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#Fungal infection

Friends today I am discussing about a common skin problem known as fungal infections. Fungal infections are common throughout much of the natural world. In humans, fungal infections occur when an invading fungus takes over an area of the body and is too much for the immune system to handle. Fungi can live in the air, soil, water, and plants. There are also some fungi that live naturally in the human body. Like many microbes, there are helpful fungi and harmful fungi. When harmful fungi invade the body, they can be difficult to kill, as they can survive in the environment and re-infect the person trying to get better. Symptoms Redness and itching are common symptoms Skin changes, redness, and itching are common symptoms of many fungal infections. The symptoms of a fungal infection will depend on the type, but common symptoms include the following: skin changes, including red and possibly cracking or peeling skin itching Read on to find out more about some common types of fungal infection, their symptoms, and the treatment options. Types The following conditions are all common types of fungal infections. Athlete's foot Tinea pedis or athlete's foot is a common fungal infection that affects the foot. Athlete's foot is commonly associated with sports and athletes because the fungus grows perfectly in warm, moist environments, such as socks and shoes, sports equipment, and locker rooms. In reality, anyone may be affected by athlete's foot. It is most common in warmer climates and summer months, where it can quickly multiply. athletes foot Athlete's foot is a common infection where the fungus grows in warm and moist environments. The symptoms of athlete's foot may vary slightly from person to person. Classic symptoms include: redness or blisters on the affected area the infected skin may be soft, or layers may start to break down peeling or cracking skin the skin may scale and peel away itching, stinging, or burning sensations in the infected area Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention Not all itchy feet are the result athlete's foot. Doctors usually diagnose the infection by scraping scaling skin off of a person and inspecting it under a microscope for evidence of any fungus. There are a few different fungi that can cause athlete's foot. The infection may behave differently depending on the specific fungus that is infecting the skin. Athlete's foot is often treated with topical antifungal ointments, which are available to purchase over-the-counter or online. Severe infections can require additional oral medications as well. The feet will also need to be cared for and kept dry to help kill the fungus. Prevention methods include allowing the feet plenty of air to breathe and keeping them clean and dry. It is a good idea to wear sandals in public showers or locker rooms. Yeast infection Vaginal yeast infections are a common form of Candida overgrowth in women, usually caused by Candida albicans. An overgrowth of Candida disrupts the normal balance of the bacteria and yeast in the vagina. This imbalance of bacteria may be due to antibiotics, stress, and hormone imbalances, or poor eating habits, among other things. Candida infections can also commonly cause fungal toenail infections and diaper rash. Symptoms toenail fungus A yeast infection may commonly cause fungal toenail infections. Symptoms of a yeast infection include: itching and swelling around the vagina burning sensations or pain during urination or intercourse redness and soreness on and surrounding the vagina unusual vaginal discharge, such as gray clumps that resemble cottage cheese or a very watery discharge A rash may develop over time in some cases. Yeast infections should be treated quickly, as the symptoms may become severe if left untreated. The classic symptoms of a yeast infection make them easy to diagnose. Doctors may ask about the person's medical history, such as any previous yeast infections or sexually transmitted infections (STIs). They may also ask whether the person was recently taking antibiotics. Doctors will then examine the vaginal walls and cervix for signs of infection, taking cells from the vagina if necessary for proper diagnosis. Treatment of yeast infections depends on their severity. Standard treatments include creams, tablets, or suppositories, which are available via prescription, or over-the-counter or online. Complicated infections may require complex treatments. Avoiding yeast infections begins with a balanced diet and proper hygiene. Wearing loose-fitting clothing made from natural fibers may also help prevent infection. Washing underwear in very hot water and changing feminine products often can also help prevent fungal growth. Jock itch Tinea cruris, commonly known as jock itch, is another common fungal skin infection. These fungi love warm and damp environments and thrive in moist areas of the body, such as the groin, buttocks, and inner thighs. Jock itch may be more common in summer or in warm, humid areas of the world. Jock itch is mildly contagious and is often spread through direct contact with an infected person or an object that is carrying the fungus. Symptoms Thrush can affect the genital area in men as well as women. Thrush can affect the genital area in men as well as women. Jock itch appears on the body as an itchy, red rash that often has a circular shape to it. Symptoms include: redness in the groin, buttocks, or thighs chafing, irritation, itching, or burning in the infected area a red rash with a circular shape and raised edges cracking, flaking, or dry peeling of the skin in the infected area Jock itch is not the only type of fungal infection that can affect a man. Find out more about Candida in men. Jock itch has a very particular look and can usually be identified based on its appearance. If doctors are uncertain, they may take a skin sample to inspect and confirm their diagnosis. Treating jock itch usually involves topical antifungal ointments and proper hygiene. Many cases of jock itch are improved by over-the-counter medications, though some require prescription medications. Cleaning the affected area and keeping it dry can also help kill the fungus. Jock itch can be prevented by wearing loose-fitting natural fibers, such as cotton underwear which is available to buy online. Avoiding contact with others who have the infection is also important. Avoiding shared items, such as towels and sporting equipment may also help. Ringworm Tinea corporis or ringworm is a skin infection caused by a fungus that lives on dead tissues, such as the skin, hair, and nails. Ringworm is the fungus that causes both jock itch and athlete's foot. When it appears anywhere else on the body, the infection is just called ringworm. Symptoms Ringworm Ringworm is a skin infection that causes jock itch and athlete's foot. Ringworm is usually easy to notice because of its shape. A red patch that may itch or be scaly will often turn into a raised, ring-shaped patch of skin over time. It may even spread out into several rings. The outside of this ring is red and may appear raised or bumpy, while the inside of the ring will remain clear or become scaly. Ringworm is highly contagious, and it can be transmitted by skin-to-skin contact, or from contact with pets, such as dogs. The fungus may also survive on objects, such as towels, clothes, and brushes. The ringworm fungus also infects soil and mud, so people who play or work in infected dirt may catch ringworm as well. Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention Other skin conditions may look like ringworm, so doctors will usually want to take a skin sample to inspect for the fungus. After confirming a diagnosis, doctors will recommend a treatment, depending on how severe the symptoms are. Creams and medicated ointments are often sufficient to treat many cases of ringworm, and may be purchased over-the-counter or online. Ringworm of the scalp or severe ringworm may require a prescription. Basic hygiene can help treat and prevent ringworm as well. Keeping the skin clean and dry can help avoid infection. Safety in public includes wearing sandals into public showers or locker rooms and avoiding shared items and towels. Risk factors Fungal infections are common in humans and are usually not very serious if they are treated quickly and correctly. Anyone with a weakened immune system may be more likely to contract a fungal infection, as well as anyone who is taking antibiotics. Cancer treatment and diabetes may also make a person more prone to fungal infections. Remedies for Fungal Infection 1- Bacillinum It is very useful remedy for any skin disease especially in ringworm. It is associated with eczema of eyelids. Glands of neck enlarged and tender. It can be given successfully in the treatment of tuberculosis. It is especially indicated for old people, with disease of lungs. All the complaints are worse, in night early morning, and cold air. Potency Dosage: 30 potency, given 3 times a day, for a week. 2- Natrum Mur Skin in this remedy is often greasy, oily, especially on hairy parts. Patient has dry eruptions, especially on the margin of the hairy scalp and bends of joints. It is important remedy for urticaria where there is intense and burn. Eruptions in the bends of limbs, margin of scalp, behind ears. It is also helpful in treatment of eczema, where lesions are raw, red and inflamed. Worse by eating salt. This remedy mainly affects hair follicles. Worse by warm room, lying down, around 10a.m, mental exertion, heat talking. Better by open air, clod bathing, going without regular meals. Potency Dosage – 30 three doses a day for three days 3- Phytolacca Skin in this remedy itches, becomes dry, shrunken and pale. There is pus filled lesions. It is very useful in early stages of skin disease. This remedy has tendency for boils. There is swelling of glands. There is redness in lesions. Patient has a tendency of warts and moles. Worse from getting wet, when it rains, exposure to damp, cold weather, night, exposure, motion, right side. Better by warmth, dry weather, rest. Potency Dosage – 30 two doses a day for three days. 4- Sepia There is itching, which is not relieved by scratching, worse in bends of elbows and knees. It is good remedy for herpetic eruption on lips, around the mouth and nose. Ringworm like eruption every spring. Urticaria ongoing in open air, better in a warm room. Foots sweat, worse on toes, intolerable odour. There is offensive odour of skin. Worse by forenoons, and evenings, washing, laundry work, dampness, left side, after sweat, cold air, before a thunderstorm. Better by exercise, pressure, warmth of bed, hot applications, drawing limbs up, after bathing, after sleep. Potency Dosage – 200 three doses a day for five days 5- Tellurium This remedy is associated with itching of hands and feet. There is ringworm like eruptions in body. There is offensive odours from affected part. Stinging in the skin. Fetid exhalations, There is offensive foot sweat. Eczema, behind the ears. There is circular patches of eczema. Worse, while at rest at night, cold weather, from friction, coughing, laughing, lying on painful side, touch. Potency Dosage – 30 three doses a day for two days 6- Thuja Skin is very healthy. There is all type polyp, tubercles, warts on skin. Freckles and blotches. There is perspiration which is sweetish and strong. Dry skin with brown spots. There is tearing pain in glands. There is glandular enlargement. Nails cripples, brittle and soft. Eruption only on covered parts. Worse after scratching. Very sensitive to touch. There is coldness of one side. There is brown spots on hands and arms. Worse – at night, from heat of bed, at 3a.m and 3 p.m., from cold air, damp air, after breakfast, fat, coffee, after vaccination. Better left side, while drawing up a limb. Potency Dosage – 200 three doses a day for two days.

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Beautiful, helping and informative post sir. Thanks a lot.

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useful post sir

Thank you doctor
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Beautiful, helping and informative post sir. Thanks a lot.

Thank you doctor
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Very useful and informative post thanks for sharing sir

Nice too much informative post dr sb

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Rhus tox 30 TDs may help

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To treat these types of fungal infections specially Tinea corporis we should go through first severity of allergy and rashes ,second duration of disease. If it is new case , no any previous history of this we should give only single anti fungal drug therapy like Tab. Fluconazole 150-200mg on alternative days. Tab. Allegra 180 mg morning Tab. Atarax 25 mg night Ointment Panderm or Nuforce Gm or most cheap and best Betnovate Gm If disease is moderate We can add cap. Candiforce 200mg od If disease is severe and old we have to add following medicines along with upper medicine Tab . Terbinaforce 250mg night Ointment Luliconazole bd Zocon KZ shampoo

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Very informative post sir. Tell the treatment for this disease because every treatment fail on this disease

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Tab griseofulvin 250mg BD Tab Atarax OD Terbinaforce ointment for LA

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Triben xt cream zyxal tab terbinaforce 250mg tab ketostar soap

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