What is vitamin D deficiency?Vitamin D deficiency means that you are not getting enough vitamin D to stay healthy.Why do I need vitamin D and how do I get it?Vitamin D helps your body absorb calcium. Calcium is one of the main building blocks of bone. Vitamin D also has a role in your nervous, muscle, and immune systems.You can get vitamin D in three ways: through your skin, from your diet, and from supplements. Your body forms vitamin D naturally after exposure to sunlight. But too much sun exposure can lead to skin aging and skin cancer, so many people try to get their vitamin D from other sources.How much vitamin D do I need?The amount of vitamin D you need each day depends on your age. The recommended amounts, in international units (IU), areBirth to 12 months: 400 IUChildren 1-13 years: 600 IUTeens 14-18 years: 600 IUAdults 19-70 years: 600 IUAdults 71 years and older: 800 IUPregnant and breastfeeding women: 600 IUPeople at high risk of vitamin D deficiency may need more. Check with your health care provider about how much you need.What causes vitamin D deficiency?You can become deficient in vitamin D for different reasons:You don't get enough vitamin D in your dietYou don't absorb enough vitamin D from food (a malabsorption problem)You don't get enough exposure to sunlight.Your liver or kidneys cannot convert vitamin D to its active form in the body.You take medicines that interfere with your body's ability to convert or absorb vitamin DWho is at risk of vitamin D deficiency?Some people are at higher risk of vitamin D deficiency:Breastfed infants, because human milk is a poor source of vitamin D. If you are breastfeeding, give your infant a supplement of 400 IU of vitamin D every day.Older adults, because your skin doesn't make vitamin D when exposed to sunlight as efficiently as when you were young, and your kidneys are less able to convert vitamin D to its active form.People with dark skin, which has less ability to produce vitamin D from the sun.People with disorders such as Crohn's disease or celiac disease who don't handle fat properly, because vitamin D needs fat to be absorbed.People who have obesity, because their body fat binds to some vitamin D and prevents it from getting into the blood.People who have had gastric bypass surgeryPeople with osteoporosisPeople with chronic kidney or liver disease.People with hyperparathyroidism (too much of a hormone that controls the body's calcium level)People with sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, histoplasmosis, or other granulomatous disease (disease with granulomas, collections of cells caused by chronic inflammation)People with some lymphomas, a type of cancer.People who take medicines that affect vitamin D metabolism, such as cholestyramine (a cholesterol drug), anti-seizure drugs, glucocorticoids, antifungal drugs, and HIV/AIDS medicines.Talk with your health care provider if you are at risk for vitamin D deficiency. There is a blood test which can measure how much vitamin D is in your body.What problems does vitamin D deficiency cause?Vitamin D deficiency can lead to a loss of bone density, which can contribute to osteoporosis and fractures (broken bones).Severe vitamin D deficiency can also lead to other diseases. In children, it can cause rickets. Rickets is a rare disease that causes the bones to become soft and bend. African American infants and children are at higher risk of getting rickets. In adults, severe vitamin D deficiency leads to osteomalacia. Osteomalacia causes weak bones, bone pain, and muscle weakness.Researchers are studying vitamin D for its possible connections to several medical conditions, including diabetes, high blood pressure, cancer, and autoimmune conditions such as multiple sclerosis. They need to do more research before they can understand the effects of vitamin D on these conditions.How can I get more vitamin D?There are a few foods that naturally have some vitamin D:Fatty fish such as salmon, tuna, and mackerelBeef liverCheeseMushroomsEgg yolksYou can also get vitamin D from fortified foods. You can check the food labels to find out whether a food has vitamin D. Foods that often have added vitamin D includeMilkBreakfast cerealsOrange juiceOther dairy products, such as yogurtSoy drinksVitamin D is in many multivitamins. There are also vitamin D supplements, both in pills and a liquid for babies.If you have vitamin D deficiency, the treatment is with supplements. Check with your health care provider about how much you need to take, how often you need to take it, and how long you need to take it.Can too much vitamin D be harmful?Getting too much vitamin D (known as vitamin D toxicity) can be harmful. Signs of toxicity include nausea, vomiting, poor appetite, constipation, weakness, and weight loss. Excess vitamin D can also damage the kidneys. Too much vitamin D also raises the level of calcium in your blood. High levels of blood calcium (hypercalcemia) can cause confusion, disorientation, and problems with heart rhythm.Most cases of vitamin D toxicity happen when someone overuses vitamin D supplements. Excessive sun exposure doesn't cause vitamin D poisoning because the body limits the amount of this vitamin it produces.
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Recent Cases of OsteomalaciaBrowse recently discussed Osteomalacia cases by specialists
DX, Mx - Osteoarthritis/? Osteomalacia
76/F HTN/DM/Hypothyroid Pain both knee+hip, decrease ROM, no local inflamm. Xray: age related degeneration Osteoarthriti...See More
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Case of bone pain with ear pain
A 28 y/o male presented with diffuse bone pain. Report shows low level of serum phosphorus (0.8 mg/dl), hyperphosphaturia and hypercalcemia and was diagnosed with hypophosphatemic osteomalacia. Tumor was found in his left middle ear & rig...See More
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Top Cases of OsteomalaciaSelected by editors, top cases are known for unique problem or best solution
Postmortem in Vetero-legal cases should be conducted this way Postmortem is an examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death. Purposes; Insurance claim Write off animal Veterolegal cases Record keeping (at farm etc.) Fo...See More
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Osteomalacia is the most commonly seen in patient with; a. Colocystoplasty. b. Ilial ureters. c. Colonic conduits. d. Ileal conduits . e. Ureterosigmoidostomy.
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Top Osteomalacia Doctors on CurofyTop doctors who continously share their opinions on Osteomalacia
Government Arts And Science College Kozhikode Meenchanda
VSS.MEDICAL COLLEGE & HOSPITALS.
Professor Radiology. 1984 To 1993 Superintendent & Principal. 93 To 96 Director Medical Education.96 To 98.
Patna Medical College.
Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences
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Share your views on this rare case of Endometrial Stromal Nodules by Dr. Jagriti Bhardwaj Learn the art of handling such cases through her experience. Follow us for more such updates!Expert Insights81 Likes49 Answers
A 45 years man suffering with erectile disfunction but sex desire is high for last 1 year. Chilly pt Tendency to Overgrowth ( warts and cyst) Tendency to take cold easily Appetite-good Craving- Salty and bitter Thirst- moderate Perspiration- moderate Stool-regular Urine- normal Mind- Depressed Want company Please respected doctors suggest your views on this caseDr. Debasish Sasmal2 Likes32 Answers
*Chief Complaint* A 69 y-o-f came with the complaint left sided numbness over the face and arm. She is not able to chew food properly on left side or use her left arm to perform routine activities. *History* History positive for breast cancer and underwent surgery and chemotherapy. *Vitals* BP-125/80 mmhg, HR-74 bpm, Breathing-17 breaths/min, Temp-98.1 degree F *Physical examination* Examination shows paresis in left hand. Lab reports wnl. CT & MRI Brain was done which show multiple 1 cm - 1.5 cm nodular lesions in the brain, CT chest shows a 2cm × 2.5cm × 3cm mass in the left lung. Biopsy of the lung mass shows central nervous system metastasis. *Treatment* How the case should be managed.Dr. Vaibhav Goyal1 Like17 Answers
*Chief Complaint* A 63 year old male presented with the complaint of a small nodular mass in the left axilla for 1 year. He said it never caused any problem but not became painful and started causing discomfort for the past 1 month. *History* He has h/o hypertension. No family history of malignancy. *Examination* Physical examinations shows a 1*1.5 cm ulcerated nodular mass in the left axilla which was painful on touch. Bilateral breast examination normal and no lymphadenopathy noted. *Investigations* Excision biopsy was done which shows well-differentiated adenocarcinoma. *Treatment* Advise the further line of management.Dr. Raj Sharma5 Likes17 Answers
A 30 years woman came with dry cough since last night. < talking History of taking bath with cold water Chilly pt. Thirst- profuse Restless, Anxious Please respected doctors suggest medicineDr. Debasish Sasmal4 Likes17 Answers