Renal stone

Kidney stones It is also called as renal calculi, nephrolithiasis or urolithiasis. These are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form inside kidneys. The development of the stones is related to decreased urine volume or increased excretion of stone-forming components such as calcium, oxalate, urate, cystine, xanthine, and phosphate. Kidney stones can affect any part of urinary tract — from kidneys to bladder. Causes: Kidney stones often have no definite, single cause, although several factors may increase risk. - Men get kidney stones more often than women do. - diet high in protein, sodium or sugar. - obesity - Family history of kidney stone -  history of kidney stones can increase risk.  - reduction in fluid intake/ dehydration - increased exercise with dehydration - medications that cause hyperuricemia (high uric acid) - inflammatory bowel diseases that increase calcium absorption. - Gastric bypass surgery Symptoms: kidney stone usually will not cause symptoms until it moves around within kidney or passes into ureters. - Passage of stones down the ureter can cause spasms and irritation of the ureters. This causes blood to appear in the urine. - Sometimes stones block the flow of urine. This is called a urinary obstruction. - severe pain/renal colic - urinating small amounts of urine - Pain or burning sensation while urinating - Severe, sharp pain in the side and back, below the ribs and lower abdomen - Cloudy or foul-smelling urine - Nausea and vomiting - Fever and chills if an infection is present If you have a very small kidney stone that moves easily through your urinary tract, you may not have any symptoms, and may never know that you had a kidney stone. Investigation: - blood tests for calcium, phosphorus, uric acid, and electrolytes - Urine test - X -ray - CT scan Treatment: - The treatment for a kidney stone depends on the size of the stone, what it is made of, whether it is causing pain and whether it is blocking your urinary tract. - Drinking plenty of fluids is a vital part of passing kidney stones and preventing new stones from forming (10-12 glasses/day). - If the stones are related to low citrate levels, citrate juices could help prevent the formation of stones e.g. lemon juice, oranges, grapefruit, lime. - reduce intake of animal proteins - eat less salt, added sugar, and products containing high fructose corn syrup - Eating fewer oxalate-rich foods can reduce risk like chocolates, peanuts, potato chips, spinach. - Don’t take high doses of vitamin C - Diet high in calcium has been associated with a decreased risk of forming kidney stones. Dairy products like milk, cheese, and yogurt are good dietary sources of calcium. - cut back on packaged, processed foods. - Avoid cola drinks - avoid eating or drinking anything which dehydrates you, such as alcohol. Homeopathic remedies: - Homeopathic Remedies for Kidney stones work excellent in passing the stones from the kidney. With this treatment, one can pass the stones quickly, and avoid the risks associated with surgery.The remedy must be selected based on individual symptoms of the patient. - Berberis Vulgaris - Hydrangea Arborescens - Cantharis  - Lycopodium - Sarsaparilla officinalis - Calcarea carbonicum - Nitric acid - Colocynth - Belladonna - Arnica - Aconite

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Nice informative post Doctor

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