#CAP2020 PREVENTION OF DISABILITIES INCLUDING NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY:- Few methods of preventing developmental disabilities and enhancing children's functioning should be implemented and expanded in low-income countries. These methods should be tailored to local resources and needs, and should include the following: • Nutritional interventions to prevent iodine, vitamin A, iron, and folic acid deficiencies, and to ensure adequate overall nutrition, especially among women of childbearing age, infants, and children. • Vaccination to prevent conditions such as congenital rubella, bacterial meningitis, pertussis, diphtheria, tuberculosis, tetanus, and poliomyelitis, and commitment of resources to prevent other infectious diseases, such as pediatric AIDS, malaria, etc. • Identification of specific causes of adverse perinatal and neonatal outcomes that are amenable to intervention, and evaluation of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of alternative interventions in terms of the prevention of developmental disabilities. • Prenatal, newborn, and childhood screening for potentially disabling conditions that are amenable to intervention, such as sickle cell disease, hypothyroidism, PKU, and vision and hearing impairments. • Early identification and special educational interventions to improve outcomes for children with cognitive disabilities, including specific learning and sensory disabilities. • Child injury prevention. REFERENCE(S): 1. BOOK Neurological, Psychiatric, and Developmental Disorders: Meeting the Challenge in the Developing World. Institute of medicine (US) 2. Eating for autism by Elizabeth Strickland


Yes prevention of disability should start from the pregnancy itself when the baby is in the womb with necessary diagnostic tests to prevent high risk pregnancy, timely checkups & supplements with T.T injections. Proper sanitation practices during delivery. After birth timely vaccinations along with injury prevention
Thank you doctor

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