GOOD MORNING SIR.... I AM DR. RAJESH GOPAL.. AFTER A LONG INTERVAL I AM WISHING YOU. I HOPE YOU WILL ALONG YOUR FAMILY MEMBERS WILL BE HEALTHY WITH PEACE OF MIND.... AS USUAL POST IS VERY USEFUL AND PRACTICALLY... BUT I BEG YOUR PARDON SIR, OVEREATING OF CATROTS DUE TO CAROTENE CAUSES. BETA - CAROCAROTENEMIA...... SHOULD BE D. D FROM JAUNDICE...... DR. RAJESH GOPAL. LUDHIANA.... HAVE A NICE DAY SIR...... WITH LOT OF RESPECT, CHARAN VANDHNA....
Thanks for sharing the post sir. Health benefits of carrots are well explained, sir.
Thanks Dr.Subramanyamji,for this useful info...I want to know why the central white portion.is discarded.....Ppl say it reduces Hb. what is the scientific basis behind this notion...?
Very nice and useful.
Thanks for sharing sir. it's one of my favourite vegetables. Salad, sweet or as a vegetable, I can eat it any day.
very useful and informative
Thanks for the update Dr. Subramanyam sir....
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23 best foods to improve women's health timesofindia.com Aug 24, 2017 12:09 PM ￼ 20 Best foods to improve women's health (Thinkstock photos/Getty Images) It is pretty clear that there exist both physiological and metabolic differences in both men and women. Considering the fact that a woman's body is different from her male counterpart, the nutritional requirements differ, especially because her body goes through the monthly menstrual cycle for most part of her life, preparing to conceive every month and then the menopausal phase. So here we have mentioned a few foods that every woman should definitely add to her diet. Green leafy vegetables: Enriched with iron content, green leafy vegetables like spinach have natural source of calcium, which are good for your bone strength. Not just this, these leafy greens are loaded with magnesium, vitamin K, vitamin C and phytonutrients that provides a package for your bone health. Whole grains: Including whole grains such as brown rice, quinoa, bran flakes and whole-grain breads increases the fibre content in your body. Another reason you should add whole-grains in your diet is that it improves the digestive problems. If your digestive system is clean, you can prevent flatulence, constipation and even colon cancer. Nuts: This delicious food is known as the powerhouse of essential vitamins, minerals and healthy fats. They are good for your bones and make your memory sharp. Almonds are loaded with bone strengthening minerals like magnesium and are a great source of calcium too. Walnuts contain excellent source of omega-3 fats, which result in preserving and strengthening bones. Pistachios are not only delicious but are high in magnesium, potassium and vitamin B6. So, eat a handful of nuts every day and improve your overall health. Eggs: Eggs provide a source of non-dairy calcium. They are enriched with vitamin D which promotes overall health. ￼ Onions: Onions have an amazing bone strengthening potential as they contain a certain type of polyphenol which boosts bone health. According to a study, eating onions once a day or more helps in improving your bone mass by 5 per cent. A study conducted on women above the age of 50 showed that those who ate onions regularly had a 20 per cent lower risk of suffering a hip fracture than those who didn't eat onions regularly. Blueberries: Want to slow down your ageing process? Then add blueberries to your diet. Blueberries contain an amazing anti-ageing property, called asanthocyanins. They also prevent memory loss, maintain blood pressure levels and improve motor skills. High in antioxidants, they fight against free radicals and wrinkles. Yoghurt: One of the oldest health boosting foods, yogurt should be eaten regularly. The 'probiotics bacteria' in yogurt helps in digestion, reduces inflammation and builds immunity. Yoghurt also has bone strengthening component - calcium and helps in reducing problems linked with irritable bowel syndrome, vaginal infections, inflammatory digestive tract disorders and stomach ulcers. Tofu and soy milk: A highly nutritious food, tofu is enriched with protein and iron. It also contains other minerals such as manganese, phosphorous and selenium which strengthen bones. You can also include soy milk in your diet as both these food items are an excellent source of non-dairy calcium. Parmesan cheese: Parmesan is a good source for calcium. And if you're watching your weight, add parmesan cheese in your diet. It is lactose-free, easy to digest and enriched with phosphate. Oats: Kickstart your day with a bowl of oats. Oats help in maintaining your cholesterol level as they are rich in soluble and insoluble fiber. Losing weight, maintaining cholesterol levels and improved digestion are some of the benefits that you get from eating oats. Tomatoes: Tomatoes help in preventing breast and cervical cancer. They promote heart health and protect against cardiovascular diseases. Milk: High in calcium, potassium, vitamin B12 and riboflavin, milk also gives you healthy bones, teeth and a glowing skin. Milk can lower the risk of breast cancer and colon cancer too. ￼ Bananas: Bananas are high in potassium which maintains the body's circulatory system. They are a great source of natural energy as they contain various vitamins, minerals and carbs. Bananas promote bowel health and relieve you from constipation. Cranberry: Cranberries contain a compound known as proanthocyanidins. This compound helps in preventing bacteria from growing in the walls of the bladder. Cranberries naturally prevent urinary tract infections and helps in promoting heart health. Broccoli: Another superfood, broccoli contains compounds that helps in preventing breast cancer. Enriched in vitamin C and A, it has low calorie content. Broccoli also have high dose of fiber, potassium calcium, and iron. Salmon: Salmon is rich in Omega-3 fatty acids. Salmon promotes the health of the membrane of each cell in the body. Eating salmon protects us against various health problems such as heart disease, stroke and rheumatoid arthritis. Apples: Apples contain quercetin - an antioxidant which helps in boosting our body's disease-fighting abilities. Apples sharpen brain and those who want to shed extra weight, should add apples in their diet as they help to satisfy your hunger. Flaxseeds: Flaxseeds are loaded with Omega-3 fatty acids and fiber. They have a disease-fighting compound called lignans and are considered as one of the best ingredients for women. They help to cut down hot flashes and lowers bad cholesterol. It also helps in fighting against breast cancer. Carrots: Carrots are a good source of complex carbs. They provide energy to muscles and potassium to control blood pressure. Enriched with vitamin A, carrots promote glowing skin, and slows down ageing. Avocados: Avocados are rich in the heart-healthy monounsaturated fatty acids, which help in reducing belly fat. Avocados are loaded with potassium, magnesium, folate, protein, and vitamins B6, E, and K. ￼ Dark chocolate: Dark chocolate has heart-protective antioxidants which helps in reducing the risk of stroke and heart disease. It is also loaded with bone strengthening compounds like magnesium, manganese, copper, zinc and phosphorus. Dark chocolate helps in hydrating your skin, lowers blood pressure and boosts your memory. Green tea: Green tea helps in fight cancer and heart diseases. It also prevents dementia, diabetes and stroke. Keeping your body well-hydrated, it helps fight fatigue. Water: Keeping metabolic processes in our body intact, water is an essential component of our daily diet. Water helps in improving energy, removes toxins from the body and keeps the skin radiant and healthy. So drink at least 8-10 glasses a day and keep your digestion system intact. Report a problem ￼45￼dislikDr. Tapan Kumar Sau4 Likes10 Answers
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Lung Cancer: Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Stages, And Remedies stylecraze.com Oct 6, 2017 12:00 PM ￼ Cancer, in any form, is a scary disease that can easily progress to undesirable stages. Lung cancer is one such type of cancer with high risks. If you are a healthy individual who wants to prevent lung cancer or someone who has been diagnosed with the disease, we want to help you deal with this deadly disease through this article. Go ahead and give it a read. We shall discuss various facts about lung cancer, including its causes, symptoms, stages, and types. A couple of remedies that can help you to alleviate the symptoms are talked about in detail, along with diet recommendations and prevention tips. Let’s get started. Facts About Lung Cancer Lung cancer mostly affects people during the old age, with more than 80% of the cases reported belonging to the population that is 60 years and older.It is the most common type of cancer worldwide.It is the leading cause of cancer deaths across the globe.Its incidence is greater in men than in women.Black men and women are more prone to developing lung cancer when compared to other races or ethnicities.Lung cancer survival rates are lower than colon cancer, breast cancer, and prostate cancer, with only 16% of the cases being detected in the early stages.Screening facilities for lung cancer are available for people who are at a high risk of developing it. This will reduce the mortality rates as the disease can be diagnosed at an early stage. These were some worldwide statistics related to lung cancer (1). Let’s now look at the causes and symptoms of lung cancer. What Causes Lung Cancer? Lung cancer is understood as the constant growth and multiplication of abnormal cells in one or both the lungs. They rapidly divide and form tumors. The causes of lung cancer are: Smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer, be it among smokers or even non-smokers (secondhand smoking causing lung cancer)Exposure to the radioactive gas radonOccupational exposure to asbestos, coke, arsenic, and uranium (1, 2) Signs And Symptoms Of Lung Cancer Here are the initial signs and symptoms of lung cancer: Cough and chest painChanges in your chronic coughVomiting blood and feeling nauseousRunning out of breathWheezingLosing weight without diet and exerciseHeadaches and dizzinessJoint and bone painHoarseness Lung cancer doesn’t come with any specific signs or symptoms in the initial stages that can help us diagnose it. The above-mentioned symptoms can easily be confused with other respiratory infections or ailments. If you are a high-risk individual experiencing a combination of these symptoms, consult a doctor immediately (2, 3). Given below is information regarding the types of lung cancer and their stages. Different Types Of Lung Cancer Bronchogenic carcinomas, the medical term for lung cancer, are of two types: (A) Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) This is the most aggressive type that contributes to 10-15% of lung cancers detected worldwide. The cancer cells rapidly grow and metastasize. This cancer is mostly due to smoking. (B) Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) This is the most common type of lung cancer detected, contributing to almost 85% of lung cancers worldwide. This is further divided into three types based on the type of cells present in the tumors. (i) Adenocarcinoma – This is associated with smoking, but is also seen in non-smokers (usually women). Cancer arises from the outer areas of the lungs and tends to spread to the lymph nodes. Patients with this cancer have a better prognosis than the other types of lung cancer. (ii) Squamous Cell Carcinoma – This cancer arises in the central part of the lungs in the bronchi and almost forms a cavity when it spreads. It is also called epidermoid carcinoma. (iii) Large Cell Carcinoma – This the least common type of NSCLC and has a tendency to spread to the lymph nodes and distant sites. These were the different types of lung cancer (4). Here are the stages for each type. Lung Cancer Stages (A) Small Cell Lung Cancer Stages Limited Stage – Cancer is present on one side of the lung and the nearby lymph nodes. Extensive Stage – Cancer has spread to other areas of the respiratory system and also other parts of the body. (B) Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Stages Stage I – Cancer is present only in the lung. Stage II – Cancer is present in the lung and the nearby lymph nodes. Stage III – Cancer in the lung and lymph nodes on the same side or opposite side of the chest Stage IV – Also known as Advanced Disease. Cancer is found in both the lungs, the fluid around the lungs, and the nearby organs like the liver. The process of staging is important to determine not only the type of cancer but the stage as well so that the best treatment route can be opted for (5, 6). In addition to taking medications prescribed by the doctor for lung cancer, you could use a couple of home remedies that will certainly help you feel better. Make sure you have taken the doctor’s suggestions and advice before using any of the following remedies. Remedies To Treat Lung Cancer Essential OilsHerbsTurmericApple Cider VinegarJuicingKaleLemon And Baking SodaVitaminsApricotMushrooms Home Remedies For Lung Cancer 1. Essential Oils For Lung Cancer ￼ Image: Shutterstock You Will Need 1/2 cup organic coconut oil1/2 cup fresh aloe vera gel4-5 drops frankincense essential oil2-4 drops myrrh essential oil1-2 drops lavender essential oil What You Have To Do Combine all the ingredients in a pan and place it on low heat for about 10 minutes. Stir a couple of times so that the oils and gel blend well.Remove the pan from the flame and let the mixture cool down.Transfer it to an airtight glass container and store in the refrigerator or a dark cupboard.Take a few drops of this blend and massage the inflamed and/or sore areas of the body with it. This blend can be used for up to two weeks, after which it is advisable to make a fresh batch. How Often You Should Do This Use this once or twice every day. Why This Works Both aloe vera gel and coconut oil soothe the inflamed skin. Frankincense essential oil calms down the nervous system and is soothing for the mind. It has anti-inflammatory properties and compounds that have been shown to possess anticancer properties (7). Myrrh essential oil was proven to inhibit cancer cell lines in laboratory experiments, thus proving its anticancer activity (8). Caution Before using any essential oil, it is important to do a patch test to ensure that it does not cause any allergic reactions. 2. Herbs For Lung Cancer ￼ Image: Shutterstock You Will Need 1/2 inch piece of gingerA cup of hot water1/2-1 teaspoon honey What You Have To Do Chop the ginger and soak it in hot water for a few minutes.Strain the water and add honey to it.Mix well and drink this herbal tea. How Often You Should Do This Have this tea to keep nausea and vomiting under control. Why This Works Chemotherapy is commonly used for cancer treatment, and it often results in side effects like nausea and vomiting. Ginger, when used in these circumstances, acts as a digestive aid and alleviates these side effects. It also has antitumorigenic effects, which means that it inhibits tumor growth if ingested regularly (9). Apart from this easily found herb, there are other herbs in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), like astralagus, that have anticancer effects. The dosage of these medicines depends on many factors. If you want to consider this alternative route of treatment, consult a TCM specialist. 3. Turmeric Against Lung Cancer ￼ Image: Shutterstock You Will Need 2 tablespoons turmeric powder1 tablespoon black pepper powder2 tablespoons ground cuminSalt (to taste) What You Have To Do Mix all the spices and store in a dark place.Add some of this mixture to your food or some hummus and consume it. How Often You Should Do This Include this in your daily diet. Why This Works Turmeric contains curcumin that, when ingested, participates in various molecular pathways and exerts anticancer effects. Turmeric contains anti-inflammatory compounds that reduce the swelling or irritation caused by cancer. Its antioxidants help to eliminate the free radicals that are damaging the healthy cells (10, 11). 4. Apple Cider Vinegar For Lung Cancer ￼ Image: Shutterstock You Will Need 1 teaspoon apple cider vinegar1 teaspoon honeyA glass of warm water What You Have To Do Mix the vinegar and honey in water and drink this on an empty stomach. How Often You Should Do This Repeat this every morning. You can have another glass of the ACV water later during the day as well. Why This Works There is evidence from experiments conducted around the globe that ACV, a type of vinegar, can exert antitumor effects and stop the proliferation of cancer cells. It also works as a preventive measure against precancer cells (12). 5. Juicing For Lung Cancer ￼ Image: Shutterstock You Will Need A glass of fresh pomegranate juice What You Have To Do Drink this anytime during the day. How Often You Should Do This Have this every day religiously as part of your regular diet. Why This Works The antioxidants present in pomegranate juice were shown to reduce the size of lung tumors in lab experiments (13). 6. Kale For Lung Cancer ￼ Image: Shutterstock You Will Need 1 cup kale What You Have To Do Steam the kale leaves for five minutes. Add them to your soup, salad, or any other suitable dish. How Often You Should Do This Eat 3/4th to one cup of kale every day. Why This Works This cruciferous vegetable is rich in organosulfur compounds that have anticancer properties. Kale is also rich in many vitamins and minerals that will help the body to regain its optimum health quickly (14). 7. Lemon And Baking Soda ￼ Image: Shutterstock You Will Need 8 oz. water1/2 teaspoon baking soda1-2 tablespoons lemon juice What You Have To Do In a glass, take the baking soda and add the lemon juice to it.Once the fizzing has stopped, add water to this and drink immediately. You can use organic apple cider vinegar instead of lemon juice. How Often You Should Do This Consume a glass of this every day. Why This Works Cancer cells love an acidic environment in the body. They thrive in the raised acidity of the body fluids and tissues. Baking soda, being an alkaline compound, counteracts this acidity and brings the body’s pH under control (15). This can affect the cancer cells negatively and cause a reduction in tumor size. Caution Consuming baking soda is not advised for every patient. Consult your doctor before you use this remedy. Also, do not drink this 30 minutes before or after a meal as it can influence the digestion of food and absorption of nutrients in the stomach. 8. Vitamins For Lung Cancer ￼ Image: Shutterstock Vitamin D is an important vitamin that has been tested and shown to exert a positive impact on lung cancer treatment and prevention. It plays a vital role in calcium and phosphorus homeostasis in the body. It was also found that it participated in the body’s immune response to cancer and anti-tumor activity. Doctors often recommend supplementation with vitamin D for lung cancer because of these properties (16, 17). Check with your doctor for the appropriate dosage for your age and level of disease, and start taking it immediately. 9. Apricot For Lung Cancer ￼ Image: Shutterstock You Will Need Apricot fruit (fresh or dried) What You Have To Do Have 2-3 of these every day. How Often You Should Do This Make apricot a part of your daily food intake. Why This Works Apricots contain flavonoids like lutein that have chemopreventive effects (18). An extract from this fruit was shown to kill cancer cells in the lab in a study conducted in Japan (19). 10. Mushrooms ￼ Image: Shutterstock There are plenty of mushroom varieties available in the market, and about 100 different species of these are used by Chinese herbalists for their extensive health benefits. Mushrooms such as shiitake, reishi, and turkey tail are most commonly used before starting cancer treatment. They have shown to reduce the side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Recent research has also brought to light the immune-modulating and anticancer compounds found in mushrooms, such as beta glucan, lentinan, lectin, etc. Incorporate these in your diet with salads, in soups, in gravies, or with meat/fish and reap the benefits. Supplements for medicinal mushrooms are also available in the market and can be consumed if fresh mushrooms are not available in your area (20, 21). If not 100% proved, substantial proof is available for the remedies listed above. They have no side effects, so there is no harm in including them in your routine. However, we would recommend taking your doctor’s advice so that no complications arise. Another thing doctors always say is – a healthy diet can always fight cancer. We have compiled a list of recommended foods that will help you control and prevent lung cancer. Make sure you include them in your diet. Foods That Fight Lung Cancer A. Colorful Fruits And Vegetables Add more of vitamin C and vitamin B-rich dishes to your diet. These act as antioxidants and are of great use, especially when it comes to protecting your body from lung cancer. A few examples are squash, berries, oranges, carrots, papayas, and bell peppers.Cruciferous vegetables, such as cauliflower, Brussel sprouts, kale, and broccoli, contain cancer-killing compounds. B. Protein Chicken, eggs, and lean meat are healthy options. Just make sure you don’t fry these items.The omega-3 fatty acids present in salmon, sardines, and mackerel are also some foods you should consume to treat lung cancer. C. Whole Grains Whole grains consist of oats, whole wheat, and quinoa. They contain vitamin B and iron that can boost the immune response against cancer cells. While including these foods in your diet, make sure you stay away from refined carbohydrates, such as pastries and pasta. High sugar foods, fried foods, and spicy foods are best avoided. Risk Factors For Lung Cancer Certain factors can increase your chances of developing lung cancer. These risk factors are: SmokingSecondhand smoke exposureSmoking marijuanaRadon gas exposureExposure to radiationExposure to other carcinogens (cancer-causing agents) such as asbestos, arsenic, uranium or cokeFamily history of lung cancerGenetic mutations seen with old ageLiving in highly polluted areas (22, 23) Here are some tips to prevent lung cancer and some that will help you deal with it. Prevention And Tips 1. Try To Relax Running out of breath can be very dangerous at times. It makes you uncomfortable and anxious. But if you are going to be too worried, you will not find relief from your condition. When you feel you are running short of breath, try to handle the fear by indulging in an activity that makes you feel good and relaxed. You could say a prayer, watch some funny television show or a good movie, or simply imagine a nice vacation spot. 2. Focus On Breathing Another natural way to treat short breaths is to focus on your breathing. Fill your lungs with air and try to control the muscles that handle your diaphragm. You should also breathe through pursed lips and pace your breaths with the help of this technique. 3. Save Some Energy When you feel like you can’t breathe anymore, it becomes very natural to feel tired. Treat this problem by simply getting rid of all those tasks that are not needed or make you feel very tired or exhausted. You should save your energy as much as possible when undergoing treatment for cancer. 4. Plenty Of Small Meals Low appetite is one of the most common symptoms that come with lung cancer, especially in the advanced stages. This is why you end up losing weight, and sometimes, it can make you malnourished. However, you could control this symptom by simply eating plenty of small meals throughout the day. Try adding a few soft or bland meals to your diet if you find a few dishes difficult to consume. 5. Stop Smoking If you are someone who smokes, it’s high time you stopped it right away. This will help your treatment become effective and let you live longer. When you smoke, the healing process can get delayed as the nicotine found in tobacco leads to the multiplication of cancerous cells. So, it is better to keep all your cigarettes away while you’re trying to recover. Also, stay away from secondhand smoking as much as possible. 6. Meditation Meditation reduces stress and improves the quality of life significantly. You can follow a few YouTube channels of your choice to learn more about meditation or simply learn the techniques and practice when you are free. Just 10 minutes of meditation can prove to be a life-changing experience for all lung cancer patients. 7. Heat Or Cold Packs If you are experiencing pain in any section of your body, try some heat or cold packs. The heat pack is for your chest pain, and cold packs are for your joint or bone pain. As your skin would be tender from radiation treatment, make sure not to use the packs directly on your skin. 8. Body Massage A good body massage will also alleviate the symptoms of body pain, something that is very common among lung cancer patients. Do avoid getting a massage on those areas where you have visible tumors or deep vein thrombosis. 9. Stay Away From Carcinogens Be it radon or any other carcinogen your body is being exposed to at work, for example, asbestos, avoid exposure to them. You can contact your local public health department to check your home for radon levels. For carcinogen exposure at work, use all precautionary measures given by the employer. 10. Exercise Regularly Keeping your body active a few hours during the week will boost your immune system and health. Do not exert yourself. Simple walking, jogging, or aerobic exercises are also fine. You can practice yoga as well. Lung cancer is definitely not a simple ailment affecting the body. It is a critical disease that requires medical attention at the earliest. The natural remedies we have given in this article can help you in the process of recovery. Please do not rely on these remedies alone as they only act as supplements to the treatment advised by the oncologist. Below are a few more doubts regarding lung cancer answered for you. Expert’s Answers For Readers’ Questions What does lung cancer feel like? Lung cancer patients usually experience cough, pain in the chest, fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath (or wheezing), discomfort in the chest, and sudden weight loss. How does lung cancer affect the body? The cancerous cells destroy and damage healthy lung tissues to cause the various symptoms given in this article. What percentage of smokers get lung cancer? There is no definite percentage for this as the numbers vary for former smokers, current smokers, and heavy smokers. More than 24% of heavy smokers are at a risk of developing lung cancer. Can e-cigarettes cause lung cancer? High power e-cigarettes are capable of producing high levels of benzene, which is considered as a cancer-causing agent. So, if you do use an e-cigarette, steer clear of the high power ones. Can marijuana cause lung cancer? Yes, smoking marijuana over long periods can cause lung cancer (24). Can chewing tobacco cause lung cancer? Oral tobacco can cause lung cancer as it contains 28 different types of carcinogens. It is not an alternative to smoking (25). What are the chances of surviving stage 4 lung cancer? The 5-year survival rate of stage 4 lung cancer is 1-2%. What color represents lung cancer? A white ribbon is used for lung cancer awareness campaigns. How long can you live with lung cancer? The survival rate of lung cancer depends on the stage of the disease. As the disease progresses, the prognosis becomes more and more unfavorable. What are the alternatives to chemotherapy for lung cancer? Depending on the stage of the disease, the oncologist will pick the most suitable method and course of treatment. Apart from chemotherapy, surgery, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, and target therapy are used in varied combinations to get the best outcome (26). What is the cause of mucus in the lungs? The chemicals from smoking irritate the mucus linings of the lungs, causing them to produce excess mucus. Lung infections can also be easily contracted in such conditions, which are also a cause of excess mucus production. Can lung cancer be treated with radiotherapy? Yes, radiotherapy is often used by itself or in combination with other therapies for lung cancer treatment. Does yoga cure lung cancer? Yoga consists of stretching, breathing, and meditation exercises. Yoga, by itself, cannot cure lung cancer. However, it can help ease breathing and relieve stress. You can do simple yoga asanas at home or join a health center near your place. We tried our best to cover as much about lung cancer, including the causes, symptoms, natural remedies, and tips to help you on your road to recovery. Do keep these mind. If you are not afflicted with this disease, do share the information with someone who might benefit from it. You could make a huge difference to someone’s life. Also, leave your ideas and comments in the box given below. Recommended ArticlesDr. Tapan Kumar Sau4 Likes10 Answers
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Friends today I am discussing about Sexual hormone disorders in females. Sexual Hormone Disorders: Females Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) This disorder is characterized by oligomenorrhea (irregular menstrual cycles) or amenorrhea (no menstrual cycles) with symptoms of hyperandrogenism (extra male like hormones) such as acne and hirsutism (extra male like hair growth). This is the most common endocrine disorder in young females. Blood tests which may be elevated in this condition are testosterone and DHEAS. Cysts may be present on the ovaries but are not necessary for diagnosing this disorder. The underlying cause of this disorder is thought to be insulin resistance (poor response of body tissues to insulin). Therefore, blood sugar and insulin levels may also be evaluated. PCOS can result in obesity, infertility, diabetes, heart disease and uterine cancer. Exercise, weight loss and medications can be used to improve insulin sensitivity. Menstrual cycles can also be regulated with birth control pills. Hirsutism Hirsutism is the growth of excessive hair in a male pattern. This would include face, chest, abdomen and back. This is usually due to the increased production of androgens (male hormones). Disorders in which hirsutism is seen include: polycystic ovarian syndrome, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, ovarian tumors or adrenal tumors. Blood tests are used to help determine a cause. Occasionally, there is no cause found for the hair growth (idiopathic hirsutism). Medical treatment varies by the underlying cause of the hirsutism. Topical treatments including electrolysis and laser can be used to decrease hair growth. Androgen Excess Androgen excess refers to the overproduction of male hormones. This can result from ovarian or adrenal tumors. Other disorders such as polycystic ovarian syndrome, Cushing’s syndrome (the overproduction of cortisol), hyperprolactinemia and congenital adrenal hyperplasia can cause extra male hormones to be produced. In women androgen excess can cause hirsutism ( excessive hair growth), acne, male pattern baldness, menstrual cycle irregularities and infertility. Diagnosis is generally made through blood tests. CT scans of adrenal glands and ovaries are occasionally needed. Treatments vary by the underlying cause of the androgen excess. Menopause/perimenopause Menopause is defined as the cessation of menstrual cycles. This usually occurs at about the age of 50 in most women. For 2 to 8 years preceding this, menstrual cycles may be irregular. This is referred to as the menopausal transition or perimenopause. As estrogen and progesterone levels decline women may experience a variety of symptoms. These symptoms can include hot flashes, sleep disturbances, fatigue, irritability, decreased sex drive, vaginal dryness and depression. Long term estrogen deficiency can result in osteoporosis (thinning of the bones). Menopause is generally diagnosed by symptoms though blood tests can at times assist the diagnosis. A variety of treatments both estrogen and non-estrogen based can be used to treat menopausal symptoms. Several clinical trials have raised concerns about increased risk of breast cancer, heart disease, blood clots and stroke in women treated with hormone therapy. Because of these potential risks, hormone therapy needs to be individualized. Additional non-hormonal based treatments are available for treating symptoms associated with menopause and osteoporosis (thinning of the bones). हार्मोन महिलाओं के अच्छे स्वास्थ्य के लिए बहुत महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभाते हैं। जब हार्मोन के स्तर में अस्थिरता होती है, तो उसका सीधा प्रभाव पड़ता है जिससे मूड बदलता है ,डिप्रेशन हो सकता है और वह आपकी यौन इच्छा, ओवुलेशन और प्रजनन क्षमता को भी प्रभावित कर सकता हैं। कई बार शारीरिक हार्मोनल असंतुलन के कारण कुछ हार्मोन का उत्पादन ज़्यादा या कम हो जाता है। अकसर हम शरीर द्धारा भेजे संकेतों पर ज़्यादा ध्यान नहीं देते है और इससे स्थिति बदतर हो जाती है। इसलिए,हार्मोन असंतुलन का संकेत देने वाले कुछ सामान्य लक्षण जानना आवश्यक है, और अगर यह लक्षण कुछ दिनों में नहीं जाते तो जल्द से जल्द डॉक्टर को दिखाना चाहिए। वजन बढ़ना : पेट के निचले हिस्से में या जांघों में वजन बढ़ना यह संकेत देता है कि एड्रेनल ग्लैंड द्धारा कोर्टिसोल हार्मोन ज़्यादा स्रावित होने से इंसुलिन के स्तर (खून से जारी होने वाला) में वृद्धि हो जाती है। यह ब्लड शुगर के स्तर को प्रभावित करता है और दिल से संबंधित बीमारियों को जन्म दे सकता है। बालों का झड़ना : एक दिन में 100 से 200 से ज़्यादा बाल टूटना बहुत खतरनाक है। डीहैड्रो-टेस्टोस्टेरोन हार्मोन के असंतुलन से अत्यधिक बाल टूटते है। गर्भावस्था के बाद नींद में गड़बड़ी होना : नींद पूरी न होना एक बहुत ही आम समस्या है, लेकिन गर्भावस्था के बाद यह महिलाओं में एक बड़ी संख्या में होती देखी जाती है । ऐसा प्रोजेस्टेरोन ( एक हार्मोन जो आराम प्रदान करने वाले गुणों का है) में कमी होने के कारण होता है। गर्भावस्था के बाद प्रोजेस्टेरोन में गिरावट होने से आप बेचैन महसूस कर सकती है और आपकी नींद को प्रभावित कर सकता है। योनि में सूखापन: रजोनिवृत्ति (मीनोपॉज) की शुरुआत के साथ, एस्ट्रोजन का स्तर कम होने के कारण योनि में सूखापन हो जाता है ।यह यौन गतिविधि को असहज या दर्दनाक कर सकता हैं। डिप्रेशन: क्या आपको बिना किसी कारण उदास लगता है और वह भी बहुत बार? यह हार्मोनल असंतुलन का संकेत हो सकता है। जब थायराइड हार्मोन का स्राव बढ़ जाता है, तब यह होता है। पसीना: अगर आप 40 से ऊपर हैं और बहुत पसीना आता है, तो खबरदार रहें। यह रजोनिवृत्ति (मीनोपॉज) की शुरुआत के कारण हो सकता है। एंडोक्राइन सिस्टम को प्रभावित करने वाले सेरोटोनिन हार्मोन के असंतुलन के कारण अत्यधिक पसीना आ सकता है। चीनी खाने की लालसा :लगातार मीठा भोजन खाने की इच्छा होना हार्मोनल असंतुलन का संकेत है जिसके कारण थायराइड या मधुमेह हो सकता है। लगातार भूख लगना : अगर आपको मुख्य भोजन लेने के बाद भी भूख लगती है, तो यह हार्मोन घ्रेलिन की वजह से हो सकता है (जो हमारी भूख के लिए जिम्मेदार है)। ओक्सिनटोमोडयूलिन और लेप्टिन जैसे हार्मोन भूख को कम करते हैं । इन हार्मोन के असंतुलन से आपको हर समय भूख महसूस होती है। लगातार थकान होना : क्या आप सुस्त या हर समय नींद आना महसूस करते हैं? थकान कभी न जाने वाली लगती है ? थायराइड हार्मोन के कारण हाइपोथायरायडिज्म भी इसके पीछे कारण हो सकता है। गैस और सूजन: ज़्यादातर हल्की गैस और सूजन जीवन शैली कारकों की वजह से होता हैं लेकिन अगर यह स्थिर है तो यह एक अंतर्निहित हार्मोनल स्थिति हो सकती है। जब एस्ट्रोजन का स्तर अनियमित होता हैं, तो शरीर अधिक तरल पदार्थ बनाए रखने के कारण फूला हुआ महसूस होता है। Homeopathy treatment works as a boon for all those suffering from infertility. It uses natural remedies which are safe and side effects free. These remedies go down to the roots of the problem and correct them. homeopathy treatment based on the symptoms and severity of the condition and also based on the theory of individualization. These remedies not just regularizes hormone secretion but also eliminates the risk of several complications associated with this condition and improves overall health and wellbeing.Dr. Rajesh Gupta4 Likes7 Answers
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World Cancer Day is an international day marked on February 4 to raise AWARENESS of CANCER and to encourage its prevention, detection, and treatment. World Cancer Day was founded by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) to support the goals of the World Cancer Declaration, written in 2008. The primary goal of World Cancer Day is to significantly reduce illness and death caused by cancer and is an opportunity to rally the international community to end the injustice of preventable suffering from cancer. : World Cancer Day themes . In 2016, World Cancer Day started a three-year campaign under the tagline of 'We can. I can.', which explored the power of collective and individual actions to reduce the impact of cancer. 2019 will be the start of a new campaign theme. Year Theme 2019 - 2021 'I Am and I Will.'. 2016 - 2018 'We can. I can.' 2015 Not Beyond Us. 2014 Debunk the Myths. 2013 Cancer Myths - Get the Facts . 2012 Together let's do something. 2011 Cancer can be prevented. : World Cancer Day Facts & Quotes... In 2019, a new three-year campaign will be launched called "I Am and I Will". The focus of the campaign is on individuals taking action now. The tagline for World Cancer Day 2016-2018's campaign is We can. I can. This tagline attempted to explore what society as a whole and each individual on their own can do to reduce cancer worldwide. Breast, lung and prostate cancer are the most commonly diagnosed cancers in the United States. Approximately 70% of patients with lung cancer die, while only 16% and 14% of patients with breast and prostate cancer suffer the same fate. Childhood cancers are not common. Less than 1% of all cancer diagnoses in a given year will be for a child under the age of 15. According to the World Health Organization, at least one-third of all cancer cases are preventable. Lifestyle changes such as, not smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, keeping active and eating right can prevent certain types of cancer. Since cancer knows no boundaries, and individual countries cannot address the challenges of cancer in isolation, a new cooperative approach to research, advocacy, prevention and treatment must be established. - Paris Charter ** Some of the Most Common Signs and Symptoms of Cancer. ** Although every case is different, some general signs and symptoms of cancer include: Weight loss Unexplained weight loss of 10 pounds or more may be one of the first signs of cancer. Weight loss is common in people who have pancreatic, stomach, esophageal, or lung cancer, but can occur with any type of cancer. * Fever Fevers frequently crop up when a cancer has metastasized. Night sweats often accompany the fevers. Nearly all people with cancer will experience a fever at some point. * Fatigue Feeling extremely tired can be a symptom of cancer in your body. * A lump A lump or thickening of skin can be an early or late sign of cancer. People with cancers in the breast, lymph nodes, soft tissues, and testicles typically have lumps. * Skin changes Yellowing, darkening, or redness of the skin can signal cancer. Also, sores that don’t heal should be checked out. Additionally, moles, freckles, or warts that change in color, shape, or size could be a sign of skin cancer. * Pain Most of the time, pain happens because the cancer has already spread in your body. But pain may be an early symptom of bone cancer or testicular cancer. Back pain is common in people with colon, rectal, pancreatic, or ovarian cancer. Those with brain tumors often complain of a headache that doesn’t go away. * Bowel or bladder function changes Constipation, diarrhea, and other bowel issues may be a sign of colon cancer. People with bladder and prostate cancer may report pain during urination, blood in the urine, or other bladder-function changes. * Cough or hoarseness A cough that doesn’t go away or a hoarse voice may be a sign of lung cancer, cancer of the larynx, or thyroid cancer. (1,2) Indigestion Indigestion or problems swallowing can be a sign of stomach, esophageal, or throat cancer. (1,2) * Bleeding Unusual bleeding is associated with many different cancers. Coughing up blood may signal lung cancer. Bloody stools could be a sign of colon or rectal cancer. * Women with cervical or endometrial cancer may experience abnormal vaginal bleeding. Blood in the urine could mean you have bladder or kidney cancer. Bloody discharge from a woman’s nipple might indicate breast cancer. (1,2) * Changes in your mouth White patches inside your mouth or on your tongue could be precancers that can turn into oral cancer. Sores, bleeding, or numbness in the mouth may also be a sign of certain cancers. * Swollen lymph nodes Sometimes, enlarged lymph nodes can signal cancer. You should have your doctor check it out if your gland remains swollen for three to four weeks. Being out of breath Constantly feeling out of breath may be a sign of certain cancers. Most of the time, these symptoms aren’t caused by cancer. A benign tumor or other problems may be the culprit. But you shouldn’t ignore symptoms that are persistent, severe, or don’t go away. Why Noticing Cancer Symptoms Is Important Identifying symptoms can help you and your doctor detect your cancer earlier. This is important because the sooner cancer is found, the better your prognosis.Dr. Chhaya Sheth4 Likes2 Answers
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HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY (HRT) HRT is a treatment used to relieve symptoms of Menopause.It replaces the hormones that are at a lower level as you approach menopause. COMMON SYMPTOMS. *Hot flushes-short,sudden feelings of heat,usually in the face,neck and chest,which can make the skin red and sweaty. *Night sweats. -hot flushes that occur in the night. *Difficulty sleeping. *Reduced sex drive. *Problems with memory and concentration. *Vaginal dryness and pain,itching or discomfort during sex. *Headache. *Mood changes. *Palpitations. *Joint stiffness,aches and pains. *Reduced muscle mass. *Recurrent UTI. BENEFITS OF HRT. *HRT relieves most of the menopausal symptoms like hot flushes, night sweats, mood swings ,vaginal dryness and reduced sex drive. CONTRA INDICATIONS FOR HRT. HRT not suitable in cases of *History of breast /ovarian /uterine cancer. *History of thromboembolism. *History of liver disease. TYPES OF HRT. 1)Only estrogen : women who have undergone hysterectomy and bilateral oophorectomy can take only estrogen,they don't need progesterone as there is no risk of endometrial cancer. 2)Cyclical HRT. Perimenopausal women with symptoms can take estrogen for 4 weeks and progesterone in the latter two weeks. 3)Continuous HRT.for post menopausal women.they take Continuous combination of estrogen and progesterone. Ex Tibolone. HRT can be taken in the following forms. *Cream /gel :placed either on skin or vagina in a case of vaginal dryness. *Tablets. *Skin patch. HRT is taken a the lowest dose till the symptoms are reduced.once there is relief of symptoms,they can be weaned off. ADDED BENEFITS OF HRT. *HRT prevents bone density loss ,preservesbone integrity and reduces the risk of fractures. *Reduces the risk of colon cancer. SIDE EFFECTS. *Breakthrough bleeding. *Breast tenderness. *Bloating ,nausea. HRT RELATED HEALTH RISKS. *Women who used. combined E&P for >>5 years are at increased risk of breast cancer. *Women >>60 years on combined HRT has a small increased risk of heart disease and stroke. * Increased risk of venous thromboembolism. (not seen with non oral therapy like patches,implants and gels) *Increased risk of endometrial cancer in those taking oestrogen only HRT. *Increased risk of ovarian cancer. In the Indian scenario, 99 %of women hesitate to take HRT.for that matter,even old highly qualified persons including doctors don't prefer HRT.Dr. Suvarchala Pratap8 Likes4 Answers