Adult-onset chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial myopathy

An autosomal recessive condition caused by mutation(s) in the RYR1 gene, encoding ryanodine receptor 1. It may be characterized clinically by neonatal hypotonia, delayed motor development, and generalized muscle weakness, and amyotrophy. Pathologically, the absence of mitochondria and focal disorganization of the sarcomere appear as "minicores" on ATPase staining as a result of focal defects in oxidative activity.

Disease Alternative Name

minicore myopathy with external ophthalmoplegia

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