PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE : DEFINITION : PID is defined as a spectrum of inflammatory disorders of the upper female genital tract , including any combination of endometritis, salpingitis,tubo-ovarian abscess and pelvic peritonitis. It is a serious complication of some STD's , especially chlamydia and gonorrhea. PID can damage the fallopian tubes and tissues in and near the uterus and ovaries. PID leads to serious consequences including infertility ,ectopic pregnancy,abscess formation and chronic pelvic pain. CAUSATIVE ORGANISMS : Causative organisms are bacteria ,fungi,virus and parasites Sexually transmitted organisms are implicated in most cases.especially N.GONORRHEA & C.TRACHOMATIS. Microorganisms that comprise the vaginal flora also have been associated with PID. Gardnerella vaginalis. Haemophilus influenza. Enteric gram negative rods. Streptococcus agalactiae. Other organisms involved are Cytomegalovirus. M.hominis. U.urealyticum. M.genitilium. RISK FACTORS : *H/O STDs,especially gonorrhea &chlamydia. *Teenage sex. *Multiple sexual partners. *Intra uterine device. *Prior episodes of PID. *HIV. TYPES: ACUTE PID : Patient has generalized symptoms. Lasts few days. May recur in episodes. Very infectious. CHRONIC PID : Patient may be asymptomatic. Occurs over months and years. Progressive organ damage. SYMPTOMS : 1.Lower abdominal pain,may worse when move 2.Dyspareunia 3.Dysuria. 4.Dysmenorrhoea. 5.Post coital bleeding /metrorrhagia. 6.Low back ache. 7.Fever . 8.Feeling of tiredness. 9.Abnormal vaginal discharge. 10.Nausea ,vomiting . SIGNS : 1.Lower abdominal tenderness. 2.Adnexal and cervical tenderness on bimanual palpation. 3.Muco purulent vaginal discharge. 4.Cervicitis seen on speculum examination. 5.May find palpable adnexal mass. 6.Pyrexia.



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Nice presentation.

Good information mam

Always mind blowing

Useful and informative mam

@detailed presentation

Details about treatment madam more specifically

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