Well in this case we need to look for trigger points spl in calf muscle . What is the built of the person normal or obese. Vitamin b12 is ofcourse major factor. . Stretching exercises will help a lot in relieving pain.and for long term management strengthening exercises for leg eg calf raises and hans and quads ex.
You said loss of muscle power?? If there is loss of muscle power,, then your diagnosis of RLS is wrong You should tell us which muscles are weak and how much is the power How are the DTR,s
For restless leg syndrome Start with Pramipexole o.125 mg 1-1-1 for 1week,and then increased to 0.25 mg 1-1-1 And continued for2 weeks and check the response .and then give follow up. If no response,we have to increase the dose. I hope she will improve
look for underlying causes like Iron deficiency/chronic Renal failure/ parkinsonism/ Peripheral neuropathy like in diabetes or vit B12 deficiency/ electrolyte imbalance just to name a few causes. Look for any drug causes like Antipsychotics/ SSRI/ antiemetics Treat these conditions if present . Avoid coffee / tea Symtomatic treatment for leg movements- Pramipexole for moderate to severe cases (Alternate is Ropinirole/ Rotigotine/ levodopa)with BZDs . In mild cases only BZD can be effective. If still symptom persist add Gabapentin Aerobic exercises if possible
RESTLESS LEG SYNDROME - USUALLY ITS A UNCOMFORTABLE SENSATION IN LOWER LIMBS. SENSATION LIKE ITCHY; PINS AND NEEDLES or CREPY AND CRAWLY IN THE LIMBS. TREATMENT- NON DRUG - leg massage Hot baths or heating pads Good sleep habits Drug - mostly Dopaminergic drug which act on neurotransmitter oin the brain Mirapex or Pramipex is the drug of choice ..
1st line drug is pramipexole,start with o.125 mg 1-1-1 for a week and the increase to 0.25 mg1-1-1 for another week and further increment according to the response. Most of the pts will respond to small doses
for heel pain rule out for calcaneal heel spur
what is S.ferritin level
Add Tab Pramipex 0.75 mg bd I agree with Dr Nitin Kumar Gupta
did she attain menopause? can post menopausal effect. regarding physiotherapy treatment she can b benefitted with relaxation exercises, aerobic exercise like cycling , walking. closed kinematic chain exs and interferential therapy for the pain.
Cases that would interest you
- Login to View the image
*Restless leg syndrome (RLS* ☝ *Today about*☝ Definition Restless leg syndrome (RLS) or Willis-Ekbom disease(WED) is a common cause of painful legs. The leg pain of restless leg syndrome typically eases with motion of the legs and becomes more noticeable at rest. Restless leg syndrome also features worsening of symptoms and leg pain during the early evening or later at night. Restless leg syndrome Restless leg syndrome is often abbreviated RLS; it has also been termed shaking leg syndrome. Night time involuntary jerking of the legs during sleep is also known as periodic leg/limb movement disorder. History The first known medical description of RLS was by Sir Thomas Willis in 1672. Willis emphasized the sleep disruption and limb movements experienced by people with RLS. Initially published in Latin (De Anima Brutorum, 1672) but later translated to English (The London Practice of Physick, 1685), The term “fidgets in the legs” has also been used as early as the early nineteenth century. Subsequently, other descriptions of RLS were published, including those by Francois Boissier de Sauvages (1763), Magnus Huss (1849), Theodur Wittmaack (1861), George Miller Beard (1880), Georges Gilles de la Tourette (1898), Hermann Oppenheim (1923) and Frederick Gerard Allison (1943). However, it was not until almost three centuries after Willis, in 1945, that Karl-Axel Ekbom (1907–1977) provided a detailed and comprehensive report of this condition in his doctoral thesis, Restless legs: clinical study of hitherto overlooked disease. Ekbom coined the term “restless legs” and continued work on this disorder throughout his career. He described the essential diagnostic symptoms, differential diagnosis from other conditions, prevalence, relation to anemia, and common occurrence during pregnancy. Epidemiology Except perhaps in Asian populations, RLS is a common disorder, occurring in about 10% of the population. The age-adjusted prevalence of RLS determined by telephone interviews in a random population of 1803 adults in Kentucky was 10%. A Canadian survey of 2019 adults estimated the prevalence of RLS symptoms at 17% for women and 13% for men. A population-based survey in West Pomerania, Germany, of 4107 subjects found an overall 10.6% prevalence. Using standardized questions in face-to-face interviews, Rothdach et al. reported an overall prevalence of 9.8% in 369 participants ages 65-83 years in Augsburg, Germany. In a study from Japan, 4612 participants living in urban residential areas were assessed for a single symptom of RLS by a self-administered questionnaire of the following two items: (1) Have you ever been told you jerk your legs or kick sometimes and (2) have you ever experienced sleep disturbance due to a creeping sensation or hot feeling in your legs? The prevalence of RLS ranged from 3% in women ages 20-29 years to 7% in women ages 50-59 years and correlated with age. In contrast to the first three studies, RLS had a higher prevalence in men than women, with the difference reaching significance in those 40-49 years old; in men there was no positive correlation with age. Face-to-face interviews of 157 consecutive individuals ages 55 years and older participating in a health screening program and 1000 consecutive individuals ages 21 years and older from a primary health care center in Singapore yielded much lower prevalence data. Using IRLSSG criteria, the prevalence of RLS in this predominantly Asian population was 0.6% in the older (1 male) and 0.1% (1 female) in the younger cohorts. In the Kentucky and Singapore studies, there was no gender difference; however, in the two German studies, the prevalence was higher in women and in the Japanese study it was higher in men. The Canadian study reported a significantly higher occurrence of bedtime leg restlessness in women. Types Restless legs syndrome (RLS) can be either primary or secondary, and the causes vary. Primary RLS is a neurological disorder. Although the majority of people with RLS begin to experience symptoms in their middle years, some may have signs of the problem in childhood. Their symptoms may slowly progress for years before becoming a regular occurrence. Secondary RLS tends to be more severe than the primary type and stems from another underlying condition, including the following: Anemia or low blood-iron levels Folate deficiency Nerve damage due to diabetes or other conditions Kidney disease or dialysis Attention deficit disorder (ADD) Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Pregnancy Rheumatoid arthritis Parkinson’s disease Risk factors RLS/WED can develop at any age, even during childhood. The disorder is more common with increasing age and more common in women than in men. Restless legs syndrome usually isn’t related to a serious underlying medical problem. However, RLS/WED sometimes accompanies other conditions, such as: Peripheral neuropathy: This damage to the nerves in your hands and feet is sometimes due to chronic diseases such as diabetes and alcoholism. Iron deficiency: Even without anemia, iron deficiency can cause or worsen RLS/WED. If you have a history of bleeding from your stomach or bowels, experience heavy menstrual periods or repeatedly donate blood, you may have iron deficiency. Kidney failure: If you have kidney failure, you may also have iron deficiency, often with anemia. When kidneys don’t function properly, iron stores in your blood can decrease. This, with other changes in body chemistry, may cause or worsen RLS/WED. Causes The cause of restless leg syndrome is unknown in most people. However, restless leg syndrome has been associated with Pregnancy, Obesity, Smoking, Iron deficiency and anemia, Nerve disease, Polyneuropathy (which can be associated with hypothyroidism, heavy metal toxicity, toxins, and many other conditions), Other hormone diseases such as diabetes, and Kidney failure (which can be associated with vitamin and mineral deficiency). Some drugs and medications have been associated with restless leg syndrome including: Caffeine, Alcohol, H2-histamine blockers (such as ranitidine [Zantac] and cimetidine [Tagamet]), and certain antidepressants (such as amitriptyline [Elavil, Endep]). Occasionally, restless leg syndrome run in families. Recent studies have shown that restless leg syndrome appears to become more common as a person ages. Also, poor venous circulation of the legs (such as with varicose veins) can cause restless leg syndrome. Symptoms The International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group described the following symptoms of restless legs syndrome (RLS): Strange itching, tingling, or “crawling” sensations occurring deep within the legs; these sensations may also occur in the arms. A compelling urge to move the limbs to relieve these sensations Restlessness — floor pacing, tossing and turning in bed, rubbing the legs Symptoms may occur only with lying down or sitting. Sometimes, persistent symptoms worsen while lying down or sitting and improve with activity. In very severe cases, the symptoms may not improve with activity. Other symptoms of RLS include the following: Sleep disturbances and daytime sleepiness Involuntary, repetitive, periodic, jerking limb movements that occur either in sleep or while awake and at rest; these movements are called periodic leg movements of sleep or periodic limb movement disorder. Up to 90% of people with RLS also have this condition. In some people with RLS, the symptoms do not occur every night but come and go. These people may go weeks or months without symptoms (remission) before the symptoms return again. Complications Restless legs syndrome rarely results in any serious consequences. However, in some cases severe and persistent symptoms can cause considerable mental distress, chronic insomnia, and daytime sleepiness. In addition, since restless legs syndrome (RLS) is worse when resting, people with severe RLS may avoid daily activities that involve long periods of sitting, such as going to movies or traveling long distances. Diagnosis and test There’s no single test for diagnosing restless legs syndrome. A diagnosis will be based on your symptoms, your medical and family history, a physical examination, and your test results. Your GP should be able to diagnose restless legs syndrome, but they may refer you to a neurologist if there’s any uncertainty. There are four main criteria your GP or specialist will look for to confirm a diagnosis. These are: an overwhelming urge to move your legs, usually with an uncomfortable sensation such as itching or tingling your symptoms occur or get worse when you’re resting or inactive your symptoms are relieved by moving your legs or rubbing them your symptoms are worse during the evening or at night Blood tests Your GP may refer you for blood tests to confirm or rule out possible underlying causes of restless legs syndrome. For example, you may have blood tests to rule out conditions such as anaemia, diabetes and kidney function problems. It’s particularly important to find out the levels of iron in your blood because low iron levels can sometimes cause secondary restless legs syndrome. Low iron levels can be treated with iron tablets. Sleep tests If you have restless legs syndrome and your sleep is being severely disrupted, sleep tests such as a suggested immobilisation test may be recommended. The test involves lying on a bed for a set period of time without moving your legs while any involuntary leg movements are monitored. Occasionally, polysomnography may be recommended. This is a test that measures your breathing rate, brain waves and heartbeat throughout the course of a night. The results will confirm whether you have periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS). Treatment and medications Treatment for RLS is targeted at easing symptoms. In people with mild to moderate restless legs syndrome, lifestyle changes, such as beginning a regular exercise program, establishing regular sleep patterns, and eliminating or decreasing the use of caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco, may be helpful. Treatment of an RLS-associated condition also may provide relief of symptoms. Other non-drug RLS treatments may include: Leg massages Hot baths or heating pads or ice packs applied to the legs Good sleep habits A vibrating pad called Relaxis Medications may be helpful as RLS treatments, but the same drugs are not helpful for everyone. In fact, a drug that relieves symptoms in one person may worsen them in another. In other cases, a drug that works for a while may lose its effectiveness over time. Drugs used to treat RLS include: Dopaminergic drugs, which act on the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain. Mirapex, Neupro, and Requip are FDA-approved for treatment of moderate to severe RLS. Others, such as levodopa, may also be prescribed. Benzodiazepines, a class of sedative medications, may be used to help with sleep, but they can cause daytime drowsiness. Narcotic pain relievers may be used for severe pain. Anticonvulsants, or antiseizure drugs, such as Tegretol, Lyrica, Neurontin, and Horizant. Although there is no cure for restless legs syndrome, current treatments can help control the condition, decrease symptoms, and improve sleep. Lifestyle and home remedies Making simple lifestyle changes can help alleviate symptoms of RLS/WED. Try baths and massages: Soaking in a warm bath and massaging your legs can relax your muscles. Apply warm or cool packs: Use of heat or cold, or alternating use of the two, may lessen your limb sensations. Try relaxation techniques: such as meditation or yoga. Stress can aggravate RLS/WED. Learn to relax, especially before bedtime. Establish good sleep hygiene: Fatigue tends to worsen symptoms of RLS/WED, so it’s important that you practice good sleep hygiene. Ideally, have a cool, quiet, comfortable sleeping environment; go to bed and rise at the same time daily; and get adequate sleep. Some people with RLS/WED find that going to bed later and rising later in the day helps in getting enough sleep. Exercise: Getting moderate, regular exercise may relieve symptoms of RLS/WED, but overdoing it or working out too late in the day may intensify symptoms. Avoid caffeine: Sometimes cutting back on caffeine may help restless legs. Try to avoid caffeine-containing products, including chocolate and caffeinated beverages, such as coffee, tea and soft drinks, for a few weeks to see if this helps.Dr. Shailendra Kawtikwar10 Likes17 Answers
- Login to View the image
ABC OF : RESTLESS LEG SYNDROME ( RLS ). MAY BE USEFUL. *** Restless leg syndrome (RLS) IS A COMMON CAUSE OF PAINFUL LEGS. The LEG PAIN of restless leg syndrome TYPICALLY EASES WITH MOTION of the legs and becomes MORE NOTICEABLE AT REST. Restless leg syndrome also features WORSENING of symptoms and leg pain DURING the EARLY EVENING OR LATER AT NIGHT....... Restless leg syndrome is often abbreviated RLS; it has also been termed SHAKING LEG SYNDROME. Nighttime involuntary jerking of the legs during sleep are also known as PERIODIC LEG/LIMB MOVEMENT DISORDER....... ***** Restless leg syndrome (RLS) FACTS :- ** RLS s a condition marked by UNPLEASANT LEG SENSATIONS WHILE RESTING....... ** Restless leg syndrome frequency LEADS TO INSOMNIA....... ** The CAUSE of restless leg syndrome is UNKNOWN IN MOST INDIVIDUALS, BUT MANY CONDITIONS have been ASSOCIATED WITH IT....... ** SYMPTOMS of restless leg syndrome are aching and an URGE TO MOVE THE LOWER EXTREMITIES....... ** TREATMENT of RLS is DIRECTED TOWARDS ANY UNDERLYING ILLNESS, IF KNOWN....... ** MEDICATIONS are AVAILABLE FOR RLS....... ** HOME REMEDIES for restless leg syndrome INCLUDE :- QUITTING SMOKING, REDUCING CAFFEINE, WEIGHT REDUCTION for the overweight, WALKING, QUININE WATER, and IRON SUPPLEMENTATION for those that are iron deficient....... ** RLS IS GENERALLY NOT CONSIDERED CURABLE, MAY PERSISTS LIFELONG BUT TREATMENTS CAN SUBSTANTIALLY LESSEN OR ERADICATE SYMPTOMS....... **** D / D :- Other CONDITIONS that my MIMIC restless leg syndrome include :- POOR CIRCULATIONTO THE LOWER EXTREMITIES, PARKINSON'S DISEASE, FIBROMYALGIA, MUSCLE DISEASES, JOINT CONDITIONS, NERVE PROBLEMS such as PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY caused by diabetes (DIABETIC NEUROPATHY), and CIRCULATION DIFFICULTIES. *** IN CHILDREN, RLS IS OFTEN MISDIAGNOSED AS "GROWING PAINS." ***** CONDITIONS ASSOCIATED WITH RLS :- * PREGNANCY, * OBESITY, * SMOKING, * IRON DEFICIENCY AND ANEMIA, * NERVE DISEASE, * POLYNEUROPATHY (which can be associated WITH HYPOTHYROIDISM, HEAVY METAL TOXICITY, TOXINS, and many other conditions), * other hormone diseases such as DIABETES, and * KIDNEY FAILURE (which can be associated WITH VITAMIN AND MINERAL DEFICIENCY). *** SOME DRUGS AND MEDICATIONS HAVE BEEN ASSOCIATED WITH RLS INCLUDING : CAFFEINE, ALCOHOL, H2-HISTAMINE BLOCKERS and CERTAIN ANTIDEPRESSANT (such as amitriptyline....... ** OCCASIONALLY, RLS RUN IN FAMILIES. ** RECENT STUDIES have SHOWN that restless leg syndrome appears to become MORE COMMON AS A PERSON AGES. Also, POOR VENOUS CIRCULATION OF THE LEGS (such as with VARICOSE VEINS) can cause restless leg syndrome....... *** SYMPTOMS OF RLS :- Many different symptoms are described by people with restless leg syndrome, for example: LEG PAIN, CRAMPS, TINGLING, ITCHY, BURNING....... DIAGNOSIS OF RLS :- The National Institutes of Health (NIH) SAYS that FOUR CRITERIA must be met FOR the DIAGNOSIS OF RLS in a person (ADULT or CHILD) : 1. A STRONG URGE TO MOVE LEGS. This urge OFTEN, but NOT ALWAYS, occurs with UNPLEASANT FEELINGS in legs. 2. WHEN the disorder is SEVERE, patient also may have the URGE TO MOVE her/his ARMS. SYMPTOMS that start or get WORSE WHEN patient is INACTIVE. The urge to move increases when she /he is sitting still or lying down and resting. 3. RELIEF FROM MOVING. Movement, ESPECIALLY WALKING, HELPS relieve the unpleasant feelings. 4. SYMPTOMS that start or get WORSE IN the EVENING OR AT NIGHT. Rx :- TREATMENT of restless leg syndrome is first DIRECTED TOWARDS ANY UNDERLYING ILLNESS, if known. FOR EXAMPLE: BLOOD TESTING to reveal underlying IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA may reveal the underlying cause. If VARICOSE VEINS are thought to be the cause, then SURGERY to repair the circulation may be considered. REDUCTION OR ELIMINATION of CAFFEINE, NICOTINE, and ALCOHOL from a person's diet can be very HELPFUL. STOPPING SMOKING can significantly diminish or prevent symptoms. Getting BETTER SLEEP and EXERCISE can HELP some persons affected by restless legs. ** PREGNANT WOMEN who do not sleep well at night AND other PEOPLE WITH SLEEP DISORDERS MAY DEVELOP RLS. MEDICATIONS USED TO TREAT RLS :- Considering the situation MEDICATIONS used to treat restless leg syndrome INCLUDE : NATURAL SUPPLEMENTS (such as IRON), CARBIDOPA-LEVODOPA, OPIOIDS, CARBAMAZEPINE, CLONAZEPAM, DIAZEPAM, TRIAZOLAM, TEMAZEPAM, BACLOFEN, BROMOCRIPTINE, CLONIDINE, GABAPENTIN, GABAPENTIN ENACARBIL, ROPINIROLE and PRAMIPEXOLE.......Dr. Puranjoy Saha21 Likes32 Answers
- Login to View the image
ABC OF : RESTLESS LEG SYNDROME vs SCIATICA. MAY BE USEFUL. *** Restless Legs Syndrome ( RLS ) :- SYMPTOMS OF RLS : People with restless legs syndrome have uncomfortable sensations in their legs (and sometimes arms or other parts of the body) and an irresistible urge to move their legs to relieve the sensations....... The sensations are usually worse at rest, especially when lying or sitting....... *** SCIATICA :- SYMPTOMS OF SCIATICA : Sciatica is a term that describes symptoms of PAIN, NUMBNESS, AND/OR WEAKNESS that RADIATE ALONG the SCIATIC NERVE FROM the LOWER BACK TO the BUTTOCKS AND LEG....... The vast MAJORITY of sciatica symptoms result from lower back DISORDERS BETWEEN the L4 AND S1 levels that put pressure on or cause irritation to a lumbar....... *** Six Most Common Causes of Sciatica :- 1. Lumbar herniated disc 2. Degenerative disc disease 3. Isthmic spondylolisthesis 4. Lumbar spinal stenosis 5. Piriformis syndrome 6. Sacroiliac joint dysfunction.......Dr. Puranjoy Saha73 Likes73 Answers
- Login to View the image
A 62 yrs old female patient with k/c/o DM and HTN since last 15 years on Insugen 34---0---24,T. Zitamet plus ---ABF , T.Ecosprin Gold --- OD. Now, she has c/o burning over soles . Her lab reports are herewith attached. 1.Is there any need of starting urate lowering drugs as she has no symptoms of joint pain or swelling? 2. What would be the probable cause of increased Vit.B12 and can I start parenteral methylcobalamine for burning of soles? 3. What would be the probable cause of decreased Hb? 4. Is burning of soles is sign of diabetic neuropathy? and should I start pregabalin for this?Dr. Sachin Patil2 Likes7 Answers
- Login to View the image
According to a recent study, high levels of rare gut bacteria may be linked to restless leg syndrome. The findings proved that small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) might be more prevalent among patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS). The results were found in all the patients who have participated in the study. In the general population, the prevalence of SIBO is estimated to be not more than 15%. Regarding the Study The researchers of the study claim that they have observed extremely higher rates of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in the RLS group. SIBO is the condition in which rare gut-residing bacteria are over-presented in the gut. RLS is a sensorimotor disorder characterized by a strong, irresistible urge to move the limbs that is often accompanied by other uncomfortable sensations. These symptoms begin or worsen during periods of rest or inactivity such as lying down or sitting, are partially or relieved by movement such as walking or stretching, and occur exclusively or predominantly in the evening or at night. Low iron in the brain is a key risk factor for RLS. According to the authors, this brain iron deficiency may be secondary to dietary iron deficiency or, potentially, gut inflammation. Study participants completed questionnaires concerning sleep and SIBO symptoms and took home a fecal collection kit and a SIBO breath test kit. Fecal samples were examined, and Aerodiagnostics evaluated SIBO breath samples for hydrogen and methane abnormalities. Researchers said they are going to conduct further analyses to examine the fecal microbial composition, subtypes of RLS iron deficiency, and comparisons with insomnia. The relationship between RLS and gut microbial health has the potential to open a novel way of detection, prevention, and treatment for RLS and other sleep disorders.Dr. Nihal Ahmad8 Likes4 Answers