Wonderful post Dr Poddar sir Obesity and asthma has genetic basis. Obesity is associated with low grade chronic inflammatory disease . Obesity is associated with insulin resistance Diabetes Non alcoholic fatty liver disease Atherosclerosis Hypertension Metabolic syndrome Gall stones Osteoarthritis Gout Heart disease Cancers of uterus, cervix,endometrium, ovaries, colon, breast, oesophagus, liver,gall bladder, pancreas, prostate, kidney etc. stroke Asthma Sleep apnea . Reduction of weight leads to regression of all the above. Thanks for sharing the evidence based post sir .
LEPTIN A HORMONE ELEVATED IN OBESE AND ASTHMATICS. LEPTIN IS SECRETED BY ADIPOSE TISSUE AND WHERE OBESITY TENDS TO MORE THE POSSIBILITY OF ASTHMA ACCELERATE.
Definitely helpful sir. In fact i am just back from a respiratory CME where the speaker said that chronic deconditioning in obese patients also contributes to asthma apart from the factors elucidated by you. Also obese asthmatics show lower response to inhaled corticosteroids, hence management of asthma becomes difficult in obese patients.
very useful and always to be kept in mind while treating patients of asthama. Thank you Sir for post
obesity is one of the comorbidity which needs to be consider in asthma pt specially difficult to control one nice post Dr Poddar
very useful sir... easy understanding of correlation & thats why important to deal with it in management part...
very useful information dr poddar but use effective ayurveda medicine 1 tab medohar gogal two bd 2 tab kaf kuthar ras two bd 3 syp kankasav 10 ml two times daily 4 sheikh pachan churan one tea spon ate night with warm 5
Nice information Sir Thanks
Very useful post Dr Poddar. Thanks
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A obese patient age 40 yrs,weight 113kg has a following report. plz suggest a remedy for the patient for losing his weight and get rid from the obesityDr. Astha Agarwal1 Like31 Answers
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Friends today I am discussing about Fatty Liver (Hepatic Steatosis) disease. Fatty liver, or hepatic steatosis, is a term that describes the buildup of fat in the liver. It’s normal to have small amounts of fat in your liver, but too much can become a health problem. The liver is the second largest organ in the body. It’s responsible for a wide variety of functions, including processing everything we eat and drink, and filtering harmful substances from the blood. Too much fat in the liver can lead to long-term liver damage. View a body map of the liver and learn more about its function. Early stage fatty liver is diagnosed when the proportion of liver cells that contain fat is more than 5 percent. This is often diagnosed by looking at small samples taken from the liver under a microscope. Ultrasounds, CT scans, and MRI scans can also help evaluate the fat content of the liver. The liver commonly repairs itself by rebuilding new liver cells when the old ones are damaged. When there’s repeated damage to the liver, permanent scarring takes place. This condition is called cirrhosis. In mild forms, fatty liver can be a reversible condition that may improve with lifestyle modifications such as diet changes, weight loss, and increased physical activity. In many cases, fatty liver has no symptoms. Fatty liver is becoming a more common condition, currently affecting around 25 to 30 percent of people in Europe and the United States. Fatty liver becomes harmful when the condition progresses. Liver inflammation (steatohepatitis) can lead to liver scarring, liver cancer, and end-stage liver disease. What are the symptoms of fatty liver? Fatty liver typically has no associated symptoms. However, research has shown has shown that about 20 percent of people with fatty liver inflammation progress to worse conditions. If this occurs, you may experience fatigue or abdominal discomfort. Your liver may become slightly enlarged, which your doctor may be able to detect during a physical exam. It’s believed that the excess fat in the liver, along with certain medical conditions, increases inflammation. If your liver becomes inflamed, you may have symptoms such as: a poor appetite weight loss abdominal pain physical weakness fatigue confusion If fatty liver progresses to cirrhosis and liver failure, symptoms can include: an enlarging, fluid-filled abdomen jaundice of the skin and eyes confusion abnormal bleeding What are the causes of fatty liver? The most common cause of fatty liver identified in most cases is alcohol use disorder and heavy drinking. In many cases, it’s much less clear what causes fatty liver in people who don’t drink much alcohol. However, higher body weight, a diet high in processed sugar, high triglycerides, diabetes, low physical activity, and genetics all play a role. Fatty liver develops when the body creates too much fat or can’t metabolize fat efficiently enough. The excess fat is stored in liver cells where it accumulates and causes fatty liver disease. Besides alcohol use disorder, other common causes of fatty liver include: obesity hyperlipidemia, or high levels of fats in the blood, especially high triglycerides diabetes genetic inheritance rapid weight loss side effects of certain medications, including methotrexate (Trexall), tamoxifen (Nolvadex), amiodorone (Pacerone), and valproic acid (Depakote) What are the types of fatty liver? There are two basic types of fatty liver: nonalcoholic and alcoholic. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) develops when the liver has difficulty breaking down fats, which causes a buildup in the liver tissue. The cause isn’t related to alcohol. NAFLD is diagnosed when more than 5 percent of the liver is fat. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a type of NAFLD. As fat builds up, it can cause inflammation. Once more than 5 percent of the liver is fat and inflammation is also present, the condition is known as NASH. Symptoms of this condition are related to inflammation and worsening liver function. These can include: appetite loss nausea vomiting abdominal pain jaundice Most cases of NASH are detected in people between ages 40 and 60, according to the American Liver Foundation. If left untreated, steatohepatitis can progress to permanent scarring of the liver, liver cancer, and eventual liver failure. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy Acute fatty liver is a rare and potentially life-threatening complication of pregnancy. Signs and symptoms begin in the third trimester. These include: persistent nausea and vomiting pain in the upper-right abdomen headache jaundice general malaise fatigue decreased appetite Women who are pregnant with any of these signs or symptoms should be evaluated for this condition. Treatment includes managing any complications and prompt delivery. Most women improve within several weeks after delivery and have no lasting effects. Alcoholic fatty liver Alcoholic fatty liver is the earliest stage of alcohol-related liver disease. Heavy drinking damages the liver, and the liver can’t break down fats as a result. Abstaining from alcohol will likely cause the fatty liver to subside. Within six weeks of not drinking alcohol, the fat can disappear. However, if excessive alcohol use continues, inflammation known as alcoholic steatohepatitis may develop, leading to cirrhosis. Read more about the effects of alcohol on the body. Who’s at risk for fatty liver? Fatty liver is the buildup of extra fats in the liver. It’s more likely to develop if you’re overweight or obese. Having type 2 diabetes also may increase your risk for fatty liver. Fat accumulation in the liver has been linked to insulin resistance, which is the most common cause of type 2 diabetes. Other factors that may increase your risk for fatty liver include: excessive alcohol use taking more than the recommended doses of certain over-the-counter medications, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) pregnancy high cholesterol high triglyceride levels malnutrition metabolic syndrome low physical activity How is fatty liver diagnosed? Physical exam If your liver is inflamed, your doctor may be able to detect it by examining your abdomen for an enlarged liver. However, your liver can be inflamed without being enlarged. Let your doctor know if you’ve been experiencing fatigue or loss of appetite. Also, tell your doctor about any history of alcohol, medication, and supplement use. Blood tests Your doctor may find that liver enzymes are higher than normal during a routine blood test. This doesn’t confirm a diagnosis of fatty liver, but it does relate to liver inflammation. Further analysis is necessary to find the cause of the inflammation. Imaging studies Your doctor may use an ultrasound to detect fat in your liver. Other imaging studies may also be done, such as CT or MRI scans. Another imaging test similar to ultrasound is a FibroScan. Like an ultrasound, a FibroScan utilizes sound waves to determine the density of the liver and the corresponding areas of fat and normal liver tissue. Imaging studies can detect fat in the liver, but they can’t help your doctor confirm the extent of damage. Liver biopsy A liver biopsy is still considered the best way to determine the severity of liver disease. During a liver biopsy, your doctor will insert a needle into the liver and remove a piece of tissue for examination. They will give you a local anesthetic to lessen the pain. A liver biopsy is the only way to know for certain the severity of fatty liver or other liver diseases. The biopsy can also help your doctor determine the exact cause. How is fatty liver treated? Research is ongoing into medications that may help treat fatty liver. The first-line of treatment continues to be following recommendations to reduce your risk factors. These recommendations typically include: limiting or avoiding alcoholic beverages managing your cholesterol and reducing your intake of sugars and saturated fats losing weight controlling your blood sugar If you have fatty liver because of obesity or unhealthy eating habits, your doctor may also suggest that you increase physical activity and eliminate or add certain types of foods to your diet. Reducing the number of calories you eat each day can help you lose weight and heal your liver. In the early stages, you can improve and reverse fatty liver disease by reducing or eliminating fatty foods and foods high in sugar from your diet. Choose a balanced diet with healthier foods such as fresh fruits, fresh vegetables, whole grains, and healthy fats like those in nuts and avocados. Replace red meats with lean proteins such as soy, chicken, turkey, and fish. Sweetened drinks, juices, and sodas should be avoided. What is the long-term outlook for fatty liver? Most cases of fatty liver don’t progress into other forms of liver disease. The liver can repair itself, so if you take the necessary steps to treat high cholesterol, diabetes, an unhealthy diet, and obesity, you can reverse fatty liver. If you’re a heavy drinker, stop drinking alcohol or limit your intake to 1 drink or less per day for women and 2 drinks or less per day for men. A liver biopsy can help your doctor identify permanent liver damage and determine the severity of damage. If fatty liver persists and isn’t reversed, it can progress into liver disease, cirrhosis, or cancer. The progression to cirrhosis is dependent on the cause. In alcoholic fatty liver, continuing to drink alcohol in excess can lead to liver failure. The progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease varies, but in most people it does not lead to liver scarring and cirrhosis. However, if you’re diagnosed with steatohepatitis, you have a higher chance of developing scarring and liver disease. Twenty percent of people with steatohepatitis will go on to develop worsening liver disease. If fatty liver progresses to cirrhosis, the risk of liver failure and death rises significantly. There is also a higher risk for liver cancer and death from heart disease. How do I prevent fatty liver disease? Protecting your liver is one of the best ways to prevent fatty liver and its complications. You can start by taking several steps: Limit or eliminate alcohol from your diet. Eat a healthy, balanced diet. Control diabetes if you have developed the condition. Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise most days of the week. By taking these steps, you’ll not only keep your liver healthy, but also improve your overall health. Some of the most common homeopathic medicines for fatty liver are Chelidonium: This is often used to treat a fatty liver accompanied by right upper abdominal pain. In such cases, the liver may be enlarged and the patient also usually suffers from constipation or experience nausea and vomiting. The patient will also probably suffer from excessive weakness and have a desire for hot food and drinks. Lycopodium: A fatty liver accompanied by acidity can be treated with this type of homeopathic medication. In such cases, the patient will also complain of bloating and belching with a burning sensation. These symptoms tend to worsen n the evening and the patient may have an intense craving for sweets and hot drinks. Phosphorus: This is used to treat cases of fatty acid which triggers regurgitation accompanied by sour belching. In some cases, the patient may also experience pain in the liver and excessive flatulence. Vomiting may also occur along with weakness while passing stool. Calcarea carb: Obese patients suffering from this condition can be treated with calcarea carb. These people often have a distended abdomen, are lactose intolerant and suffer from chronic constipation. They are also overly sensitive to cold air and sweat excessively from the head. Nux Vomica: homeopathic remedy for fatty liver with pain in abdomen after eating. Nux vomica is great for any abdominal problem including fatty liver caused by excessive consumption of alcohol. These patients often suffer from abdominal pain a few hours after eating with sour or bitter tasting belches. They may constantly feel the urge to pass stool but are unable to do so.Dr. Rajesh Gupta9 Likes11 Answers
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Friends today I am discussing about Avery disgusting problem said to be obesity. What is obesity? Obesity is an epidemic condition puts people at a higher risk for serious diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. Obesity is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or more. BMI is a calculation that takes a person’s weight and height into account. However, BMI does have some limitations. According to the CDC, “Factors such as age, sex, ethnicity, and muscle mass can influence the relationship between BMI and body fat. Also, BMI doesn’t distinguish between excess fat, muscle, or bone mass, nor does it provide any indication of the distribution of fat among individuals.” What causes obesity? Eating more calories than you burn in daily activity and exercise (on a long-term basis) causes obesity. Over time, these extra calories add up and cause you to gain weight. Common specific causes of obesity include: eating a poor diet of foods high in fats and calories having a sedentary (inactive) lifestyle not sleeping enough, which can lead to hormonal changes that make you feel hungrier and crave certain high-calorie foods genetics, which can affect how your body processes food into energy and how fat is stored growing older, which can lead to less muscle mass and a slower metabolic rate, making it easier to gain weight pregnancy (weight gained during pregnancy can be difficult to lose and may eventually lead to obesity) Certain medical conditions may also lead to weight gain. These include: polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): a condition that causes an imbalance of female reproductive hormones Prader-Willi syndrome: a rare condition that an individual is born with which causes excessive hunger Cushing syndrome: a condition caused by having an excessive amount of the hormone cortisol in your system hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid): a condition in which the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough of certain important hormones osteoarthritis (and other conditions that cause pain that may lead to inactivity) Who is at risk for obesity? A complex mix of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors can increase a person’s risk for obesity. Genetics Some people possess genetic factors that make it difficult for them to lose weight. Environment and community Your environment at home, at school, and in your community, can all influence how and what you eat and how active you are. Maybe you haven’t learned to cook healthy meals or don’t think you can afford healthier foods. If your neighborhood is unsafe, maybe you haven’t found a good place to play, walk, or run. Psychological and other factors Depression can sometimes lead to weight gain, as people turn to food for emotional comfort. Certain antidepressants can also increase risk of weight gain. It’s a good thing to quit smoking, but quitting can also lead to weight gain. For that reason, it’s important to focus on diet and exercise while you’re quitting. Medications such as steroids or birth control pills can also put you at greater risk for weight gain. How is obesity diagnosed? Obesity is defined as having a BMI of 30 or more. Body mass index is a rough calculation of a person’s weight in relation to their height. Other more accurate measures of body fat and body fat distribution include skinfold thickness, waist-to-hip comparisons, and screening tests such as ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Your doctor may also order certain tests to help diagnose obesity as well as obesity-related health risks. These may include blood tests to examine cholesterol and glucose levels, liver function tests, diabetes screen, thyroid tests, and heart tests, such as an electrocardiogram. A measurement of the fat around your waist is also a good predictor of risk for obesity-related diseases. What are complications of obesity? Obesity leads to much more than simple weight gain. Having a high ratio of body fat to muscle puts strain on your bones as well as your internal organs. It also increases inflammation in the body, which is thought to be a cause of cancer. Obesity is also a major cause of type 2 diabetes. Obesity has been linked to a number of health complications, some of which are life-threatening: type 2 diabetes heart disease high blood pressure certain cancers (breast, colon, and endometrial) stroke gallbladder disease fatty liver disease high cholesterol sleep apnea and other breathing problems arthritis infertility How is obesity treated? If you’re obese and haven’t been able to lose weight on your own, medical help is available. Start with your family physician who may be able to refer you to a weight specialist in your area. Lifestyle and behavior changes Your healthcare team can educate you on better food choices and help develop a healthy eating plan that works for you. A structured exercise program and increased daily activity — up to 300 minutes a week — will help build up your strength, endurance, and metabolism. Counseling or support groups may also identify unhealthy triggers and help you cope with any anxiety, depression, or emotional eating issues. Medical weight loss Your doctor may also prescribe certain prescription weight loss medications in addition to healthy eating and exercise plans. Medications are usually prescribed only if other methods of weight loss haven’t worked and if you have a BMI of 27 or more in addition to obesity-related health issues. Prescription weight loss medications either prevent the absorption of fat or suppress appetite. These drugs can have unpleasant side effects. For example, the drug orlistat (Xenical) can lead to oily and frequent bowel movements, bowel urgency, and gas. Your doctor will monitor you closely while you’re taking these medications. Weight loss surgery Weight loss surgery (commonly called “bariatric surgery”) requires a commitment from patients that they will change their lifestyle. These types of surgery work by limiting how much food you can comfortably eat or by preventing your body from absorbing food and calories. Sometimes they do both. Weight loss surgery isn’t a quick fix. It’s a major surgery and can have serious risks. After surgery, patients will need to change how they eat and how much they eat or risk getting sick. Candidates for weight loss surgery will have a BMI of 40 or more, or have a BMI of 35 to 39.9 along with serious obesity-related health problems. Patients will often have to lose weight prior to undergoing surgery. Additionally, they will normally undergo counseling to ensure that they’re both emotionally prepared for this surgery and willing to make the necessary lifestyle changes that it will require. There’s been a dramatic increase in obesity and in obesity-related diseases. This is the reason why communities, states, and the federal government are putting an emphasis on healthy food choices and activities to help turn the tide on obesity. How can you prevent obesity? Help prevent weight gain by making good lifestyle choices. Aim for moderate exercise (walking, swimming, biking) for 20 to 30 minutes every day. Eat well by choosing nutritious foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein. Eat high-fat, high-calorie foods in moderation. Common and effective homeopathic remedies for weight loss Antimonium crudum. Argentum nitricum. Calcarea carbonica. Coffea cruda. Capsicum. Other homoeopathic medicines can also be given on the basis of totality of symptoms.Dr. Rajesh Gupta7 Likes5 Answers
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B M I n O B E S I T Y BMI is commonly used to diagnose overweight and obesity, often in conjunction with measurement of waist circumference. Leading guidelines, such as those produced by the American Association for Clinical Endocrinology (AACE),the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), and the European Association for the Study of Obesity (EASO),consider a BMI of 30 kg/m2 to be the threshold for obesity, and describe 3 classes of obesity, rising in severity from low-risk/class 1 (between 30.0 and 34.9 kg/m2), through moderate-risk/class 2 (between 35.0 and 39.9 kg/m2), to high-risk/class 3 (≥40.0 kg/m2). Lower BMI thresholds may be recommended for black African, African-Caribbean, and Asian (particularly South Asian) populations in order to trigger action to reduce the risk for comorbid conditions. For example, in the NICE guidelines, a BMI of 23.0 kg/m2 in these groups indicates increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and 27.5 kg/m2 indicates a high risk. Obesity is a global epidemic and its prevalence more than doubled between 1980 and 2014. In 2014, more than 1.9 billion adults (≥18 years), which is 39% of all adults, had overweight. More than 600 million had obesity, representing 13% of all adults. The fundamental cause of obesity and overweight is an imbalance between calories consumed and expended. Changes in dietary and physical-activity patterns worldwide have led to the increase in obesity and overweight.Obesity is a serious chronic condition that is associated with multiple comorbidities and decreased life expectancy.An increase in BMI increases a person's risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), and obesity is an independent risk factor for CVD.It also increases the risk for T2DM; fatty liver disease; musculoskeletal disorders, in particular osteoarthritis; and some cancers, including breast, colon, kidney, and pancreatic cancer.Higher BMIs are also associated with cognitive/mood disorders, obstructive sleep apnea, gallstones, and gastroesophageal reflux. Classes 2 and 3 obesity are associated with significantly higher all-cause mortality than class 1 obesity and normal weight.Other factors, such as waist circumference, also contribute to the increased risk for obesity-related disease. As well as fat accumulation, fat distribution is related to obesity-related mortality and morbidity. Central obesity, also known as the apple shape, confers a higher risk than general obesity for several chronic diseases.In recent years, there has been a broadening of focus from BMI alone, so that the management of obesity-related comorbidities is also a priority Physical-activity counseling is an integral part of obesity management, but would not be effective on its own. EASO guidelines recommend that pharmacological therapy is considered in patients who are overweight or who have class 1 obesity if they also have comorbidities. Treatment guidelines recommend that the first stage in managing patients with obesity is to assess their views of their weight and the diagnosis, as well as the possible reasons for weight gain. Failure to engage patients and to convince them of the benefits of lifestyle interventions aimed at weight loss is likely to result in the lifestyle interventions being less effective. Therefore, this is an important first step. Eating patterns and physical-activity levels should be explored, as well any beliefs about diet, exercise, and weight gain that may be unhelpful to the patient. The physician should find out if the patient has already tried to lose weight and how successful these efforts were. They should assess the patient's confidence and willingness to engage in a weight-loss program. The health and other risks of obesity should be explained, as well as the benefits of weight loss and increasing physical-activity levels. The physician should be aware that a patient's feelings about obesity and other health problems, such as surprise or denial, may reduce their willingness or ability to change. For this reason, it may help to stress that obesity is a clinical condition with specific implications for health, rather than something that focuses on how a patient looks. It has reported a divergence in the perception of obesity between people with obesity and the clinicians treating them. For example, 65% of people with obesity consider obesity to be primarily a lifestyle disease and 44% think it is possible to have obesity and be healthy, compared with 88% and 4%, respectively, for clinicians. Barriers can be motivational, such as lack of willpower, emotional/personal, such as eating habits, or practical/systemic, such as medication costs or lack of support services. A comprehensive lifestyle intervention is a fundamental part of the management of obesity. This consists of lifestyle/behavioral training, a dietary calorie-reduction plan, and increased physical activity.When developing a weight-loss plan for a patient, the main requirement is that total energy intake is less than total energy expenditure.This will help address the imbalance of energy regulation that characterizes obesity. Obesity develops when the body's weight and energy regulatory mechanisms do not work properly, leading to an elevated body fat "set point," ie, the amount of fat the body wants to retain. The energy intake behavior of an individual is determined by whether he or she is at, above, or below the set point. Diets with a daily deficit of 600 kcal, leading to a 5% to 10% reduction in current body weight over 6 months, are considered to be realistic and have proven health benefits.Lower-calorie diets with an intake of 800 to 1600 kcal/day can be considered, but they are less nutritionally complete. Very low-calorie diets (<800 kcal/day) should not be routinely used to manage obesity. Evidence from systematic reviews suggests that, although initial weight loss is more rapid with very low-calorie diets, weight change after 1 year is not very different from comprehensive approaches. Physical activity is part of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention. Although it may have only modest effects on weight loss, it will bring other benefits, such as a reduction in the risk for T2DM and CVD.Physical activity also helps to preserve fat-free mass during weight loss and promote weight maintenance. People who have had obesity but have lost weight may need to do 60 to 90 minutes of activity per day to avoid regaining weight. Weight loss is difficult to achieve for most patients with obesity because a desire to restrict caloric intake is counteracted by biological responses to weight loss. The reduction in energy expenditure and increase in appetite that occur after weight loss are associated with changes in several hormones. Some of the hormonal changes result in altered physiology that leads to weight gain, whereas other changes lead to improvements in hormonal systems as the patient gets closer to a healthy weight. Weight-loss medications aim to reinforce the patient's efforts to change eating behaviors and produce an energy deficit.Most promote weight loss through their effects on appetite -- increasing satiety and decreasing hunger. It is possible that satiety signaling and inhibitory control are weaker in people who are prone to obesity. Many treatment guidelines recommend that weight-loss medication is considered for patients with a BMI ≥30 kg/m2 or a BMI ≥27 kg/m2 if they also have 1 or more comorbidities and a history of failure to lose weight.The inclusion of comorbidities in the criteria reinforces the benefits of weight loss for people with obesity-related disease. ORLISTAT Unlike most weight-loss medications, orlistat is a reversible gastric and pancreatic lipase inhibitor that blocks absorption of 30% of ingested fat from a 30% fat diet when taken at the recommended dosage (120 mg 3 times per day). It is approved for use in adults and adolescents, is considered one of the safest drugs in its category, and is available in most countries around the world. However, it has well-documented GI adverse events, such as fecal leakage, which limit its popularity. NALTREXONE/BUPROPION This is a sustained-release combination of an opioid receptor antagonist (naltrexone) and a noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (bupropion). Naltrexone has a minimal weight-loss effect on its own,but it acts synergistically with bupropion to stimulate central melanocortin pathways and antagonize inhibitory feedback loops that limit weight reduction. This leads to improved energy expenditure and a reduction in appetite.The maximum total daily dose is 32 mg naltrexone/360 mg bupropion.Naltrexone/bupropion is associated with increased BP, so it should be avoided in patients whose hypertension is not controlled, and BP should be monitored in the initial phase of therapy. The most common adverse events are nausea, headache, vomiting, anxiety, and insomnia. The risk for GI events can be minimized by gradual titration. Other anti obesity drug is Liraglutide but this and Naltrexone are not available n approved in India by FDA .Only Bupropion is available but at present is used in smoking cessation n in depression.Dr. Girish Dahake12 Likes21 Answers
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Health Benefits of Alfalfa Grass ............................................................... Alfalfa grass is a flowering plant that is very common and the alfalfa grass health benefits are plentiful. The following will uncover 5 surprising health benefits of alfalfa grass… It is a perennial plant, which means that it grows and blooms over the spring and summer. During the fall and winter, the plants die back. In the spring, they return from the rootstock. The basic benefit of alfalfa is that it is very nutritious when it is consumed. This plant is high in chlorophyll, micronutrients, and vitamins A, B1, B6, C, E, and K. It also contains calcium, iron, zinc, and potassium. Finally, it contains more protein than most plants. What Are the Health Benefits of Alfalfa Grass? Other than the nutritional value, alfalfa has several health benefits. These include: Anti-Inflammatory Properties: An alfalfa study was published in the July 2009 issue of Journal of Biomedical Science. The study was performed on animals that were injected with compounds that contained inflammation. The animals that were not fed alfalfa sprouts had increased inflammation compared to those who were fed alfalfa sprouts. Bolsters Immune System: A study was performed and published in the March 2009 issue of “Lupus”. During this study, animals were injected with alfalfa sprout ethyl acetate extract. The scientists doing this study wanted to see if alfalfa sprouts could be beneficial for people who suffer from autoimmune diseases, such as lupus. The animals that were given alfalfa had lower T-cell counts at the end of the study. Antioxidant Effects and Radiation Protection: A study was conducted in Turkey, and the results were published in the February 2008 issue of Photocheistry and Photobiology. According to the study, alfalfa can protect the cells from damage from x-rays, due to its antioxidant properties. The animals that were given alfalfa before having an x-ray had less free radicals and cell damage than those who were not given alfalfa. Lower Cholesterol: High cholesterol can lead to stroke and heart disease. A study was performed and published in the May 1087 issue of Atherosclerosis. According to the study, patients with high cholesterol were given alfalfa for 8 weeks. At the end of the study, their LDL, also known as bad cholesterol, dropped by 30 percent. After the study, the patients stopped eating alfalfa, and their cholesterol returned to the previous levels before the study was conducted. The study indicated that regular consumption of alfalfa could successfully reduce cholesterol. Improves Certain Medical Conditions: Alfalfa has been used to treat a variety of medical conditions, including kidney, bladder, and prostate conditions. It can also increase urine flow. Patients with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, upset stomach, and asthma can benefit from alfalfa. Side Effects of Alfalfa Grass Alfalfa is relatively safe for adults. However, if you take large amounts of alfalfa for a long period of time, the seeds can cause a reaction that is similar to lupus. Also, alfalfa can make the skin more sensitive to the sun. It is important for light skinned people to wear sunblock when going outdoors. Patients who are pregnant should avoid alfalfa. There is evidence that alfalfa can act like estrogen, which can have a negative effect on the pregnancy. Its estrogen effect can also be harmful for patients who suffer from breast cancer, uterine cancer, and ovarian cancer. If you have diabetes, you should check your blood sugar levels often, as alfalfa can lower your blood sugar. You may think that you are eating right, and your blood sugar levels are fine, but the alfalfa can have an effect on it. Patients who have had a kidney transplant should avoid consuming anything with alfalfa. There has been one reported case of a patient who had a transplant and rejected it due to their consumption of alfalfa. Because alfalfa boosts the immune system, it can make the anti-drugs that are given after the surgery, less effective. How to Take Alfalfa Grass The most common way to ingest alfalfa is to add alfalfa sprouts to a salad. You can also purchase alfalfa supplements and take them with your daily multivitamin. Alfalfa Grass in Green Powder Drinks If salad is not your favorite thing to eat, and you would rather not take a daily supplement, you can purchase green powder drinks that contain the right amount of alfalfa that is healthy for your diet. Green powder drinks such as Total Living Drink Greens contain numerous ingredients, including alfalfa grass, which are rich in vitamins and nutrients. Just having a drink or two a day can greatly improve your health. Alfalfa grass grows all over the world, and is very plentiful. For years, many people did not know the many health benefits of alfalfa grass. As studies were conducted on this grass, more and more people began putting alfalfa sprouts in their salad, and even eating them on their own. As the health food industry began seeing the importance of this grass, many companies began using alfalfa in their green drink powders.Dr. Sanjay Kumar Mallick7 Likes24 Answers