#Haemoptysis

Today my topic is on #Haemoptysis #Coughing of blood.Most of the peoples are worrying about this I will try to give solutions. Hlaemoptysis is the coughing of blood originating from the respiratory tract below the level of the larynx. Haemoptysis should be differentiated from: • Haematemesis - vomiting of blood from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. • Pseudohaemoptysis - where a cough reflex is stimulated by blood not derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes. This may be from the oral cavity or nasopharynx (eg, following an epistaxis) or following aspiration of haematemesis into the lungs. Classifications of severity vary. Although volumes of 100 to 1000 mL of blood have been described as indicative of massive haemoptysis, no specific volume has been universally accepted. However, a large volume of expectorated blood alone should not define massive haemoptysis, but rather an amount of blood sufficient to cause a condition that threatens the patient's life is usually a more correct and functional definition of severe haemoptysis[1. Trachea or bronchus • Malignancy: • Bronchogenic carcinoma. • Endobronchial metastatic tumour. • Kaposi's sarcoma. • Carcinoid tumour. • Bronchitis. • Bronchiectasis. • Airway trauma. • Foreign body. Lung parenchyma • Lung abscess. • Pneumonia - bacterial (eg, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa) or viral (eg, influenza). • Tuberculosis (TB). • Fungal infection and mycetoma. • Hydatid cysts. • Goodpasture's syndrome. • Pulmonary haemosiderosis. • Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). • Behçet's disease. • Lupus pneumonitis. • Lung contusion. • 'Crack' lung. Vascular • Arteriovenous malformation. • Aortic aneurysm. • Pulmonary embolism (PE). • Mitral stenosis. • Other cause of pulmonary venous hypertension - eg, left ventricular failure (LVF). • Trauma. • Iatrogenic (eg, chest drain malposition, secondary to pulmonary artery catheter manipulation). Other • Pulmonary endometriosis. • Congenital or acquired systemic coagulopathy - eg, leukaemia. • Anticoagulant or thrombolytic agents. • Factitious haemoptysis. • There is a large list of therapeutics for the treatment of cough. Among them, the top-ranked include – Drosera Rotundifolia, Antimonium Tart, and Conium Maculatum • . Bryonia. This remedy relieves dry and painful cough, with dry throat and intense thirst. ... • Phosphorus. ... • Pulsatilla. ... • Rumex crispus. ... • Aconitum napellus. ... • Antimonium tartaricum. ... • Belladonna. ... • Chamomilla.

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Very much informative and helpful educative post Sir.

Thank you doctor
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Informative

Thank you doctor
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