Autosomal dominant dyskeratosis congenita

A rare genetic disorder characterized by nail dystrophy, reticulated skin pigmentation especially on the neck and chest, and oral leukoplakia. In about half the cases mutations in the TERT, TERC, DKC1, or TINF2 genes are identified. Patients are at an increased risk of developing bone marrow failure, myelodysplastic syndrome, leukemia, or cancer, especially in the head and neck region.

Disease Alternative Name

zinsser-engman-cole syndrome
dyskeratosis congenita

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