graphites is one of the top grade medicines for eczema. Graphites works well in case of both dry eczema and moist eczema. The key symptoms to look out for in dry eczema before prescribing Graphites are – excessively rough, dry skin attended with intense irritation. In moist eczema, the skin eruptions will ooze moist, sticky fluid where Graphites will show results. Graphites also works well for eczema between fingers and toes oozing glutinous discharge. It is also a good choice of medicine for eczema of eyelids with red margins and scaliness. 2. Natrum Mur – For Eczema in Bend of Limbs For eczema in the bends of limbs, Natrum Mur falls in the category of highly rated medicines. The bends of limbs include those behind the knee and folds of skin between the elbows. The eczema eruptions in the bends of limbs are dry, chapped, raw, inflamed and crusty in nature. In addition to this, Natrum Mur is a well-indicated medicine for eczema eruptions arising around the margin of the hairline. 3. Sulphur and Psorinum – For Dry Eczema with Excessive Itching Sulphur is a prominent medicine for eczema with excessive itching and eczema rash. This is attended with intense scratching. Burning sensation follows scratching of the rash. The itching worsens in the evening and night time. Warmth also worsens the itching. In some cases, washing may increase the itching in eczema rash. The skin looks very dirty and unhealthy. Another guiding feature for use of Sulphur is eczema that worsens in the spring season. Sulphur is also the most appropriate choice of medicine for eczema cases that have been treated with ointments in the past. Psorinum is helpful for dry, itchy eczema where a person scratches until it bleeds. Another indication for using Psorinum is worsening of eczema in winter and relief during summer. Psorinum is also a well-indicated medicine for eczema behind the ears. 4. Petroleum – For Eczema that Worsens in Winter In cases where eczema gets worse during the winter, medicine Petroleum is prescribed. The person who needs Petroleum has skin that is very rough, hard and thick. Deep cracks appear on the affected skin. The cracks may bleed in some cases. Burning and itching are present on the skin which is highly sensitive to the touch. Petroleum also works very well in cases of eczema with deep cracks on the fingertips. 5. Mezereum – For Eczema with Thick, Crusty Eruptions Mezereum is the most suited for eczema with thick, crusty eruptions. There is a discharge of glutinous character from these eruptions. In some cases, pus discharge may be observed along with blood. The discharge is acrid in nature with intolerable itching. On scratching, the itching changes place very often. Mezereum works wonders in treating eczema of the scalp as well. The key features here are thick, leather-like crusty eruptions on the scalp with sticky or pus-like discharge. It is attended with marked burning and intense itching. The discharge is highly offensive in nature. The hair gets matted together due to the sticky discharge. 6. Vinca Minor – For Eczema of Scalp In addition to Mezereum, another wonderful medicine for eczema where it appears on the scalp is Vinca Minor. The person needing Vinca Minor has eruptions in spots on the scalp. The eruptions ooze discharge that may result in matting of the hair. Excessive itching with an irresistible desire to scratch predominate. 7. Arsenic Album – For Eczema with Asthma Arsenic Album is a top grade medicine for eczema where it is accompanied by asthma. The symptoms include dry, rough itchy skin. Burning sensation in eruptions may be marked. Cold may worsen the itching and burning. Along with eczema, asthmatic symptoms with marked dyspnoea, suffocative attacks, cough, constriction in air passages are present. Arsenic Album is also an excellent medicine for cases of eczema with hay fever. Both these conditions may coexist or may alternate with one another. Frequently Asked Questions 1. What is Eczema? Eczema, also known as dermatitis, is a common skin complaint. It is characterized by inflamed skin with dry rash, erythema, papules, vesicles or pustules. Erythema is red skin discoloration; papules refer to eruptions of less than 1cm without any fluid; vesicles refer to fluid filled eruptions; pustules refer to pus-filled eruptions. In the long run, it results in thickening of the skin. Itching and scratching – varying from mild to severe intensity – may be present. With scratching, the skin may even bleed. Eczema may cover a small area of the body or may be widespread, covering the entire body. 2. What causes eczema? The exact cause of eczema is not yet known. A combination of genetic and environmental factors play a role. Persons with a family history of eczema or any other allergy such as hay fever, urticaria, asthma stand a high risk of developing eczema. 3. How can I tell I have eczema? Eczema can be broadly divided into two types – dry and moist. Dry eczema appears as itchy rash while moist eczema will show up as skin eruptions oozing discharge which varies in consistency from watery to sticky or pus-like. If you see any of these signs, there are chances that you may have eczema. There are no specific lab investigations for eczema. Eczema is diagnosed based on the clinical presentation of skin eruptions. A family history of eczema adds to the likelihood that the symptoms are those of eczema. 4. At what age is eczema likely to appear? In a majority of the cases, eczema starts early, before 5 years of age. However, eczema can show up in the teenage years and in adults as well. 5. Which part of the skin is more vulnerable to eczema? Eczema can develop in any part of the skin, but the location may vary with the age group. In children, common areas are the face, scalp, and chest. Adults are more likely to get eczema in the bends of elbow and hollow of the knees. 6. Why does my child have eczema? The answer could lie in his genes. If a child has eczema, there are chances he has atopic dermatitis. Atopy is a term applied to a genetic predisposition towards developing allergic diseases like hay fever, dermatitis, and asthma. 7. What are the various types of eczema? The various types of eczema include atopic dermatitis, seborrhoeic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema, venous/stasis eczema. Atopic dermatitis runs in families and starts in childhood. It is characterized by skin inflammation with a dry, itchy rash. Atopy is a genetic tendency to develop allergic diseases. Asthma and hay fever often arise in addition to eczema in atopic dermatitis Seborrhoeic dermatitis mainly affects the scalp, face, and eyelids. It will show up as scaly, greasy or crusty lesions. In infants, thick, crusty eruptions appearing on the scalp is referred to as cradle cap Contact dermatitis is mainly of two types – allergic contact dermatitis and irritant contact dermatitis. In allergic contact dermatitis, the allergic reaction appears on the skin when exposed to a foreign substance like nikel, gold and cosmetics. Irritant contact dermatitis arises when the skin comes in contact with a toxic or irritating substance such as detergent, bleach or battery acid. Dyshidrotic eczema is mainly visible on the soles and palms. It is characterized by the presence of vesicles (fluid filled bumps) Venous/stasis eczema mainly develops on the lower limbs from poor blood circulation and varicose veins. There remains a tendency to develop leg ulcer in such cases 8. Is eczema an allergy? There are cases of eczema that are allergic in origin, but not every case is an allergy. In allergic eczema, the skin reacts on coming into contact with an allergen. Few common allergens are poison ivy, nickel, cosmetics, and antibiotic creams. 9. Can eczema spread from skin contact? No, eczema is not contagious. It does not spread from one person to another via the skin. 10. My 2-year-old has eczema. Will it cure itself as he grows? Yes, there are chances that your child’s eczema will go away as he gets older. However, the age at which a child will start to show improvement varies though most children do start to get better by the age of three years. 11. Does stress cause eczema? Stress does not cause eczema, but yes it can cause eczema symptoms to flare up or intensify. 12. Is eczema related to weather? Eczema can arise irrespective of the weather conditions though it usually gets triggered in cold weather. 13. Will applying topical steroids/ointment help cure eczema? Ointment application offers relief from the itching, burning sensation in eczema. However, this relief is short term and ends up suppressing eczema. Treatment of eczema needs to work inside out to show results. 14. I have had eczema for years. Does Homeopathy have a permanent solution? Yes, eczema can be permanently cured with medicines though the results vary from person to person. Factors such as the severity of eczema, the spread of eczema and the duration decide the extent to which medicines will help. Also, each body responds differently to homeopathy, which decides how well an individual feels. 15. Can lifestyle changes bring relief from eczema? Yes, a few basic lifestyle measures, when adopted, can help manage eczema. These measures are as follows: Avoid bathing with water that is too cold or too hot Use a very mild soap while bathing Avoid using cosmetics and perfumes Wear cotton clothes preferably. Avoid synthetic and woolens Do yoga, meditation or breathing exercises to manage stress Avoid excessive scratching of the skin. Use a moisturizer in dry eczema to reduce itching Avoid exposure to extremely cold environments.Dr. Rajesh Gupta8 Likes12 Answers
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Friends today I am discussing about a very serious problem most of the peoples have on change of weather. As weather is changing in these days here value of the content is important. Topic is Allergic bronchitis. Bronchitis is an inflammation in the lining of the bronchial tubes. These tubes in the lung carry air into the lungs from the mouth and nose. The swelling narrows the airway causing a cough and may make breathing more difficult. The irritation can also lead to increased production of mucus, which blocks the airway. Bronchitis can be classified as either allergic, non-allergic, or asthmatic, depending on its cause. Although the symptoms of bronchitis are similar regardless of the cause, there may also be differences, especially in how long a person will feel the effects of the condition. What is allergic bronchitis? Allergic bronchitis Allergic bronchitis occurs when an allergen inflamed the lining of the bronchial tubes. Allergic bronchitis involves inflammation of the bronchi caused by an allergen, or something to which you are allergic. Airway irritants, such as pollen, dust, and mold, can trigger symptoms. Cigarette smoking almost always causes allergic bronchitis. The symptoms of allergic bronchitis may last for a long time or keep recurring. Allergic bronchitis that lasts longer than three months is often called chronic bronchitis. This is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Chronic bronchitis is almost always caused by cigarette smoking. Symptoms of allergic bronchitis include: a cough that produces mucus wheezing chest tightness tiredness Bronchitis can also lead to complications. For example, lung infection, such as pneumonia, can occur. In the most severe cases, pneumonia can lead to an infection in the bloodstream called septicemia. Septicemia is often life-threatening. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Click here to learn more about COPD. READ NOW Non-allergic bronchitis Non-allergic bronchitis occurs because of a viral or bacterial infection. For example, some people develop non-allergic bronchitis after a cold. Although anyone can develop non-allergic bronchitis, older adults have a higher risk of experiencing the condition. People with weakened immune systems and those who smoke also have a higher chance of developing bronchitis after an upper airway infection. Symptoms often improve within a few weeks and are less likely to recur than the symptoms of allergic bronchitis. Non-allergic bronchitis is sometimes called acute bronchitis, as symptoms may onset suddenly and are typically brief. Symptoms of non-allergic bronchitis might include: a cough that produces mucus chills fever What is asthmatic bronchitis? Asthmatic bronchitis Asthmatic bronchitis can occur in people who already have asthma as an underlying condition. Like bronchitis, asthma is a lung condition that can cause breathing difficulties. Asthma can also cause inflammation of the bronchi, but can also lead to narrowing of the muscles around the airways. When bronchitis and asthma occur together, and symptoms overlap, the condition is often known as asthmatic bronchitis. Inflammation that triggers symptoms of asthmatic bronchitis might occur in someone who has underlying asthma after exposure to certain substances, such as pollen, pollution, and cigarette smoke. Some people also develop asthmatic bronchitis because of a change in weather or exercise routine. People with asthmatic bronchitis respond to these environmental triggers by releasing leukotrienes. These are inflammatory molecules. Leukotrienes cause a series of reactions, including narrowing of the airway. Symptoms of asthmatic bronchitis may include: coughing excess mucus production wheezing shortness of breath Diagnosis A doctor will diagnose allergic bronchitis based on several factors. They will review the medical history of the individual with suspected allergic bronchitis, as well as perform a physical exam, usually ask questions to determine how long symptoms have been occurring. The physician may use a chest X-ray to rule out some other causes of breathing problems, such as pneumonia. They may also request blood tests to help determine if an infection is present. The patient may also receive a pulmonary function test. This involves the individual blowing into a special device called a spirometer. The device measures how much air a person can exhale, and how quickly. The test helps doctors to identify the presence of lung diseases, such as asthma and chronic bronchitis. Treatment Treatments for allergic and asthmatic bronchitis are often similar and may include the following: Bronchodilators Bronchodilators are medications that relax the muscles around the airways. As the muscles relax, the airways dilate or widen, often making breathing easier. People take bronchodilators through a metered dose inhaler. Both short-acting and long-acting bronchodilators are available. Short-acting bronchodilators act quickly to decrease symptoms, but the effects do not last. Long-acting bronchodilators do not reduce symptoms as quickly but control symptoms for a longer period. Steroids Steroids may also be used to treat allergic bronchitis. Steroids decrease inflammation in the bronchi. This action reduces coughing and may help air-flow in the lungs. Although steroids can be an intravenous or oral medication, a physician will often administer them through an inhaler in cases of bronchitis. This allows for quicker and more effective delivery of the drugs to the area that requires treatment. Mucolytics A mucolytic drug is a medication that makes the mucus thinner and less sticky. This making it easier to expel mucus from the lungs by coughing. People can take mucolytics either orally or through a nebulizer. A nebulizer is a device that changes a liquid medication into an aerosol. A person can then inhale this aerosol. Oxygen therapy In some instances, allergic bronchitis can interfere with the efficiency of oxygen flow into and out of the lungs. People with severe allergic bronchitis may have decreased levels of oxygen in the blood. If oxygen levels are low, a doctor may prescribe oxygen therapy. This can help restore oxygen levels to normal. Pulmonary rehabilitation classes People with chronic allergic bronchitis may benefit from pulmonary rehabilitation classes. Pulmonary rehabilitation classes involve supervised exercise, along with education on how to breathe better and manage allergic bronchitis. These classes show people how to decrease exposure to allergens that may trigger symptoms. Acute non-allergic bronchitis often does not require treatment. Doctors treat asthmatic bronchitis in a similar way to allergic bronchitis, with bronchodilators, steroids, and oxygen as needed. However, acute non-allergic bronchitis may also be treated with antibiotics if caused by a bacterial infection, though this is uncommon. In some cases, a doctor may also prescribe leukotriene modifiers to treat asthmatic bronchitis. These work by interfering with the chemical reactions that cause the symptoms of asthmatic bronchitis. Home remedies humidifier A humidifier can moisten the air and loosen mucus. Many of the treatments for allergic bronchitis require a prescription. However, there are also steps a person can take at home to reduce the effects of bronchitis. Although home remedies will not cure the underlying cause of allergic bronchitis, they may help to reduce symptoms. These steps including: Using a humidifier: A humidifier will moisten the air. This can loosen mucus and make it easier to expel. It may also decrease wheezing. People with asthma should check with their doctor before using a humidifier. Drinking plenty of fluids: Drinking enough water may help keep mucus thin. Gargling with salt water: The coughing from allergic bronchitis can lead to a sore throat. Gargling with salt water might ease discomfort. Taking a cough drop: A cough drop may keep the throat moist and can provide relief from coughing. Click here to choose online from an excellent range of humidifiers with thousands of customer reviews. Prevention Preventing allergic bronchitis usually involves avoiding irritants, such as chemical fumes, dust, and air pollution. Prevention of asthmatic bronchitis includes both avoiding triggers and managing your underlying asthma according to the plan developed with your doctor. Cigarette smoke is one of the leading causes of allergic bronchitis, so quitting smoking, or not starting at all, is one of the best ways to prevent the condition. If outdoor allergens, including pollen or mold, tend to cause allergic bronchitis, wear a mask when carrying out yard work. This might also prevent symptoms. BEST HOMEOPATHIC MEDICINES FOR ALLERGY Arsenic alb - There is thin watery discharge from the nose with burning sensation, recurrent sneezing one after another with runny nose. Burning and tearing of eyes . There is puffiness around eyes, stuffy nose. The person has an asthmatic tendency with breathing difficulties, and oppression of chest which is generally worse when he lies down. On sitting with a forward bending posture makes the patient little comfort from his asthmatic problem. There is marked wheezing sound during asthmatic affection. The asthma is worse in wet cold weather. Besides that the constitutional symptoms of arsenic alb are anxiety, restlessness, prostration, burning sensation. The anxiety that is found in Arsenic alb is intermingled with fear. The other prominent symptoms are debility, exhaustion, restlessness, with nightly aggravation. Great exhaustion after a slightest exertion. Sulphur – There is itching with redness of eyes in allergic condition. The itching is followed by burning sensation and relieved by cold application. sulphur patient is always irritable, depressed, thin and weak, but good vappetite. He is having forgetful nature, difficulties in thinking. He has many good ideas but cannot implement it. Selfish type person, no regards for others. very lazy person, not cleanness, never look after about his dressing and clothing. Don’t like to take bath. Having of skin diseases always. The skin rashes itch a lot generally in night and warm atmosphere. The person has a feeling congestion or oppression of chest in asthmatic condition.– Natrum mur – Natrum mur is generally well indicated in case of allergic condition which gives the symptoms of more itching of nose, throat, ear with recurrent sneezing one after another. The characteristic discharge from the mucous membranes is watery or thick whitish, like the white of an egg.Natrum mur patient is very sensitive in nature. Every thing he/she takes into the heart. The person is irritable in nature and when in upset does not like any body’s present or giving of any consolation.Consolation aggravated the state of the mind - the melancholy, the tearfulness, sometimes brings on anger. The Natrum mur patient is extremely emotional. The whole nervous economy is in a state of fret (visible anxious like scratching finger on her skin in worry). Completely or desperately in love brings on complaints. The natrum mur patient desire to take extra salt in his diet. Sabadilla- it has good action on mucous membrane of the nose and the lachrymal glands, producing coryza and symptoms like hay-fever. There isspasmodic sneezing one after another. symptoms of hay-fever or allergic rhinitis with itchy nose and fluent coryza. Either nostril stuffed up, inspiration through nose labored, snoring. Violent sneezing is occurred from time to time, shaking abdomen followed by lachrymation. There is runny nose with severe frontal headache and redness of eyelids. Allium Cepa Allium Cepa is one of the most commonly used Homeopathic medicines for Allergic Rhinitis or Hay Fever. It is generally used in the symptoms of severe runny nose that drips from the tip of nose with watery eyes. There is burning of nose due to over secretion mucous. Along with the watery nasal discharge there is watery eye. There is profuse sneezing associated with runny nose and watery eyes. Tuberculinum- The patient is very susceptible to catch cold. The physical constitution is lean and thin like natrum mur, but not obese like calcarea carb. If there is family history of tuberculosis or bronchial asthma then is more suitable to give this medicines in any allergic or asthma condition. The person is very depressed, melancholic, taciturn sulky nature.Dr. Rajesh Gupta15 Likes19 Answers
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BACTERIA THERAPY FOR ECZEMA SHOWS PROMISE IN NEW STUDY. May 3, 2018. NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. TOPICAL TREATMENT WITH LIVE Roseomonas mucosa—a BACTERIUM naturally PRESENT ON the SKIN —was SAFE FOR ADULTS AND CHILDREN WITH ATOPIC DERMATITIS (ECZEMA) and was associated with REDUCED DISEASE SEVERITY, according to INITIAL FINDINGS from an ongoing early-phase clinical trial at the National Institutes of Health. Preclinical work in a MOUSE MODEL of atopic dermatitis had SUGGESTED that R. mucosa strains collected from healthy skin can RELIEVE DISEASE SYMPTOMS. The NEW FINDINGS, PUBLISHED May 3 in JCI Insight, support further evaluation of this potential new therapy. ATOPIC DERMATITIS IS AN INFLAMMATORY SKIN DISEASE that can make SKIN DRY and ITCHY, CAUSE RASHES and LEAD TO skin INFECTIONS. The DISEASE is LINKED TO an INCREASED RISK OF developing ASTHMA, HAY FEVER and FOOD ALLERGY. ATOPIC DERMATITIS is COMMON IN CHILDREN and SOMETIMES RESOLVES ON ITS OWN, BUT it also CAN PERSIST INTO OR DEVELOP DURING ADULTHOOD. "LIVING WITH ATOPIC DERMATITIS can be physically and emotionally CHALLENGING. While TREATMENT CAN HELP MANAGE the SYMPTOMS, CURRENTLY AVAILABLE THERAPIES can be TIME-CONSUMING —requiring MULTIPLE DAILY APPLICATIONS —AND COSTLY," said Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., director of NIH's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). "NEW, INEXPENSIVE THERAPIES that require LESS FREQUENT APPLICATION are needed to expand the options available for atopic dermatitis treatment." The CAUSE OF ATOPIC DERMATITIS is UNKNOWN, but STUDIES SUGGEST that the SKIN MICROBIOME —the community of bacteria and other microbes living on the skin—PLAYS A KEY ROLE. FOR YEARS, SCIENTISTS have KNOWN that people with atopic dermatitis tend to have large populations of STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS bacteria ON their SKIN. These bacteria can cause skin infections and TRIGGER IMMUNE RESPONSES that INCREASE INFLAMMATION and WORSEN SYMPTOMS. RECENT WORK by NIAID researchers using mouse and cell culture models of atopic dermatitis REVEALED THAT TREATMENT WITH ISOLATES OF R. mucosa collected FROM the skin of HEALTHY PEOPLE IMPROVED DISEASE OUTCOMES in the models. IN CONTRAST, R. mucosa ISOLATES FROM PEOPLE WITH ATOPIC DERMATITIS EITHER HAD NO IMPACT OR WORSENED OUTCOMES in the models. BASED ON THESE PRECLINICAL FINDINGS, NIAID investigators designed an early stage CLINICAL TRIAL TO TEST the SAFETY AND POTENTIAL BENEFIT OF a treatment containing LIVE R. mucosa IN PEOPLE WITH ATOPIC DERMATITIS. The PHASE 1/2 STUDY is being CONDUCTED AT the NIH Clinical Center in BETHESDA, MARYLAND. "By APPLYING BACTERIA FROM a HEALTHY SOURCE TO the SKIN OF people with ATOPIC DERMATITIS, we aim TO ALTER the SKIN MICROBIOME in a way that will RELIEVE SYMPTOMS AND free people from the BURDEN OF CONSTANT TREATMENT," said NIAID's Ian Myles, M.D., the principal investigator of the trial. "IF future clinical studies demonstrate that THIS STRATEGY IS EFFECTIVE, we hope our work will LEAD to development of new, LOW-COST ATOPIC DERMATITIS THERAPIES that do NOT REQUIRE DAILY APPLICATION." The RESEARCHERS FIRST TESTED the experimental treatment in 10 ADULT VOLUNTEERS WITH ATOPIC DERMATITIS. TWICE A WEEK FOR SIX WEEKS, the volunteers sprayed a solution of sugar water containing INCREASING DOSES OF LIVE R. mucosa ONTO their INNER ELBOWS and ONE ADDITIONAL SKIN AREA OF their CHOICE. The R. mucosa STRAINS included in the treatment were originally ISOLATED FROM the skin of HEALTHY INDIVIDUALS and GROWN under carefully controlled LABORATORY conditions. PARTICIPANTS were INSTRUCTED TO CONTINUE their NORMAL ECZEMA TREATMENTS, including topical steroids and other medications. PARTICIPANTS did NOT REPORT ANY ADVERSE REACTIONS OR COMPLICATIONS. MOST participants EXPERIENCED IMPROVEMENTS in their atopic dermatitis, AND FOUR WEEKS AFTER stopping the bacteria therapy, SOME REPORTED NEEDING FEWER TOPICAL STEROIDS. The investigators next ENROLLED FIVE VOLUNTEERS AGED 9 TO 14 years with atopic dermatitis. TREATMENTS were APPLIED to all affected skin areas twice weekly for 12 weeks and every other day for an additional four weeks. CONSISTENT WITH THE FINDINGS IN ADULTS, there were NO COMPLICATIONS or adverse effects, and MOST participants EXPERIENCED IMPROVEMENTS IN their ECZEMA, including a REDUCED NEED FOR TOPICAL STEROIDS. The RESEARCHERS also FOUND that TREATMENT was associated with DECREASES IN the S. aureus POPULATION ON the children's SKIN. Although LARGER STUDIES comparing the bacteria therapy with a placebo will be REQUIRED TO ASSESS the EFFECTIVENESS of this potential treatment, the investigators OBSERVED a greater than 50 PERCENT IMPROVEMENT in atopic dermatitis severity in four of the five children and six of the 10 adults. The RESEARCHERS ARE are CONTINUING TO MONITOR the five children who received treatment AND are ENROLLING ADDITIONAL CHILDREN INTO THE STUDY. To better understand factors that may contribute to imbalances in the bacteria on the skin, the SCIENTISTS also INVESTIGATED whether chemicals produced by R. mucosa or present in certain skin products may be associated with atopic dermatitis. They FOUND that STRAINS of R. mucosa FROM people with ATOPIC DERMATITIS PRODUCED SKIN IRRITANTS, WHILE strains isolated FROM HEALTHY SKIN produced chemicals that may enhance the skin's barrier and HELP REGULATE the IMMUNE SYSTEM. In addition, SOME forms of PARABENS —a common preservative in skin products—AND some topical EMOLLIENTS (moisturizers) BLOCKED THE GROWTH OF R. mucosa FROM HEALTHY SKIN and did not have as strong an effect on growth of S. aureus or eczema-associated R. mucosa. These findings SUGGEST that CERTAIN PRODUCTS may WORSEN ATOPIC DERMATITIS AND/OR AFFECT the EFFECTIVENESS OF MICROBIOME-BASED THERAPIES. FINAL RESULTS from the ongoing study at NIH WILL PROVIDE the foundation for larger trials to evaluate the EFFICACY of this novel investigational therapy, AS WELL AS to better understand the ROLE OF R. mucosa IN ATOPIC DERMATITIS. NIH has exclusively LICENSED THE TECHNOLOGY to Forte Biosciences to advance this potential new therapy through further clinical development. $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ MORE INFORMATION : Ian A. Myles et al, First-in-human topical microbiome transplantation with Roseomonas mucosa for atopic dermatitis, JCI Insight (2018). DOI: 10.1172/jci.insight.120608 Provided by: NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. ________________________________ IMAGE : A scientist demonstrates application of the experimental therapy to the inner elbow. For DEMONSTRATION purposes, the BACTERIA solution has been REPLACED WITH PURPLE DYE. CREDIT : NIAID. ***************************×**************************Dr. Puranjoy Saha19 Likes17 Answers
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Friends I am sure u must have enjoyed green Diwali. Today I am discussing about a major problem known as Asthma. Asthma is a chronic disease of the airways that transport air to and from the lungs. No full cure is available, but management methods can help a person with asthma lead a full and active life. In a person with asthma, the inside walls of the airways, known as bronchial tubes, become swollen or inflamed. This swelling or inflammation makes the airways extremely sensitive to irritations and increases their susceptibility to an allergic reaction. In an allergic reaction, the airways swell, and the muscles around the airway tighten, making it difficult for air to move in and out of the lungs. What is asthma? asthma attack lady Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that often leads to severe attacks of symptoms. Asthma is an incurable illness of the airways. The disease causes inflammation and narrowing inside the lung, restricting air supply. The symptoms of asthma often present in periodic attacks or episodes of tightness in the chest, wheezing, breathlessness, and coughing. During the development of asthma, the airways swell and become extremely sensitive to some of the substances a person might inhale. When this increased sensitivity causes a reaction, the muscles that control the airways tighten. In doing so, they might restrict the airways even further and trigger an overproduction of mucus. Asthma attacks The set of inflammatory events in the respiratory system can lead to the severe symptoms of an asthma attack. Worldwide, around 250,000 people die every year as a result of asthma. Asthma attacks occur when symptoms are at their peak. They might begin suddenly and can range from mild to severe. In some asthma attacks, swelling in the airways can completely prevent oxygen from reaching the lungs, which also stops it entering the bloodstream and traveling to vital organs. This type of asthma attack can be fatal and requires urgent hospitalization. At the start of an asthma attack, the airways allow enough air into the lungs, but it does not let the carbon dioxide leave the lungs at a fast enough rate. Carbon dioxide is poisonous if the body does not expel the gas, and a prolonged asthma attack might lead to a build-up of the gas in the lungs. This might further reduce the amount of oxygen entering the bloodstream. People with clear symptoms of asthma should visit a doctor. They will provide treatments and advise on management techniques, as well as identifying potential triggers for asthma symptoms and how to avoid them. The doctor will also prescribe medications to help reduce the frequency of attacks asthma. Effective asthma control reduces the impact of the condition on everyday living. Types As many different factors come together to cause asthma, there are many different types of the disease, separated by age and severity. Adults and children share the same triggers for symptoms that set off an allergic response in the airways, including airborne pollutants, mold, mildew, and cigarette smoke. Childhood asthma Children are more likely to have an intermittent form of asthma that presents in severe attacks. Some children might experience daily symptoms, but the common characteristic among children with asthma is a heightened sensitivity to substances that cause allergy. Second-hand tobacco smoke causes severe problems for children with asthma. Between 400,000 and 1 million children experience worsening asthma symptoms as a result of second-hand smoke, according to the American Lung Association. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) advise that children experience more emergency visits and admissions for asthma than adults. Mild asthma might resolve without treatment during childhood. However, there is still a risk that the condition might return later on, especially if symptoms are moderate or severe. Adult-onset asthma Asthma in adults is often persistent and requires the daily management of flare-ups and preventing symptoms. Asthma can begin at any age. Allergies lead to at least 30 percent of adult presentations of asthma. Obesity is a strong risk factor for adult-onset asthma, and women are more likely to develop the condition after the age of 20 years. People over 65 years of age make up a large number of deaths from asthma. Occupational asthma This is a type of asthma that occurs as a direct result of a job or profession. Symptoms will become apparent after attending a particular workplace. Industries with regular associations to occupational asthma include baking, laboratory work, or manufacturing. In this type, the work environment leads to the return of childhood asthma or the start of adult-onset asthma. Other symptoms might include a runny nose and red eyes. Difficult-to-control and severe asthma These types involve consistent, debilitating asthma symptoms and breathing difficulties. Around 12 percent of people with asthma have difficult-to-control or severe asthma. With the correct medication and effective trigger avoidance, those in this category can bring asthma symptoms back under control. Roughly 5 percent of people with asthma do not see improvements after using the standard asthma medications. These people have severe asthma, and there are several types of severe asthma depending on the cause. Newer medications are becoming available to address the different forms of severe asthma, such as eosinophilic asthma that does not link to any allergic reactions. Seasonal asthma This type occurs in response to allergens that are only in the surrounding environment at certain times of year, such as cold air in the winter or pollen during hay fever season. People still have asthma for the rest of the year but do not experience symptoms. Causes Many different aspects of a person's environment and genetic makeup can contribute to the development of asthma. Asthma is the most common chronic disease among children. The first symptoms become clear at around 5 years of age in the form of wheezing and regular infections in the respiratory tracts. The following are the primary causes of asthma. Allergies A strong link exists between allergies and asthma. One 2013 study in the Annals of Asthma, Allergy, and Immunology suggests that over 65 percent of adults with asthma over the age of 55 years also have an allergy, and the figure is closer to 75 percent for adults between the ages of 20 and 40 years. Common sources of indoor allergens include animal proteins, mostly from cat and dog dander, dust mites, cockroaches, and fungi. Smoking tobacco Research has linked tobacco smoke to an increased risk of asthma, wheezing, respiratory infections, and death from asthma. In addition, the children of parents who smoke have a higher risk of developing asthma. Smoking makes the effects of asthma on the airways worse by adding coughing and breathlessness to its symptoms, as well as increasing the risk of infections from the overproduction of mucus. Environmental factors Air pollution both in and out of the home can impact the development and triggers of asthma. Allergic reactions and asthma symptoms often occur because of indoor air pollution from mold or noxious fumes from household cleaners and paints. pollen Anything from pollen to pollution can trigger an asthma attack and inflame the airways. Other asthma triggers in the home and environment include: pollution sulphur dioxide nitrogen oxide ozone cold temperatures high humidity Heavy air pollution tends to cause a higher recurrence of asthma symptoms and hospital admissions. Smoggy conditions release the destructive ingredient known as ozone, causing coughing, shortness of breath, and even chest pain. These same conditions emit sulfur dioxide, which also results in asthma attacks by constricting the airways. Changes in the weather might also stimulate attacks. Cold air can lead to airway congestion, constricted airway, extra secretions of mucus, and a reduced ability to clear that mucus. Humidity might also lead to breathing difficulties for populations in some areas. Obesity Some studies, such as this report from 2014, suggest a link between obesity and asthma, although the American Academy of Asthma, Allergies, and Immunology does not recognize obesity as a formal risk factor for asthma. However, the report in question suggests that the inflammatory mechanisms that drive asthma also link to obesity. Pregnancy If a woman smokes tobacco or illicit substanes while pregnant, an unborn child might grow less in the womb, experience complications during labor and delivery, and have a low birth weight. These newborns might be more prone to medical problems, including asthma. Stress People who undergo stress have higher asthma rates. Increases in asthma-related behaviors during stressful times, such as smoking, might explain these increased rates. Emotional responses, including laughter and grief, might trigger asthma attacks. Genetics A parent can pass asthma on to their child. If one parent has asthma, there is a 25 percent chance that a child will develop asthma. Having two parents with asthma increase the risk to 50 percent. Many genes are involved in passing on asthma. These genes can interact with the environment to become active, although confirming these findings may require further research. Atopy Atopy is a general class of allergic hypersensitivity that leads to allergic reactions in different parts of the body that do not come in contact with an allergen. Examples include eczema, hay fever, and an eye condition called allergic conjunctivitis. During atopy, the body produces more immunoglobin (IgE) antibodies than usual in response to common allergens. The most common type of asthma is atopic asthma, and atopy plays a key role in its development. Environmental allergens lead to overproduction of IgE antibodies and trigger asthmatic reactions. The menstrual cycle One type of asthma, known as perimenstrual asthma (PMA), leads to acute symptoms during the menstrual cycle and a particular sensitivity to aspirin. The sex hormones that circulate during menstruation, such as luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), impact immune activity. This increased immune action can cause hypersensitivity in the airways. Diagnosis Three main components comprise an accurate asthma diagnosis: Medical history, observations during a physical exam, and results from breathing tests. A primary care physician will administer these tests and determine the level of asthma as mild, intermittent, moderate, or severe in people who show signs of the condition, as well as identifying the type. A detailed family history of asthma and allergies can help a doctor make an accurate diagnosis. A personal history of allergies is also important to mention, as many share mechanisms with asthma and increase the risk. Keep a note of any potential triggers of asthma symptoms to help guide treatment, including information about any potential irritants in the workplace. Be sure to identify any health conditions that can interfere with asthma management, such as: a runny nose sinus infections acid reflux psychological stress sleep apnea Young children who develop asthma symptoms before the age of 5 years find it more difficult to receive a clear diagnosis. Doctors might confuse asthma symptoms with those of other childhood conditions. If children experience wheezing episodes during colds or respiratory infections in early life, they are likely to develop asthma after 6 years of age. Physical exam A physical examination will generally focus on the upper respiratory tract, chest, and skin. A doctor will listen for signs of wheezing, or a high-pitched whistle on breathing out, in the lungs during a breath using a stethoscope. Wheezing is a key sign of both an obstructed airway and asthma. Physicians will also check for a runny nose, swollen nasal passages, and soft growths on the inside of the nose and check for skin conditions including eczema and hives. These are allergic conditions that link to asthma and suggest heightened immune activity that could be causing any wheezing. People with asthma do not always show physical symptoms, and it is possible to have asthma without presenting any physical maladies during an examination. Asthma tests Lung function tests are another component of an asthma diagnosis. They measure how much air a person inhales and exhales and the speed with which a person can expel air from the lungs. A spirometry test can provide an indication of lung function. spirometry A spirometry can help assess lung function. Spirometry is a non-invasive test that requires deep breaths and forceful exhalation into a hose. The hose links to a machine called a spirometer that displays two key measurements: forced vital capacity (FVC), or the maximum amount of air a person can inhale and exhale forced expiratory volume (FEV-1), the maximum amount of air a person can exhale in one second The doctor then compares these measurements against what would be normal for another person of the same age. Measurements below normal indicate obstructed airways and probable asthma. A doctor will often administer a bronchodilator drug to open air passages before retesting with the spirometer to confirm the diagnosis. If results improve after using the drug, the risk of an asthma diagnosis increases. Children under 5 years of age are difficult to test using spirometry, so asthma diagnoses will rely mostly on symptoms, medical histories, and other parts of the physical examination process. In younger children, doctors commonly prescribe asthma medicines for 4 to 6 weeks to gauge physical response. Other Tests A bronchoprovocation test, also known as a "challenge test" involves the administration an airway-constricting substance, such as cold air, to deliberately trigger airway obstruction and asthma symptoms. Similarly, a challenge test for exercise-induced asthma would consist of vigorous exercise with the aim of triggering symptoms. The doctor then conducts a spirometry, and if measurements are still normal, they are not likely to reach a diagnosis of asthma. Physicians might use allergy tests to identify substances that may be causing asthma or making it worse. These tests do not fully diagnose asthma, but they might help a doctor understand the nature of asthma symptoms. Doctors may also test for other diseases with similar symptoms, such as: gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) heartburn hay fever sinusitis sleep apnea chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) airway tumors airway obstruction bronchitis pneumonia a blood clot in the lung, or pulmonary embolism congestive heart failure vocal cord dysfunction viral lower respiratory tract infection A doctor may test for these using the following methods: a chest x-ray electrocardiogram (ECG) complete blood counts CT scans of the lungs gastroesophageal reflux assessment the induction and examination of sputum, or phlegm Many people with asthma will not need to visit a specialist, as most primary care physicians have training for asthma diagnosis. People who require special asthma tests or have had life-threatening asthma attacks in the past may need to visit an asthma specialist Specialists can also be useful for people who need more than one kind of medication or higher, more concentrated doses in order to control asthma. A visit may also be necessary for people with difficult-to-control asthma, or people receiving treatment for other allergies. Takeaway Asthma is a chronic, inflammatory condition that causes swelling and blockage in the airways. It can range in severity, and there are several types, depending on the cause and the age at which asthma begins. Anyone of any age can develop asthma. Women are more likely to develop the condition after the age of 20 years, and smoking and air pollution heavily contribute to the issue. The immune system and asthma share a strong link, and people with asthma often have other allergies. A young child might find that asthma seems to resolve without treatment but returns in adult life. However, moderate and severe cases often require treatment. Asthma attacks involve a sudden and severe recurrence of symptoms, and these are how younger children normally experience asthma. Adult-onset asthma tends to be more constant and persistent. Diagnosing asthma involves testing lung function and immune response, as well as assessing an individual for other condition with similar symptoms to asthma risk of asthma for young children. Can asthma develop into other harmful lung diseases, such as COPD or emphysema? Asthma is a risk factor for COPD, and people with long-standing asthma have a high risk of developing COPD, especially if they had severe asthma as children. Emphysema on the other hand, is not related to asthma even though their symptoms may be similar. Cigarette smoking almost always causes this. Homoeopathic treatment for Asthma Carbo Vegetabilis: This is a homeopathic asthma treatment which is generally prescribed when the person has violent bouts of coughing which may cause a gag reflex to set in. Extremities might be cold, but there is a need for air or breeze. Feels dyspeptic, burping gives relief. Chamomilla: This is most often prescribed for asthma attacks that are brought on by emotional stress, anxiety or over excitement. The person displays behaviour that is irritable, angry and hypersensitive. In some cases, this is accompanied by a racking cough. Arsenicum Album: A person needing this homeopathic asthma remedy may often feel a combination of exhaustion and uneasiness. Breathing problems are exacerbated when supine, better when upright. The person often finds that ease of breathing deteriorates at night, accompanied by wheezing and a constant thirst. He/she may also experience violent chills accompanied by shivering, heat may bring relief. Natrum Sulphuricum: When asthma attacks are precipitated by mould and dampness, this homeopathy remedy is especially efficacious. Nux Vomica: Persons feeling constricted in the chest and stomach, brought on by having spicy food, alcohol and sweets. Warmth and sleep along with this remedy bring relief. Pulsatilla: Excessive warmth especially indoors along with and heavily spiced food bring on wheezing as a result of exertion and chest congestion. This remedy is useful for children suffering from asthma.Dr. Rajesh Gupta13 Likes19 Answers