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Friends today I am discussion about Hormanal imbalance. Hormonal imbalances occur when there is too much or too little of a hormone in the bloodstream. Because of their essential role in the body, even small hormonal imbalances can cause side effects throughout the body. Hormones are chemicals that are produced by glands in the endocrine system. Hormones travel through the bloodstream to the tissues and organs, delivering messages that tell the organs what to do and when to do it. Hormones are important for regulating most major bodily processes, so a hormonal imbalance can affect a wide range of bodily functions. Hormones help to regulate: metabolism and appetite heart rate sleep cycles reproductive cycles and sexual function general growth and development mood and stress levels body temperature Men and women alike can be affected by imbalances in insulin, steroids, growth hormones, and adrenaline. Women may also experience imbalances in estrogen and progesterone levels, while men are more likely to experience imbalances in testosterone levels. Symptoms Hormonal imbalance in men and women Everyone experiences periods of hormonal imbalance at certain points in their life, but these can also occur when the endocrine glands are not functioning properly. The symptoms of a hormonal imbalance depend on which glands and hormones are affected. Symptoms associated with the more common causes of hormonal imbalances include: unexplained weight gain or weight loss unexplained or excessive sweating difficulty sleeping changes in sensitivity to cold and heat very dry skin or skin rashes changes in blood pressure changes in heart rate brittle or weak bones changes in blood sugar concentration irritability and anxiety unexplained and long-term fatigue increased thirst depression headaches needing to go to the bathroom more or less than usual bloating changes in appetite reduced sex drive thinning, brittle hair infertility puffy face blurred vision a bulge in the neck breast tenderness deepening of the voice in females Causes Everyone will experience natural periods of hormonal imbalance or fluctuations at particular points in their life. But hormonal imbalances can also occur when the endocrine glands are not functioning properly. Endocrine glands are specialized cells that produce, store, and release hormones into the blood. There are several endocrine glands located throughout the body that control different organs, including the: adrenal glands gonads (testis and ovaries) pineal gland pituitary gland hypothalamus gland thyroid and parathyroid glands pancreatic islets Several medical conditions are known to impact some, or several, of the endocrine glands. Certain lifestyle habits and environmental factors may also play a role in hormonal imbalances. Causes of hormonal imbalances include: chronic or extreme stress type 1 and type 2 diabetes hyperglycemia (overproduction of glucagon) hypoglycemia (more insulin produced than there is glucose in the blood) underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) over- or underproduction of the parathyroid hormone poor diet and nutrition being overweight hormonal replacement or birth control medications abuse of anabolic steroid medications solitary thyroid nodules pituitary tumors Cushing's syndrome (high levels of the hormone cortisol) Addison's disease (low levels of cortisol and aldosterone) benign tumors and cysts (fluid-filled sacks) that affect the endocrine glands congenital adrenal hyperplasia (low levels of cortisol) endocrine gland injury severe allergic reactions or infections cancers that involve endocrine glands chemotherapy and radiation therapy iodine deficiency (goiters) hereditary pancreatitis Turner syndrome (females with only one functioning X chromosome) Prader-Willi syndrome anorexia phytoestrogens, naturally-occurring plant estrogens found in soy products exposure to toxins, pollutants, and endocrine disrupting chemicals, including pesticides and herbicides Hormonal imbalances in women Hormonal imbalance occurs during pregnancy Women experience several periods of hormonal change in their lifetime, primarily during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and menopause. Women naturally experience several periods of hormonal imbalance throughout their lifetime, including during: puberty menstruation pregnancy, childbirth, and breast-feeding perimenopause, menopause, and postmenopause Women are also at risk of developing different types of hormonal imbalance disorders than men because they have different endocrine organs and cycles. Medical conditions causing irregular hormonal imbalances in women include: polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) hormone replacement or birth control medications early menopause primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) ovarian cancer Symptoms of hormonal imbalances in women include: heavy, irregular, or painful periods osteoporosis (weak, brittle bones) hot flashes and night sweats vaginal dryness breast tenderness indigestion constipation and diarrhea acne during or just before menstruation uterine bleeding not associated with menstruation increased hair growth on the face, neck, chest, or back infertility weight gain thinning hair or hair loss skin tags or abnormal growths deepening of the voice clitoral enlargement Bioidentical hormones: How are they used? Bioidentical hormones: How are they used? Hormone therapy and birth control pills both use bioidentical hormones. Learn more about them here. Hormonal imbalances in men Men also experience natural periods of hormonal imbalance during their lifetime. Natural causes of hormonal imbalances in men include: puberty aging Men are also at risk of developing different hormonal imbalances than women because they have different endocrine organs and cycles. Medical conditions causing hormonal imbalances in men include: prostate cancer hypogonadism (low testosterone) Symptoms of hormonal imbalances in men include: reduced sex drive erectile dysfunction (ED) low sperm count reduced muscle mass reduced body hair growth overdevelopment of breast tissue breast tenderness osteoporosis Treatment Treatment for hormonal imbalances may vary depending on the cause. Every person may require different types of treatment for hormonal imbalances. Treatment options for women with hormone imbalances include: Hormone control or birth control. For those who are not trying to get pregnant, medications containing forms of estrogen and progesterone can help regulate irregular menstrual cycles and symptoms. People can take birth control medications as a pill, ring, patch, shot, or an intrauterine device (IUD). Vaginal estrogen. People experiencing vaginal dryness associated with changes in estrogen levels can apply creams containing estrogen directly to vaginal tissues to reduce symptoms. They can also use estrogen tablets and rings to reduce vaginal dryness. Hormone replacement medications. Medications are available to temporarily reduce severe symptoms associated with menopause, such as hot flashes or night sweats. Eflornithine (Vaniqa). This prescription cream may slow excessive facial hair growth in women. Anti-androgen medications. Medications that block the predominately male-sex hormone androgen can help limit severe acne and excessive hair growth or loss. Clomiphene (Clomid) and letrozole (Femara). These medications help stimulate ovulation in people with PCOS who are trying to become pregnant. Those with PCOS and infertility may also be given injections of gonadotropins to help increase the chances of pregnancy. Assisted reproductive technology. In vitro fertilization (IVF) may be used to help those with PCOS complications get pregnant. Treatment options for anyone with hormonal imbalances include: Metformin. A medication for type 2 diabetes, metformin can help manage or lower blood sugar levels. Levothyroxine. Medications containing levothyroxine, such as Synthroid and Levothroid, can help improve symptoms of hypothyroidism. Treatment options for men with hormonal imbalances include: Testosterone medications. Gels and patches containing testosterone can help reduce symptoms of hypogonadism and other conditions that cause low levels of testosterone, such as delayed or stunted puberty. Natural remedies Some natural supplements can help hormonal imbalance Some natural supplements can be used to reduce symptoms. People have used natural supplements to treat hormonal imbalances for thousands of years. However, there are no natural remedies that have been consistently proven in clinical studies to treat hormonal imbalances and their causes, aside from lifestyle changes. Natural supplements commonly used for the reduction of symptoms associated with hormonal imbalances include: black cohosh, dong quai, red clover, and evening primrose oil for hot flashes caused by menopause ginseng for irritability, anxiousness, and sleep disturbances caused by menopause ginseng, and maca for ED Lifestyle changes that may help reduce the likelihood and symptoms of hormonal imbalances include: maintaining a healthy body weight eating a nutritious and balanced diet exercising regularly practicing good personal hygiene, focusing on washing areas with a lot of natural oils, such as the face, neck, back, and chest using over-the-counter acne washes, rinses, and medicated creams or gels for minor to moderate acne avoiding triggers that cause hot flashes, such as warm weather and spicy, rich, or hot foods and drinks reducing and managing stress practicing yoga, meditation, or guided visualization limiting sugary foods and refined carbohydrates avoiding packaged foods replacing older non-stick pans with ceramic pans using glass containers to store and heat foods and drinks restricting the use of cleaning products that contain toxic chemicals, such as bleach buying fruits and vegetables that have not been sprayed with pesticides or ripening chemicals not microwaving foods and drinks in plastics Outlook Nearly everyone experiences at least one or two periods of hormonal imbalance during their lifetime. Hormonal imbalances are more common during puberty, menstruation, and pregnancy. But some people experience continual, irregular hormonal imbalances. Many hormonal imbalances are caused by external factors, such as stress or hormone medications. However, hormonal imbalances can also be caused by any medical condition that impacts or involves the endocrine system or glands. A person should speak to a doctor about long-term unexplained symptoms, especially those that cause pain, discomfort, or interfere with everyday activities.Dr. Rajesh Gupta9 Likes9 Answers
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29 year female....married with h/o irregular menses....diagonesed with p.c.o.d since 4 year difficulty in conceive ..kindly suggest best treatment.Dr. Anshu Sharma Sharma8 Likes60 Answers
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21 Reasons Why You're Losing Your Hair southernliving.com Oct 23, 2017 5:16 AM ￼ 1 of 22 Why is my hair falling out? It's true that men are more likely to lose their hair than women, mostly due to male pattern baldness (more on that later). But thinning hair and hair loss are also common in women, and no less demoralizing. Reasons can range from the simple and temporary—a vitamin deficiency—to the more complex, like an underlying health condition. In many cases, there are ways to treat both male and female hair loss. It all depends on the cause. Here are some common and not-so-common reasons why you might be seeing less hair on your head. Watch the video: 8 Reasons Your Hair Might Be Falling Out ￼ Any kind of physical trauma—surgery, a car accident, or a severe illness, even the flu—can cause temporary hair loss. This can trigger a type of hair loss called telogen effluvium. Hair has a programmed life cycle: a growth phase, rest phase and shedding phase. “When you have a really stressful event, it can shock the hair cycle, (pushing) more hair into the shedding phase,” explains Marc Glashofer, MD, a dermatologist in New York City. Hair loss often becomes noticeable three-to-six months after the trauma. What to do: The good news is that hair will start growing back as your body recovers. 2 of 22 Physical stress ￼ Pregnancy is one example of the type of physical stress that can cause hair loss (that and hormones). Pregnancy-related hair loss is seen more commonly after your baby has been delivered rather than actually during pregnancy. “Giving birth is pretty traumatic,” says Dr. Glashofer. What to do: If you do experience hair loss, rest assured that your hair will grow back in a couple of months. “It’s a normal thing and it will work its way out,” Dr. Glashofer says. 3 of 22 Pregnancy ￼ Overdoing vitamin A-containing supplements or medications can trigger hair loss, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. The Daily Value for vitamin A is 5,000 International Units (IU) per day for adults and kids over age 4; supplements can contain 2,500 to 10,000 IU. What to do: This is a reversible cause of hair loss and once the excess vitamin A is halted, hair should grow normally. 4 of 22 Too much vitamin A ￼ If you don't get enough protein in your diet, your body may ration protein by shutting down hair growth, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. This can happen about two to three months after a drop in protein intake, they say. What to do: There are many great sources of protein, including fish, meat, and eggs. If you don't eat meat or animal products, here are the 14 Best Vegan and Vegetarian Protein Sources. 5 of 22 Lack of protein ￼ About two out of three men experience hair loss by age 60, and most of the time it's due to male pattern baldness. This type of hair loss, caused by a combo of genes and male sex hormones, usually follows a classic pattern in which the hair recedes at the temples, leaving an M-shaped hairline. What to do: There are topical creams like minoxidil (Rogaine) and oral medications such as finasteride (Propecia) that can halt hair loss or even cause some to grow; surgery to transplant or graft hair is also an option. 6 of 22 Male pattern baldness ￼ Female-pattern hair loss, called androgenic or androgenetic alopecia, is basically the female version of male pattern baldness. “If you come from a family where women started to have hair loss at a certain age, then you might be more prone to it,” says Dr. Glashofer. Unlike men, women don't tend to have a receding hairline, instead their part may widen and they may have noticeable thinning of hair. What to do: Like men, women may benefit from minoxidil (Rogaine) to help grow hair, or at least, maintain the hair you have, Dr. Glashofer says. Rogaine is available over-the-counter and is approved for women with this type of hair loss. 7 of 22 Heredity ￼ Just as pregnancy hormone changes can cause hair loss, so can switching or going off birth-control pills. This can also cause telogen effluvium, and it may be more likely if you have a family history of hair loss. The change in the hormonal balance that occurs at menopause may also have the same result. “The androgen (male hormone) receptors on the scalp becoming activated,” explains Mark Hammonds, MD, a dermatologist with Scott & White Clinic in Round Rock, Texas. “The hair follicles will miniaturize and then you start to lose more hair.” What to do: If a new Rx is a problem, switch back or talk to your doctor about other birth control types. Stopping oral contraceptives can also sometimes cause hair loss, but this is temporary, says Dr. Hammonds. Don't make your problem worse with hair-damaging beauty regimens. 8 of 22 Female hormones ￼ Emotional stress is less likely to cause hair loss than physical stress, but it can happen, for instance, in the case of divorce, after the death of a loved one, or while caring for an aging parent. More often, though, emotional stress won't actually precipitate the hair loss. It will exacerbate a problem that's already there, says Dr. Glashofer. What to do: As with hair loss due to physical stress, this shedding will eventually abate. While it's not known if reducing stress can help your hair, it can't hurt either. Take steps to combat stress and anxiety, like getting more exercise, trying talk therapy, or getting more support if you need it. Watch the video: Yoga Poses for Less Stress and Better Sleep 9 of 22 Emotional stress ￼ Almost one in 10 women aged 20 through 49 suffers from anemia due to an iron deficiency (the most common type of anemia), which is an easily fixable cause of hair loss. You doctor will have to do a blood test to determine for sure if you have this type of anemia. What to do: A simple iron supplement should correct the problem. In addition to hair loss, other symptoms of anemia include fatigue, headache, dizziness, pale skin, and cold hands and feet. 10 of 22 Anemia ￼ Hypothyroidism is the medical term for having an underactive thyroid gland. This little gland located in your neck produces hormones that are critical to metabolism as well as growth and development and, when it’s not pumping out enough hormones, can contribute to hair loss. Your doctor can do tests to determine the real cause What to do: Synthetic thyroid medication will take care of the problem. Once your thyroid levels return to normal, so should your hair. 11 of 22 Hypothyroidism ￼ Although relatively uncommon in the U.S., low levels of vitamin B are another correctible cause of hair loss. What to do: Like anemia, simple supplementation should help the problem. So can dietary changes. Find natural vitamin B in fish, meat, starchy vegetables, and non-citrus fruits. As always, eating a balanced diet plentiful in fruits and vegetables as well as lean protein and “good” fats such as avocado and nuts will be good for your hair and your overall health. 12 of 22 Vitamin B deficiency ￼ This is also called alopecia areata and basically is a result of an overactive immune system. “The body gets confused,” says Dr. Glashofer. “The immune system sees the hair as foreign and targets it by mistake.” What to do: Steroid injections are the first line of treatment for alopecia areata, which appears as hair loss in round patches on the head. Other drugs, including Rogaine, may also be used. The course of the condition can be unpredictable, with hair growing back then falling out again. 13 of 22 Autoimmune-related hair loss ￼ Other autoimmune diseases such as lupus can also cause hair loss. Again it’s a case of mistaken identity: overzealous immune cells attack the hair. Unfortunately, hair loss of this type is “scarring,” meaning the hair will not grow back, says Dr. Hammonds. What to do: If the hair loss is mild, you might want to try a new hairstyle to camouflage the damage. Short hair, for instance, is stronger than long hair and may hide bald patches better. 14 of 22 Lupus ￼ Sudden weight loss is a form of physical trauma that can result in thinning hair. This could happen even if the weight loss is ultimately good for you. It’s possible that the weight loss itself is stressing your body or that not eating right can result in vitamin or mineral deficiencies. Loss of hair along with noticeable weight loss may also be a sign of an eating disorder such as anorexia or bulimia. What to do: "Sudden weight loss seems to shock the system and you’ll have a six-month period of hair loss and then it corrects itself,” says Dr. Hammonds. 15 of 22 Dramatic weight loss ￼ Some of the drugs used to beat back cancer unfortunately can also cause your hair to fall out. “Chemotherapy is like a nuclear bomb,” says Dr. Glashofer. “It destroys rapidly dividing cells. That means cancer cells, but also rapidly dividing cells like hair.” What to do: Once chemotherapy is stopped, your hair will grow back although often it will come back with a different texture (perhaps curly when before it was straight) or a different color. Researchers are working on more targeted drugs to treat cancer, ones that would bypass this and other side effects. In the meantime, Here's How to Deal With Thinning Hair During Chemo. 16 of 22 Chemotherapy ￼ Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is another imbalance in male and female sex hormones. An excess of androgens can lead to ovarian cysts, weight gain, a higher risk of diabetes, changes in your menstrual period, infertility, as well as hair thinning. Because male hormones are overrepresented in PCOS, women may also experience more hair on the face and body. What to do: Treating PCOS can correct the hormone imbalance and help reverse some of these changes. Treatments include diet, exercise, and potentially birth control pills, as well as specific treatment to address infertility or diabetes risk. 17 of 22 Polycystic ovary syndrome ￼ Certain other classes of medication may also promote hair loss. More common among them are certain blood thinners and the blood-pressure drugs known as beta-blockers. Other drugs that might cause hair loss include methotrexate (used to treat rheumatic conditions and some skin conditions), lithium (for bipolar disorder), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) including ibuprofen, and possibly antidepressants. What to do: If your doctor determines that one or more of your medications is causing hair loss, talk with him or her about either lowering the dose or switching to another medicine. 18 of 22 Antidepressants, blood thinners, and more ￼ Vigorous styling and hair treatments over the years can cause your hair to fall out. Examples of extreme styling include tight braids, hair weaves or corn rows as well as chemical relaxers to straighten your hair, hot-oil treatments or any kind of harsh chemical or high heat. Because these practices can actually affect the hair root, your hair might not grow back. What to do: In addition to avoiding these styles and treatments, the American Academy of Dermatology recommends using conditioner after every shampoo, letting your hair air dry, limiting the amount of time the curling iron comes in contact with your hair and using heat-driven products no more than once a week. 19 of 22 Overstyling ￼ Trichotillomania, classified as an “impulse control disorder,” causes people to compulsively pull their hair out. “It’s sort of like a tic, the person is constantly playing and pulling their hair,” says Dr. Glashofer says. Unfortunately, this constant playing and pulling can actually strip your head of its natural protection: hair. Trichotillomania often begins before the age of 17 and is four times as common in women as in men. What to do: Some antidepressants may be effective, but behavioral modification therapy is another option. 20 of 22 Trichotillomania ￼ It’s not uncommon to see hair loss or thinning of the hair in women as they enter their 50s and 60s, says Dr. Glashofer. Experts aren’t sure why this happens. What to do: Experts don't recommend that this condition be treated, says Dr. Hammonds. That leaves women with cosmetic approaches such as scarves, wigs and hair styled so as to cover up thin spots. That said, there are also plenty of tricks to prevent hair breakage and ways to keep your hair looking shiny and healthy in your 50s and above. 21 of 22 Aging ￼ If you take anabolic steroids—the type abused by some athletes to bulk up muscle—you could lose your hair, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Anabolic steroids can have the same impact on the body as polycystic ovary disease (PCOS), as the mechanism is the same, says Dr. Hammonds. What to do: This should improve after going off the drug. 22 of 22 Anabolic steroidsDr. Tapan Kumar Sau1 Like8 Answers
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24yrs old female M.L.- 3 yrs eager to conceive K/c - hupothyroid, polycystic-o p/a- soft what can b plane management plz suggestionsSumayya Khan0 Like7 Answers
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Here are the reasons for irregular periods in women thehansindia.com Oct 20, 2017 2:15 PM ￼ Absent periods (amenorrhea) especially at the early age should always be checked out. Absent periods (amenorrhea) especially at the early age should always be checked out. If you are a young woman and experiencing irregular periods, like missing out one in three months without being pregnant, then you should visit your gynecologist as it could be a serious concern. It's fairly common to experience irregular periods from time to time - lifestyle changes and environmental factors such as shift work can make you late but absent periods (amenorrhea) especially at the early age should always be checked out. Below mentioned are some of the some of the most common reasons by Dr. Shobha Gupta, Medical Director and IVF Expert from Mother's Lap IVF Centre for irregularity of period. 1. Stress One reason of your absent period could be your stress. Severe stress can have a major affect on your periods. High levels of physical or emotional stress hormones such as cortisol in your body interfere with menstrual hormones surges, resulting in a cycle that delays or that just stops. 2. Excessive exercise Working out is good but if you exercise too much, or do it aggressively then your hormones will be disrupted in a similar way when you're stressed. Working out excessively without taking in enough calories can cause disruptions. If you are an avid gym-goer or athlete and you have very little body fat, there is a good chance you will begin to skip periods and have anovular cycles too. 3. Excess or less body weight We know that not every fat is good, but some fat is essential. If your body weight sinks too low, you may stop ovulating. Being too thin also prevents pregnancy. In the same way excess weight can leads to obesity thereby increasing your chances of having diagnosed with infertility. Keep a watch on your weight; too much or too less body weight disrupts your cycle. 4. You may have PCOS Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is very common today especially at young age due to lifestyle habits. It's an endocrine disorder that has many symptoms, such as lack of or irregular periods, 'cysts' on the ovaries, fertility issues and weight gain. It can also cause excess body hair, acne, thinning hair and depression. Not everyone shows all these signs, however - it affects women in different ways. If untreated, then it can sometimes lead to more serious conditions such as Type-2 diabetes and heart problems; so don't ignore it! 5. You could be going through Pre-mature menopause The menopause is something that we associate with older women, but premature ovarian failure (POF) can happen to younger women, too. The exact cause of POF remains undetermined but changing food habits, work cultures with increased pressure and high stress jobs are some of the reasons of your sudden menopause. Report a problemDr. Tapan Kumar Sau2 Likes5 Answers