Lead intoxication

Opioids, sometimes called narcotics, are a type of drug. They include strong prescription pain relievers, such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, fentanyl, and tramadol. The illegal drug heroin is also an opioid. Some opioids are made from the opium plant, and others are synthetic (man-made).A doctor may give you a prescription opioid to reduce pain after you have had a major injury or surgery. You may get them if you have severe pain from health conditions like cancer. Some doctors prescribe them for chronic pain.Opioids can cause side effects such as drowsiness, mental fog, nausea, and constipation. They may also cause slowed breathing, which can lead to overdose deaths. If someone has signs of an overdose, call 911:The person's face is extremely pale and/or feels clammy to the touchTheir body goes limpTheir fingernails or lips have a purple or blue colorThey start vomiting or making gurgling noisesThey cannot be awakened or are unable to speakTheir breathing or heartbeat slows or stopsOther risks of using prescription opioids include dependence and addiction. Dependence means feeling withdrawal symptoms when not taking the drug. Addiction is a chronic brain disease that causes a person to compulsively seek out drugs, even though they cause harm. The risks of dependence and addiction are higher if you misuse the medicines. Misuse can include taking too much medicine, taking someone else's medicine, taking it in a different way than you are supposed to, or taking the medicine to get high.Opioid misuse, addiction, and overdoses are serious public health problems in the United States. Another problem is that more women are misusing opioids during pregnancy. This can lead to babies being addicted and going through withdrawal, known as neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Opioid misuse may sometimes also lead to heroin use, because some people switch from prescription opioids to heroin.The main treatment for prescription opioid addiction is medication-assisted treatment (MAT). It includes medicines, counseling, and support from family and friends. MAT can help you stop using the drug, get through withdrawal, and cope with cravings. There is also a medicine called naloxone which can reverse the effects of an opioid overdose and prevent death, if it is given in time.To prevent problems with prescription opioids, be sure to follow your doctor's instructions when taking them. Do not share your medicines with anyone else. Contact your doctor if you have any concerns about taking the medicines.NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse

Disease Alternative Name

opioid misuse and addiction
opiates
opioid abuse and addiction
opioid use disorder
MainRecentTopDoctors
Churu
17 followers
User Languages
Speaks English
Morbi
1216 followers

Self Emploid(private Clinic)

Morbi

Shri M P Shah Medical College Jamnagar

M B B S

User Languages
Speaks English
Khekra, Uttar Pradesh, India
1027 followers
User Languages
Speaks English, Hindi
Srinagar
468 followers

Florence Hospital

Sr Consultant Ophthalmologist

Linkedin

POSTED MORE THAN 1600 OPHTHALMIC ARTICLES TILL DATE

User Languages
Speaks English
Berhampore
1758 followers

Central Hospital,Dhuliyan

MO

Calcutta National Medical College and Hospital

MBBS

User Languages
Speaks Bengali, English, Hindi
Barpali
2506 followers

Self Employed. Now Doing My Practice

Pediatric Consultant

MKCG MCH

MBBS and MD (pediatrics)

User Languages
Speaks English
MUMBAI
1774 followers

Medical Practitioner- Consulting Physician

B.A.M.S., C.C.H. C.G.O.

D.S.N. Ayurved College

B.A.M.S., C.C.H., C.G.O.

User Languages
Speaks English, Hindi, Marathi, Sanskrit

Trending Cases