How to diagnose Cancer Rectum early.Role of Clinical examination.

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Clinically corelate history like bleeding p/a Constipation alternative loose motions Wt loss Loss of appetite Lump in Lt lumbar flank may or may not be palpable depending on stages of lesion Clinical findings on proctoscopy or sigmoidoscopy followed by Colonoscopy Corelating with USG finding Finally workout lab Like HPE for biopsy taken on Colonoscopy Biomarkers like CA 125

Thanx dr pushkar ji Bhomia
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Blood (usually dark red or black) in the stool. Constipation and diarrhea. ... Long, thin, pencil-like stools. ... Fatigue and weakness. ... Abdominal pain or bloating. ... Unexplained weight loss. ... Nausea and vomiting, which may happen if the tumor causes an obstruction... Because of increased emphasis on screening practices, colon cancer is now often detected before it starts to cause symptoms. In more advanced cases, common clinical presentations include iron-deficiency anemia, rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, change in bowel habits, and intestinal obstruction or perforation. Colonoscopy...

NEED'S .. CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL EVALUATION WITH .. * COLONOSCOPY .. * HISTOPATHOLOGICAL STUDY .. * CT SCAN.. MRI..STUDY .. * ONCOLOGISTS OPINION ..

Alteration in bowel habits.. recent onset. Bleeding PR. PR examination. Proctoscopy Colonoscopy.. and colonoscopic bx

Colonoscopic biopsy HPE would be GOLD standard.

Biopsy ..

Colonoscopy. Hisopathology

By PR exam Colonoscopy Take Biopsy for HPE

Colonoscopy is best modality Hpe gives confirm Dx Rule out tumour markers Might be helpful ,👍

Colonoscopy and BIOPSY

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