Spondyloarthritides are a group of arthritic diseases pt may have Ankylosing spondylitis Psoriatic arthritis Reactive arthritis Reiter's syndrome Enteropathic arthritis or not define Al these. About 90% of people with AS have the HLA B27 gene Treatment Goals of treatment are to reduce pain and stiffness, slow progression of disease, prevent deformity, maintain posture and preserve function. Exercise therapy at first daily exercises for stretching and strengthening, deep breathing exercises and posture exercises to avoid stooping and slumping. sulfasalazine or methotrexate, may be used. the biologic anti-TNF-a agents etanercept adalimumab and infliximab have been approved for use in AS...@Dr. Janki Sharan Bhadani
Radiographic Spondyloarthropathy. Most likely AS. Need to rule out psoriasis
Haldi mix milk with Abha guggal+Br.V.ch.nani ras+Godanti bsm+Trikuta churan combination. Mahavishgarbh oil+ Persarni oil on the effective surface. Yoga expert can help to boost med.effect fastely.@Dr. Janki Sharan Bhadani ji.
After fall they usually have microfractures of the appendages, which are difficult to be demonstrated on xrays, they need rest for few days.
Initial stage of ankylosing spondilytis
Yeah ofcourse ask the patient to get HLA b27
Spondyloarthopathy. Check for HLA-B27, NSAIDS is helpful. Tens is useful.
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Friends today I am discussing about Spondylitis. Spondyloarthritides are a group of arthritic diseases that share several common features. A high percentage of people with these diseases share a similar gene called HLA B27. What is Ankylosing Spondylitis? What you need to know about Spondyloarthritides Spondyloarthritides are a group of arthritic diseases that share several common features. They can cause inflammation of the spine; however, other joints may be affected. The tendon and ligament tissue near the spine or joint is also involved. A high percentage of people with these diseases share a similar gene called HLA B27. Finally, many patients also have inflamed areas in the eye, bowel, genital tract or skin. The spondyloarthropathies include: Ankylosing spondylitis Psoriatic arthritis Reactive arthritis/Reiter's syndrome Enteropathic arthritis Undifferentiated: Patients with features of more than one disease who do not fit in the defined categories above. What is Ankylosing spondylitis (AS)? AS is a chronic, systemic, inflammatory disease of the joints and ligaments of the spine. Other joints may be involved. This typically results in pain and stiffness in the spine. The disease may be mild to severe. The bones of the spine may fuse over time causing a rigid spine. Early diagnosis and treatment may help control the symptoms and reduce debility and deformity. Who gets ankylosing spondylitis (AS)? The onset is typically in late adolescence to early adulthood. It is rare for AS to begin after age 45. The disease is more common in men and in Caucasians. The incidence is 1 in 1000 persons. About 90% of people with AS have the HLA B27 gene. What is reactive arthritis (ReA)? Reactive arthritis is a non-infectious inflammation of one or several joints. It may be self-limited, relapsing or chronic. The condition sometimes follows an infection of the gastrointestinal or genitourinary system. There may be other non-joint features such as eye, genital tract, bowel or skin inflammation. The term Reiter's Syndrome is an older term that most rheumatologists have now replaced with Reactive Arthritis. Reiter's Syndrome was a term originally used to refer to a syndrome of non-infectious eye, genital and joint inflammation following a previous bowel or genital bacterial infection. All of these features are rarely seen together. Who gets reactive arthritis? ReA may follow an infection of the genital tract or bowel, but this is not always identified. It is more common in men and Caucasians. ReA is rare after the age of 50. The disease is associated with the HLA B27 gene in 50 to 80% of patients. What is enteropathic arthritis? Enteropathic arthritis is peripheral joint or spine disease associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), such as Crohn's Disease or Ulcerative Colitis. Who gets enteropathic arthritis? Enteropathic arthritis is seen in up to 10 to 20% of those with IBD. It is more common in juveniles and young adults. The male to female ratio is equal. What causes ankylosing spondylitis (AS)? The cause of AS is unknown although there appears to be some genetic component. AS is associated with the HLA B27 gene but it is unclear why. The gene is seen in about 8% of normal Caucasians. There are no known infectious or environmental causes. What are the signs and symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis (AS)? Early on, there is pain and stiffness in the buttocks and low back due to sacroiliac joint involvement. Over time, the symptoms can progress up the spine to involve the low back, chest and neck. Ultimately, the bones may fuse together causing limited range of motion of the spine and limiting one's mobility. Shoulders, hips and sometimes other joints may be involved. AS may affect tendons and ligaments. For example, the heel may be involved with Achilles tendonitis and plantar fasciitis. Since it is a systemic disease, patients can get fever and fatigue, eye or bowel inflammation, and rarely, there can be heart or lung involvement. AS is typically non life-threatening. Usually, it is a slowly progressive disease. Most people are able to work and function normally. What causes reactive arthritis? The cause of ReA is unknown. It is associated with the HLA B27 gene, but it is unclear why. It is also unclear why ReA is sometimes associated with infection. (Bacterial infections of genital tract with Chlamydia or gastrointestinal tract with Shigella, Salmonella, or Campylobacter). What are the signs and symptoms of reactive arthritis? ReA may follow several weeks after a genital tract or bowel infection. The patient may have acute swelling, pain and redness in one or more joints. Typically, it is more common in the lower extremity joints. During the joint symptoms, one may also have non-infectious genital tract, skin or eye inflammation. ReA patients may have tendonitis, especially of the heel. There may be spine involvement (like ankylosing spondylitis). Traditionally, ReA is self-limited to 3 to 12 months, but up to 50% may have relapsing or chronic disease. The disease is not life threatening, and most people are able to work and function normally. What causes enteropathic arthritis? The cause is unknown. What are the signs and symptoms of enteropathic arthritis? The arthritis typically occurs after the bowel disease is well established. Rarely, the arthritis can start before IBD is diagnosed. There is pain and swelling in one or more joints. Typically, the arthritis occurs in the lower extremity joints. The arthritis may mirror the activity of the bowel disease. There may also be spine involvement (like ankylosing spondylitis). The HLA B27 gene is seen in up to 50% with spine involvement. The spondylitis (spine involvement) is less likely to correlate with the bowel disease activity. Patients may have other systemic symptoms such as fever, skin or eye inflammation, and oral ulcers. Enteropathic arthritis rarely causes joint destruction, deformity or significant disability. Homeopathy helps AS patients by acting on the immune system, which is usually overactive in these people. Depending on the presenting symptoms, the doctor will prescribe a customized regimen for the patient. Rhus Tox: This is the first medicine of choice when the patient experiences sacral/lumbar area pain that is worse at rest, with sitting, or after a period of inactivity. The pain radiates down the legs to the foot. Walking or any other activity/motion provides relief from the pain. Aesculus: This is indicated in patients who have extremely painful and stiff low back and hips. The pain is a constant ache and there is discomfort with trying to rise from a seat, stooping, and walking, where greater effort is required. There is a feeling that the legs would give way, adding to resistance while walking. Kalmia: This is used in patients where the back pain and stiffness are accompanied by a warm, numb, and prickly sensation. Low back pain and neck pain is associated with a burning sensation. The pain appears in sudden bursts in the early parts of the night and travels down the arm or up into the scapula. Kali Carb: This is indicated where there is extreme weakness along with AS symptoms of pain and stiffness in the lumbosacral back area. The patient feels like he is going through a paralytic attack and must lie down to rest. This is a feeling similar to a broken back, and can extend up into the neck or down to the legs. The symptoms are more severe in the early morning hours. Changing positions in the bed worsens the pain.Dr. Rajesh Gupta10 Likes7 Answers
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14 years Male with history of generalised eruptions, polyarthritis with sacroileitis , dactylitis ,and unable to walk with severe low back pain since 1 year .Associated with infective lesions over legs and foot with seropurulent discharge . Diagnosis of Reiter 's disease is made with D/D as Psoriatic arthritis. ankylosing spondylitis. Patient is on wheel chair since 6 months. Opinion. diagnosis and further managementDr. Parveen Yograj4 Likes15 Answers
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Pt. 53/F, C/O pain n jt stiffness in B/L hands n feet since 7-8 yrs. H/O chicken gunia fever 7-8 yrs ago. O/e, stiffness of MCP pIP n dIP jts of both hands. Ankle n MTP jts stiffness. Clinical pic n ixns attached. Advise, Dx n rx plz.Dr. Lukman Sheth7 Likes22 Answers
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45yoF, unusual case , patient without condyloid process. what is this.. help me in diagnosing the OPGDr. Rohit Valecha4 Likes14 Answers
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35 Yrs old male with psoriasis leisons like above,with psoriatic arthrits since 4 Yrs. Pt says onset of disease was with joint pains ,what should b the treatment for psoriatic arthritis.Dr. Vishal Naik0 Like11 Answers