Hydatid cyst (echinococcosis): Echinococcosis is a parasitic disease of tapewormsof the Echinococcus type. TYPES: cystic echinococcosis and alveolar echinococcosis. The disease often starts without symptoms and this may last for years. Alveolar disease usually begins in the liver but can spread to other parts of the body, such as the lungs or brain. When the liver is affected the person may have abdominal pain, weight loss, and turn slightly yellow from jaundice. Lung disease may cause pain in the chest, shortness of breath and coughing. The disease is spread when food or water that contains the eggs of the parasite is eaten or by close contact with an infected animal. The eggs are released in the stool of meat-eating animals that are infected by the parasite. Commonly infected animals include dogs, foxes and wolves. For these animals to become infected they must eat the organsof an animal that contains the cysts such as sheep or rodents. The type of disease that occurs in people depends on the type of Echinococcus causing the infection. Diagnosis is usually by ultrasound though CT or MRI may also be used. Blood tests looking for antibodies against the parasite. Prevention of cystic disease is by treating dogs that may carry the disease and vaccination of sheep. The alveolar type often needs surgery followed by medications. The medication used is albendazole, which may be needed for years. The alveolar disease may result in death.

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Informative post

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Informative post

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Informative

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Very informative article

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