Vry useful post..
Simple update sir. Useful one Dr.
Very informative, Thanks
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FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME. FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME(FAS)/FETAL ALCOHOL SPECTRUM DISORDER(FASD). is a birth defect caused by exposure to alcohol during pregnancy. *There is no cure for FASD. *A person with FASD can get help with their learning and behavior to maximize their independence and achievements. *WHO recommends that pregnant woman should avoid alcohol. *Drinking during pregnancy can cause brain damage , leading to a range of developmental,cognitve and behavioral problems which can appear at any time during childhood. *In the united states,FAS is one of the leading cause of birth defects and most common cause of preventable mental retardation. SYMPTOMS. *CHARACTERISTIC FACIAL FEATURES. Microcephaly. Small palpebral fissures. Epicanthic folds. Depressed nose. Flattened philtrum. Thin upper lip. Micrognathia. *CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM PROBLEMS. Mental retardation. Hyperactivity. Delayed development of gross motor skills such as rolling over,sitting up,crawling and walking. Delayed development of fine motor skills such as grasping objects with thumb and index finger,and transferring objects from one hand to the other. Impaired language development. Memory problems,poor judgement,distractibility,impulsiveness Problems with learning. Seizures. *Decreased birth weight. Hearing disorders. CAUSE OF FAS. FAS is caused by a women's use of alcohol during pregnancy.the alcohol that a pregnant women drinks travels through her blood stream across the placenta to the fetus.A fetus breaks down alcohol much more slowly than an adult.this exposure of the fetus to alcohol causes FAS. TREATMENT. As the child has mental and behavioral problems,they need special education classes,supplemental classroom aids. PREVENTION. PREGNANT WOMAN MUST ABSTAIN FROM ALCOHOL. *Dr. Suvarchala Pratap12 Likes17 Answers
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10 Health Benefits of Mangoes awesomecuisine.com Apr 16, 2018 6:16 AM The bright season is back and there are several reasons for us to be excited about it. This is a season of warmth, sweat, holidays and our favourite mangoes. We bet most of us are eagerly counting the days to caress the yellow, succulent beauty and ravage it until we are satisfied. We greedily grab mangoes to relish the toothsome fruit, but little do we know the numerous benefits this fruit has in store. ￼ Here is why our mothers and grandmothers have been raving about the king of fruits – Prevents cancer Consuming mangoes everyday is a delicious way to make you immune to cancer. Mangoes contain abundant quantities of antioxidant elements. Terpenoids, carotenoids, polyphenols, ascorbic acid and gallic acid prevent breast, colon, prostrate and several kinds of cancer. Mangoes are gifted with unique compounds that cannot be found in any other fruits. Mangiferin compound present in mangoes is another reason for the fruit’s anti-cancer properties. This compound inhibits the growth of cancer and tumour cells. Immunity booster Mangoes are a rich source of beta-carotone and vitamin A. These carotenoids improve your overall health and make you resistant to bacteria and viruses. They fight free radicals and prevent them from harming your organs, thus, reducing the probability of falling sick. A mango a day also keeps the doctor away. Regulates diabetes One can derive wholesome benefits from every part of the fruit as it is a powerhouse of nutrients. Majority of the people with diabetes are afraid to indulge in mangoes because of its sweet taste. But this sweet fruit is known to help you overcome diabetes. Being a rich source fibre and the presence of unique phytochemical like mangiferin, mangoes help in maintaining the level of blood sugar and glucose. Having a concoction of boiled mango leaves has proven to lower spiking sugar levels – a natural way to cure diabetes. Maintains cholesterol levels Mangoes contain an increased level of Vitamin C and pectin that maintains cholesterol the right way. They are also a rich source of fibre that helps in cutting down unwanted cholesterol, especially low-density lipoprotein. Significant amount of potassium present in mangoes regulates blood pressure and heart rate. Enhances your sex life Rightly called the aphrodisiac fruit, mangoes help in regulating sex hormones and boost sex drive. The presence of vitamin E helps in improving men’s virility and increases the production of histamine that’s cardinal for men to reach orgasm. The presence of potassium, magnesium and other vital nutrients boost libido. The combination of beta-carotene and vitamin A is known to prevent sperm damage. A pregnant woman’s saviour Sufficient amount of iron is important during pregnancy. Mangoes are not only a rich source of Iron, but also Vitamins B6, A and C that are great for pregnant mothers and their baby. Iron also treats anaemia, a common problem for women by increasing the count of red blood cells. Mangoes are a great way to satiate voracious cravings during pregnancy and to get the right amount of nutrients. Aids in digestion It is time to make this fibrous fruit a significant member in your daily menu if you waste your precious time in the loo. Being a rich source of fibre, mangoes ease the digestion process and bowel movements. They relieve you from constipation, ulcers and other kind of gastrointestinal disorders. Enzymes in mangoes also help in breaking down carbohydrates and proteins. The next time your tummy feels funny, have an ample dose of mangoes. Helps in achieving flawless skin Vitamins A, C, B6 and other nutrients present in mangoes make consuming them an ideal way for achieving healthy skin. Mangoes cleanse your body within and clear your pores, thereby, keeping acne and other skin problems at bay. It protects your skin from sun and oxidative damage. They improve the complexion and help in maintaining the youth and suppleness of the skin. Alkalizes your body Maintenance of the right pH level of the body is important to stay healthy. Mangoes contain significant amounts of tartaric and malic acids and traces of citric acids as well. This helps in the maintenance of alkaline levels that prevent any damage to muscles, bones and kidneys. It also helps in quick transfer of oxygen to all parts of the body that keeps you energetic, fit and healthy. Memory booster Mangoes are loaded with nutrients that improve your brain health. The presence of vitamin B6 plays an important role in enhancing brain function. Regular consumption of mangoes prevent oxidative stress and cell damage that in turn improves your memory, alertness and prevents any kind of brain disorder. Binge on a plate full of mangoes while you’re preparing for your exams and you are sure to be a topper. ￼Dr. Tapan Kumar Sau9 Likes15 Answers
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Ten health benefits of Black Pepper. Black pepper (scientific name: Piper nigrum) is a hot, pungent spice with a host of health benefits. In fact, it is used extensively in Ayurvedic medicine. It has an active component called piperine that gives black pepper its characteristic taste. Plus, it contains iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, manganese, zinc, chromium, vitamins A and C, and other nutrients. Black pepper usually is added to savory dishes when they are done cooking, otherwise its volatile oils tend to evaporate and diminish its flavor. Freshly ground black pepper has the most flavor. Peppercorns work well in soups, stews, marinades, and other sauces that are cooked slowly. 1. Increases Nutrient Absorption The piperine in black pepper enhances the bioavailability of various nutrients such as vitamins A and C, selenium, beta-carotene, and others, thereby improving your overall health. Bioavailability refers to the amount of a nutrient or supplement that is absorbed by the body. For example, researchers have found that it can increase the bioavailability of the compound curcumin (found in turmeric) twentyfold. Curcumin helps fight cancer, infection, and inflammation. Moreover, piperine stimulates amino acid transporters in the intestinal lining and inhibits enzymes that help metabolize nutritional compounds. It also prevents the removal of substances from cells and reduces intestinal activity, so more substances enter the body in active form and remain available for use. 2. Improves Digestion Black pepper stimulates the taste buds and increases the secretion of hydrochloric acid in the stomach, which in turn aids proper digestion. Interestingly, most digestive problems are caused by a lack of hydrochloric acid rather than excess amounts of it. By improving digestion, black pepper relieves issues like colic, bloating, indigestion, flatulence, and constipation. It also has antibacterial qualities that help treat intestinal diseases caused by bacteria. 3. Stimulates Appetite Besides adding flavor to your food and promoting digestion, black pepper works as an appetite stimulant. Research has shown that black pepper helps improve the appetite through olfactory stimulation. This makes it an excellent, simple remedy for those with a poor appetite. An Ayurvedic remedy specifically for this purpose calls for consuming a mixture of one-half teaspoon of black pepper and one tablespoon of jaggery powder (gur). Take this remedy on a regular basis till you see improvement. 4. Facilitates Weight Loss Although it stimulates the appetite, black pepper also can help you lose weight. The outer layer of peppercorns contains phytonutrients that encourage the breakdown of fat cells. A 2010 study of the effects of piperine on the metabolism of mice revealed that it suppresses fat accumulation in the body. Also, by improving your metabolism this fat-free food can help you burn calories. In addition, being a diuretic and diaphoretic herb, it promotes urination and perspiration, which in turn help flush toxins and excess water from the body. 5. Relieves Gas Being a carminative, black pepper relieves stomach gas and also helps prevent gas formation. If you are prone to stomach gas, try spicing up your food with black pepper instead of chili powder or peppers.To cure indigestion and heaviness in your stomach, you can have a glass of buttermilk mixed with one-quarter teaspoon each of black pepper and cumin powder.You can also massage your belly with black pepper oil mixed with carrier oil (a base oil) to relieve gas pain. 6. Helps Clear Congestion Black pepper can be used to clear up a stuffy nose and congestion as it helps loosen phlegm. It also has antimicrobial properties, which is why black pepper is included in various cough and cold remedies. Simply drink a glass of lukewarm water mixed with one-half tablespoon of black pepper powder, two or three times a day to clear the respiratory system.Alternatively, you can try steam inhalation from a pot of hot water mixed with some black pepper and eucalyptus oil.Another simple remedy is to sniff a mixture of black pepper and a few drops of sesame oil. It will induce sneezing but clear your sinuses. 7. Combats Arthritis The piperine present in black pepper is highly beneficial for treating arthritis due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic properties. In addition, this wonderful spice improves circulation, thereby preventing or reducing joint pain caused by poor circulation. Researchers have also found that black pepper helps reduce the perception of pain and arthritic symptoms. 8. Fights Cancer and Prevents Other Diseases Black pepper has antioxidant qualities that fight cancer, particularly colon and breast cancer. A study done at St. Louis University in Missouri found that black pepper can help inhibit colon cell proliferation due to its significant anti-proliferative activity. Furthermore, its polyphenol content protects against high blood pressure, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. 9. Works as a Natural Antidepressant The piperine in black pepper acts as an antidepressant by increasing serotonin production. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter important for mood regulation. Low levels of serotonin are associated with depression Moreover, piperine increases beta-endorphins in the brain and promotes mental clarity. Endorphins work as natural painkillers and mood elevators. They reduce stress and promote a feeling of wellness that alleviates anxiety and melancholy. So, add black pepper in your daily meals to improve your cognitive functioning and lift your mood. 10. Treats Teeth and Gum Problems As it reduces pain and inflammation, you can use black pepper with its partner salt to reduce gum inflammation along with problems like bad breath and bleeding gums. Just mix equal amounts of both salt and pepper in a few drops of water, and massage your gums with the mixture.To alleviate a toothache, mix a pinch of black pepper powder in clove oil and apply it on the affected area.Dr. Sanjay Kumar Mallick11 Likes18 Answers
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AIDS Awareness Day 1 December 2018 AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a disease caused by a virus called HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). The illness alters the immune system, making people much more vulnerable to infections and diseases. HIV is found in the body fluids of an infected person, such as semen, vaginal fluids, blood and breast milk. The virus is passed from one person to another through blood or sexual contact. HIV can be transmitted in many ways, such as vaginal, oral sex, anal sex, blood transfusion and contaminated hypodermic needles. Causes Ineffective metabolism of food produces toxins that pollute the system and reduce body immunity (ojas). Stress, worry, overwork and excessive sexual indulgence also decrease ojas. If this diminished state of vitality is allowed to continue, coupled with high-risk exposure to infection, the body stands no chance of resisting disease. When all seven dhatus or body tissues are deteriorated and ojas is reduced, disorders symptomatic of AIDS can occur. Symptoms Diarrhea Weakness Weight loss Red rashes Enlarged glands Night sweating Sore throat Muscular pain Joint pain Chills Fever Ayurvedic AIDS Treatment According to Ayurveda, AIDS is primarily a disease of low ojas (immunity), the vital sap of the body. Ojas provides the physical and mental strength to resist disease. With a lowered immune system the body is susceptible to a host of opportune infections and disorders. There are millions of bacteria and viruses in our environment, many of which are contagious, that the body successfully fights off every day. But in a condition of low ojas or immunity level, these organisms are allowed to remain in the body and reproduce to cause disease. Ayurveda has many highly effective therapies for AIDS. There is a branch of Ayurveda known as rasayana, which specifically deals with increasing immunity and vitality through the use of various herbs, minerals and Ayurvedic techniques and practices. The line of treatment aims at the relief of current symptoms while addressing the underlying cause. After initial detoxification, the strength, immunity and vitality of the patient are increased through rasayanic therapies. Diet & Lifestyle Advice Ayurveda can help in preventing AIDS by strengthening the body's defence system through herbs and a supplementary code of conduct or achaar rasayana. Ayurveda recommends a whole range of herbs for the prevention of AIDS through strengthening the immune system. Herbs such as amla (emblica officinalis), bala (sida cordiolia), haritaki (terminalia chebula), nirgundi (vitex nirgundo) and amrita (tinospora wedifolia) have been found to be effective in the prevention of AIDS. However, the first step to stem the disease is emotional and moral support to the patient. The patient must be surrounded with well-meaning and loving family and friends for the healing to take place. The patient should be given nourishing food that are easily digestible and be engaged in fruitful activities. Ayurvedic tonic and rejuvenators (rasayanas) should be given to strengthen the system, boost immunity levels and stimulate appetite. After gaining some strength shodhana (elimination) techniques can be used to expel toxins from the body through enemas, steam bath, purgation and emesis. A nourishing diet along with medicated ghee preparations and soups is recommended. But spicy, oily and acidic foods are to be avoided. Also, chyavanprash, raktavardhak and triphala are recommended for AIDS patients Source : Jiva AyurvedDr. Hemant Adhikari12 Likes17 Answers
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72 female ,chest pain,cough dyspnea,mild hemoptysis fever since last 2 weeks. routine lab reports are normal, ESR 55, wbc 11200,N 78. spo2 92% BP 150/80mmhg. HR 126/min. plz interpret CXR and discuss possible diagnosis.Dr. Sandeep Ghodekar5 Likes18 Answers